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PDU 211 Research Methods: Paradigms, Theory, and Research
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PDU 211 Research Methods: Paradigms, Theory, and Research

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What is the difference between paradigm and theory? …

What is the difference between paradigm and theory?
(Lecture slides mostly in English)

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  • 1. PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN SEMESTER GASAL 2013/2014 FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA Kuliah II - 26 Agustus 2013 PARADIGMS, THEORY, AND RESEARCH & RESEARCH DESIGN
  • 2. PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Chapter 2. PARADIGMS, THEORY, AND RESEARCH (Babbie, 2011) ONE DAY OBJECTIVE Mahasiswa mampu memahami sudut pandang yang mendasari pola berpikir social science. image Babbie, 2011
  • 3. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 what is ‘PARADIGM’?
  • 4. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 what is ‘PARADIGM’? let’s see the next illustrations...
  • 5. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image neurobonkers.com
  • 6. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image neurobonkers.com which one is true?
  • 7. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 which one is true? image wallpapers87.com
  • 8. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image kabbalahstudent.com which one is true?
  • 9. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image kabbalahstudent.com which one is true? BOTH can be true, depends on the point of view{ }
  • 10. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY WHAT ARE ?
  • 11. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY PARADIGM WHAT ARE ?
  • 12. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY PARADIGM WAYS OF LOOKING WHAT ARE ?
  • 13. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY PARADIGM WAYS OF LOOKING ! A model or framework for observation and understanding, which shapes both what we see and how we understand it; ! Don’t explain anything, but they provide logical frameworks within which theories are created. WHAT ARE ?
  • 14. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY PARADIGM WAYS OF LOOKING ! A model or framework for observation and understanding, which shapes both what we see and how we understand it; ! Don’t explain anything, but they provide logical frameworks within which theories are created. WHAT ARE THEORY ?
  • 15. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY PARADIGM WAYS OF LOOKING ! A model or framework for observation and understanding, which shapes both what we see and how we understand it; ! Don’t explain anything, but they provide logical frameworks within which theories are created. WHAT ARE THEORY SEEK TO EXPLAIN ?
  • 16. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY PARADIGM WAYS OF LOOKING ! A model or framework for observation and understanding, which shapes both what we see and how we understand it; ! Don’t explain anything, but they provide logical frameworks within which theories are created. WHAT ARE THEORY SEEK TO EXPLAIN ! Providing logical explanations; ! Directly relevant to “why” questions; ?
  • 17. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM & THEORY PARADIGM WAYS OF LOOKING ! A model or framework for observation and understanding, which shapes both what we see and how we understand it; ! Don’t explain anything, but they provide logical frameworks within which theories are created. WHAT ARE THEORY SEEK TO EXPLAIN ! Providing logical explanations; ! Directly relevant to “why” questions; ! FUNCTIONS: ! Prevents our being taken in by flukes; ! Make sense of observed patterns in ways that can suggest other possibilities; ! Can shape and direct research efforts, pointing toward likely discoveries through empirical observations. ?
  • 18. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM When we recognize that we are operating within a paradigm: WHAT IS SO IMPORTANT ABOUT ?
  • 19. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM When we recognize that we are operating within a paradigm: ! We are better able to understand the seemingly bizarre views ad actions of others who are operating from a different paradigm; ! At times, we can profit from stepping outside our paradigm. WHAT IS SO IMPORTANT ABOUT ?
  • 20. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PARADIGM When we recognize that we are operating within a paradigm: ! We are better able to understand the seemingly bizarre views ad actions of others who are operating from a different paradigm; ! At times, we can profit from stepping outside our paradigm. PARADIGMS CANNOT BE TRUE OR FALSE, THEY CAN ONLY BE MORE OR LESS USEFUL. WHAT IS SO IMPORTANT ABOUT ?
  • 21. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 what PARADIGMS often used in social sciences?
  • 22. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 How these paradigms explain the phenomena? 1. Macrotheory dan Microtheory; Early Positivism 2. Conflict Paradigm 3. Symbolic Interactionism 4. Ethnomethodology 5. Structural Functionalism 6. Feminist Paradigms 7. Critical Race Theory 8. Rational Objectivity Reconsidered
  • 23. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 WANT TO KNOW MORE? Babbie, E. (2011). The basics of social research (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

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