PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
PDU 211
METODE
PENELITIAN
SEMESTER GASAL 2013/2014
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS...
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
Chapter 1.
HUMAN INQUIRY
AND SCIENCE
(Babbie, 2011)
ONE DAY OBJECTIVES
• Mahasisw...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
RAJA AMPAT
image fligh...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
RAJA AMPAT
image fligh...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
RAJA AMPAT
image fligh...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
RAJA AMPAT
image thelo...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
image thelondonfoodie....
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
image thelondonfoodie....
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
image thelondonfoodie....
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
You’ve probably long s...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
You’ve probably long s...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
You’ve probably long s...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
You’ve probably long s...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
You’ve probably long s...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
You’ve probably long s...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
REALITYLOOKING FOR REA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
REALITYLOOKING FOR REA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
REALITYLOOKING FOR REA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
Manayanglebihmenarikun...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
Manayangjumlah(mantan)...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
Manayangjumlah(mantan)...
FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
Social science can hel...
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GOOD BOY BAD BOY
WHAT ...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
GOOD BOY BAD BOY
WHAT ...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
GOOD BOY BAD BOY
Karak...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
In lar...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
In lar...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
In lar...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
Social...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
FOUNDA...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
SOME D...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
There ...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
There ...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
IDIOGR...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
IDIOGR...
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PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
SOCIAL RESEARCH
IDIOGR...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
IDIOGR...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
IDIOGR...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
INDUCT...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
INDUCT...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
INDUCT...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
QUANTI...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
QUANTI...
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
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SOCIAL RESEARCH
PURE a...
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PDU 211 Research Methods: Human Inquiry and Science

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What is scientific paradigm?
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PDU 211 Research Methods: Human Inquiry and Science

  1. 1. PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 PDU 211 METODE PENELITIAN SEMESTER GASAL 2013/2014 FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UNIVERSITAS KATOLIK INDONESIA ATMA JAYA Kuliah I - 19 Agustus 2013 HUMAN INQUIRY AND SCIENCE
  2. 2. PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Chapter 1. HUMAN INQUIRY AND SCIENCE (Babbie, 2011) ONE DAY OBJECTIVES • Mahasiswa mampu memahami paradigma berpikir ilmiah • Mahasiswa mampu memahami proses sistematis dalam penelitian
  3. 3. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 RAJA AMPAT image flights.indonesiamatters.com
  4. 4. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 RAJA AMPAT image flights.indonesiamatters.com WAKATOBI image blog.wakatobi.com
  5. 5. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 RAJA AMPAT image flights.indonesiamatters.com WAKATOBI image blog.wakatobi.com DERAWAN image javabackpacker.blogspot.com
  6. 6. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 RAJA AMPAT image thelondonfoodie.co.uk TULAMBEN image flights.indonesiamatters.com WAKATOBI image blog.wakatobi.com DERAWAN image javabackpacker.blogspot.com
  7. 7. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image thelondonfoodie.co.uk TULAMBEN
  8. 8. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image thelondonfoodie.co.uk TULAMBEN dari mana kita tahu bahwa tempatnya tampak seperti ini?
  9. 9. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 image thelondonfoodie.co.uk TULAMBEN dari mana kita tahu bahwa tempatnya tampak seperti ini? REALITY
  10. 10. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 You’ve probably long suspected that some of the things you “know” may not be true, but how can you really know what’s real? REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY
  11. 11. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 You’ve probably long suspected that some of the things you “know” may not be true, but how can you really know what’s real? REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1.
  12. 12. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 You’ve probably long suspected that some of the things you “know” may not be true, but how can you really know what’s real? REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1. ORDINARY HUMAN INQUIRY 2.
  13. 13. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 You’ve probably long suspected that some of the things you “know” may not be true, but how can you really know what’s real? REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1. ORDINARY HUMAN INQUIRY 2. TRADITION 3.
  14. 14. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 You’ve probably long suspected that some of the things you “know” may not be true, but how can you really know what’s real? REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1. ORDINARY HUMAN INQUIRY 2. TRADITION 3. AUTHORITY 4.
