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Wc Ch16s5
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Wc Ch16s5

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Wc Ch16s5 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Devastation of Europe and Japan
    • Ch16s5
  • 2. Europe in Ruins
    • almost 40 million Europeans died - mostly civilians
    • Most great cities ruined (except Paris, Rome, Brussels)
      • bombing destroyed buildings but people stayed to rebuild
      • no factories to work in = no money
      • people fled to other countries, didn’t know where to go
    • No one to harvest or transport crops = famine
  • 3. Postwar Gov’ts and Politics
    • Some gov’ts returned quickly - Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Norway
    • Other countries struggled - Germany, Italy, France
    • Nuremberg Trials - Nazi leaders accused of war crimes
      • 12 of 22 sentenced to death
  • 4. Effects of Defeat in Japan
    • US forces occupy Japan under leadership of Gen. MacArthur
    • Japan is demilitarized - armed forces disbanded
    • Japan is democratized - MacArthur wrote a new Japanese constitution
  • 5. US Occupation Brings Changes
    • Japanese Emperor had to admit he wasn’t a god
      • emperor became figurehead
    • Rulers were now elected, everyone over 20 could vote
    • US to provide military protection for Japan
      • US and Japan became allies
  • 6. Costs of World War II