  15. 15. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 You’ve probably long suspected that some of the things you “know” may not be true, but how can you really know what’s real? REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1. ORDINARY HUMAN INQUIRY 2. TRADITION 3. AUTHORITY 4. logis dan ilmiah, walaupun tidak harus dibuktikan sendiri oleh scientist ada hubungan sebab-akibat yang digunakan untuk memprediksi peristiwa mendatang secara ‘turun- temurun’ sudah dianggap sebagai sesuatu yang ‘benar’ ada pihak otoritas yang menyatakan sesuatu sebagai sebuah kebenaran
  16. 16. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1. ORDINARY HUMAN INQUIRY 2. TRADITION 3. AUTHORITY 4. logis dan ilmiah, walaupun tidak harus dibuktikan sendiri oleh scientist ada hubungan sebab-akibat yang digunakan untuk memprediksi peristiwa mendatang secara ‘turun- temurun’ sudah dianggap sebagai sesuatu yang ‘benar’ ada pihak otoritas yang menyatakan sesuatu sebagai sebuah kebenaran SCIENTIFIC NON-SCIENTIFIC
  17. 17. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1. ORDINARY HUMAN INQUIRY 2. TRADITION 3. AUTHORITY 4. SCIENTIFIC NON-SCIENTIFIC
  18. 18. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 REALITYLOOKING FOR REALITY AGREEMENT REALITY1. ORDINARY HUMAN INQUIRY 2. TRADITION 3. AUTHORITY 4. SCIENTIFIC NON-SCIENTIFIC ➡ Inaccurate observations ➡ Overgeneralization ➡ Selective observations ➡ Illogical reasoning
  19. 19. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF
  20. 20. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF ! TWO PILLARS OF SCIENCE (1) Logic (2) Observations
  21. 21. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF ! TWO PILLARS OF SCIENCE (1) Logic (2) Observations ! THREE MAJOR ASPECTS OF THE OVERALL SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE (1) Theory (2) Data Collection (3) Data Analysis
  22. 22. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF ! TWO PILLARS OF SCIENCE (1) Logic (2) Observations ! THREE MAJOR ASPECTS OF THE OVERALL SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE (1) Theory (2) Data Collection (3) Data Analysis
  23. 23. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF ! TWO PILLARS OF SCIENCE (1) Logic (2) Observations ! THREE MAJOR ASPECTS OF THE OVERALL SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE (1) Theory (2) Data Collection (3) Data Analysis
  24. 24. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF ! TWO PILLARS OF SCIENCE (1) Logic (2) Observations ! THREE MAJOR ASPECTS OF THE OVERALL SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE (1) Theory (2) Data Collection (3) Data Analysis
  25. 25. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social science, then, can help us know only what is and why. We can use it to determine what ought to be. FOUNDATIONS OF ! TWO PILLARS OF SCIENCE (1) Logic (2) Observations ! THREE MAJOR ASPECTS OF THE OVERALL SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE (1) Theory (2) Data Collection (3) Data Analysis
  26. 26. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013
  27. 27. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Manayanglebihmenarikuntuk dijadikanpacar?
  28. 28. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Manayangjumlah(mantan)pacarnya lebihbanyak?
  29. 29. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Manayangjumlah(mantan)pacarnya lebihbanyak?
  30. 30. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 Social science can help us know only what is and why.WHAT IS WHY
  31. 31. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 GOOD BOY BAD BOY WHAT IS WHY
  32. 32. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 GOOD BOY BAD BOY WHAT IS WHY
  33. 33. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 GOOD BOY BAD BOY KarakteristikapapadaBADBOYyangmembuatperempuantertarik?WHAT IS Mengapaperempuantertarikpadasejumlahkarakteristikyang dimilikiolehBADBOY? WHY
  34. 34. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social science theory has to do with what is, not with what should be. This means that scientific theory—and science itself—cannot settle debates on value. FOUNDATIONS OF THEORY, NOT PHILOSOPHY OR BELIEF1.
  35. 35. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social science theory has to do with what is, not with what should be. This means that scientific theory—and science itself—cannot settle debates on value. FOUNDATIONS OF THEORY, NOT PHILOSOPHY OR BELIEF1. Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik? • Pandai berbicara • Kemampuan persuasi • Diinginkan oleh banyak perempuan • Terlibat dalam aktivitas ‘ilegal’
  36. 36. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social science theory has to do with what is, not with what should be. This means that scientific theory—and science itself—cannot settle debates on value. FOUNDATIONS OF THEORY, NOT PHILOSOPHY OR BELIEF1. Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik? • Pandai berbicara • Kemampuan persuasi • Diinginkan oleh banyak perempuan • Terlibat dalam aktivitas ‘ilegal’ Apakah ‘BENAR’ tertarik pada mereka? • Berdasarkan agama • Berdasarkan norma masyarakat
  37. 37. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social science theory has to do with what is, not with what should be. This means that scientific theory—and science itself—cannot settle debates on value. FOUNDATIONS OF THEORY, NOT PHILOSOPHY OR BELIEF1. Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik? • Pandai berbicara • Kemampuan persuasi • Diinginkan oleh banyak perempuan • Terlibat dalam aktivitas ‘ilegal’ Apakah ‘BENAR’ tertarik pada mereka? • Berdasarkan agama • Berdasarkan norma masyarakat ✓ ✗
  38. 38. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH In large part, social science theory aims to find patterns in social life. The vast number of formal norms in society create a considerable degree of regularity. FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL REGULARITIES2.
  39. 39. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH In large part, social science theory aims to find patterns in social life. The vast number of formal norms in society create a considerable degree of regularity. FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL REGULARITIES2. Pertanyaan ‘Mana yang lebih menarik untuk dijadikan pacar?’ dijawab oleh perempuan usia 12-35. • 70% perempuan usia 12-18 menjawab ARIEL • 50% perempuan usia 19-35 menjawab ARIEL
  40. 40. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH In large part, social science theory aims to find patterns in social life. The vast number of formal norms in society create a considerable degree of regularity. FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL REGULARITIES2. Pertanyaan ‘Mana yang lebih menarik untuk dijadikan pacar?’ dijawab oleh perempuan usia 12-35. • 70% perempuan usia 12-18 menjawab ARIEL • 50% perempuan usia 19-35 menjawab ARIEL MENGAPA pada perempuan usia 12-35 lebih banyak yang menjawab BAD BOY daripada perempuan usia 19-35?
  41. 41. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social scientists study primarily social patterns. These patterns reflect the aggregate or collective actions and situations of many individuals. FOUNDATIONS OF AGGREGATES, NOT INDIVIDUALS3. Pertanyaan ‘Mana yang lebih menarik untuk dijadikan pacar?’ dijawab oleh perempuan usia 12-35. • 70% perempuan usia 12-18 menjawab ARIEL • 50% perempuan usia 19-35 menjawab ARIEL
  42. 42. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social scientists try to place the individual in a set of similar individuals, according to a particular, defined concept; They can make sense out of more than one person. FOUNDATIONS OF CONCEPTS AND VARIABLES4.
  43. 43. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social scientists try to place the individual in a set of similar individuals, according to a particular, defined concept; They can make sense out of more than one person. FOUNDATIONS OF CONCEPTS AND VARIABLES4. Pertanyaan ‘Mana yang lebih menarik untuk dijadikan pacar?’ dijawab oleh perempuan usia 12-35. • 70% perempuan usia 12-18 menjawab ARIEL • 50% perempuan usia 19-35 menjawab ARIEL
  44. 44. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH Social scientists try to place the individual in a set of similar individuals, according to a particular, defined concept; They can make sense out of more than one person. FOUNDATIONS OF CONCEPTS AND VARIABLES4. Pertanyaan ‘Mana yang lebih menarik untuk dijadikan pacar?’ dijawab oleh perempuan usia 12-35. • 70% perempuan usia 12-18 menjawab ARIEL • 50% perempuan usia 19-35 menjawab ARIEL Konsep: USIA • Usia 12-18 ➔ REMAJA • Usia 19-35 ➔ DEWASA MUDA
  45. 45. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF THE PURPOSES OF SOCIAL RESEARCH5.
  46. 46. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF THE PURPOSES OF SOCIAL RESEARCH5. EXPLORING DESCRIBING EXPLAINING
  47. 47. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF THE PURPOSES OF SOCIAL RESEARCH5. EXPLORING DESCRIBING EXPLAINING mapping out a topic that may warrant further study later. describing the state of social affairs. providing reasons for phenomena.
  48. 48. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH FOUNDATIONS OF THE PURPOSES OF SOCIAL RESEARCH5. EXPLORING DESCRIBING EXPLAINING mapping out a topic that may warrant further study later. ➡ Usia ➡ Gaya hidup describing the state of social affairs. ➡ Perbedaan antara usia remaja dan dewasa muda providing reasons for phenomena. ➡ Penyebab perempuan remaja lebih tertarik
  49. 49. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH SOME DIALECTICS OF
  50. 50. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH There is no one way to do social research. SOME DIALECTICS OF
  51. 51. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH There is no one way to do social research. In fact, much of the power and potential of social research lies in the many valid approaches it comprises. Four broad and interrelated distinctions underlie these approaches. Though these distinctions can be seen as competing choices, a good social researcher thoroughly learns each. SOME DIALECTICS OF
  52. 52. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH IDIOGRAPHIC and NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION SOME DIALECTICS OF
  53. 53. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH IDIOGRAPHIC and NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION SOME DIALECTICS OF IDIOGRAPHIC NOMOTHETIC
  54. 54. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH IDIOGRAPHIC and NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION SOME DIALECTICS OF An approach to explanation in which we seek to exhaust the idiosyncratic causes of a particular condition or event. An approach to explanation in which we seek to identify a few causal factors that generally impact a class of conditions or events. IDIOGRAPHIC NOMOTHETIC
  55. 55. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH IDIOGRAPHIC and NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION SOME DIALECTICS OF An approach to explanation in which we seek to exhaust the idiosyncratic causes of a particular condition or event. An approach to explanation in which we seek to identify a few causal factors that generally impact a class of conditions or events. IDIOGRAPHIC NOMOTHETIC Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik?
  56. 56. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH IDIOGRAPHIC and NOMOTHETIC EXPLANATION SOME DIALECTICS OF An approach to explanation in which we seek to exhaust the idiosyncratic causes of a particular condition or event. An approach to explanation in which we seek to identify a few causal factors that generally impact a class of conditions or events. IDIOGRAPHIC NOMOTHETIC Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik? Konteks: • Personel band • Setelah patah hati • dll Konteks: • Bad boys secara umum
  57. 57. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH INDUCTIVE and DEDUCTIVE THEORY SOME DIALECTICS OF INDUCTIVE DEDUCTIVE Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik?
  58. 58. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH INDUCTIVE and DEDUCTIVE THEORY SOME DIALECTICS OF The logical model in which general principles are developed from specific observations. The logical model in which specific expectations of hypotheses are developed on the basis of general principles. INDUCTIVE DEDUCTIVE Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik?
  59. 59. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH INDUCTIVE and DEDUCTIVE THEORY SOME DIALECTICS OF The logical model in which general principles are developed from specific observations. The logical model in which specific expectations of hypotheses are developed on the basis of general principles. INDUCTIVE DEDUCTIVE Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik? • Model rambut sesuai bentuk wajah • Gaya pakaian pantas dan up-to-date • Cara berjalan gagah • Tampilan fisik • Cara memperlakukan perempuan TAMPILAN FISIK { • Wajah simetris • Suara berat • Menyapa • ‘Ladies first’ { {
  60. 60. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH QUANTITATIVE and QUALITATIVE DATA SOME DIALECTICS OF QUANTITATIVE QUALITATIVE Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik?
  61. 61. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH QUANTITATIVE and QUALITATIVE DATA SOME DIALECTICS OF Numerical data Nonnumerical data QUANTITATIVE QUALITATIVE Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik?
  62. 62. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH QUANTITATIVE and QUALITATIVE DATA SOME DIALECTICS OF Numerical data Nonnumerical data QUANTITATIVE QUALITATIVE Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik? • Hasil berupa angka • Bisa disimpulkan menjadi kualitas tertentu (misal: tinggi-rendah) • Hasil bukan berupa angka, lebih menyerupai deskripsi • Tidak ada generalisasi/ kesimpulan umum
  63. 63. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH PURE and APPLIED RESEARCH SOME DIALECTICS OF PURE APPLIED Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik?
  64. 64. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH PURE and APPLIED RESEARCH SOME DIALECTICS OF sometimes justified in terms of gaining “knowledge for its own sake.” some social scientists tend more toward pure research, others toward application. PURE APPLIED Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik?
  65. 65. FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya PDU 211 METODE PENELITIANardhiati © 2013 SOCIAL RESEARCH PURE and APPLIED RESEARCH SOME DIALECTICS OF sometimes justified in terms of gaining “knowledge for its own sake.” some social scientists tend more toward pure research, others toward application. PURE APPLIED Karakteristik apa yang membuat perempuan tertarik? • Penelitian dilakukan terhadap bad boys • Lebih bersifat exploratory • Penelitian bisa dilakukan terhadap subjek/topik yang relevan • Bisa bersifat description atau explanatory

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