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Transcript

  • 1. Parties, Interest Groups, and Public Policy
    • Day 7
    • TCI ch8
    • July 1, 2008
  • 2. Day 7 Notes
    • (TCI ch8)
    • Essential Question: Political parties and interest groups: How do they influence our political decisions?
  • 3. Notes
    • political party - an organization that seeks to achieve power by electing its members to public office
    • interest group - organized group whose members share a common goal and try to promote their interests by influencing gov’t policy and decision making
  • 4. Political Parties in US
    • parties recruit candidates and support campaigns
    • parties help organize elections and inform voters
    • parties organize the government
    • parties unite diverse interests and make collective action possible
    • parties serve as loyal opposition to the political party in power
  • 5. Political Parties in US
    • parties are organized at national, state, and local level
    • US has a two-party system
  • 6. Repubs and Dems
    • see book p145
  • 7. Third Parties
    • single-issue party - formed to promote or oppose one issue (Right to Life Party)
    • economic protest party -
    • ideological party - formed by people committed to a set of beliefs (Libertarian)
    • splinter party - people unhappy with major party (Bull Moose/Dixiecrat)
  • 8. Interest Groups
    • bring together many people for different purposes
    • ACLU, NRA, Sierra Club, SADD, NEA, VFW
    • people join for benefits (AARP, AAA) or because agree with groups goals
  • 9. Political Action Committees
    • Political action committee (PAC) - organization that raises and distributes funds to candidates; donations come from employees or members
  • 10. PAC influence
    • lobbying - influence public policy by persuading officials to favor or oppose action on an issue
    • also: research, litigation, grassroots mobilization
  • 11. PAC power
    • power comes from:
      • size and money
      • unity of purpose
      • effective leadership
      • information and expertise
  • 12. public policy
    • public policy - plan or course of action initiated by gov’t to achieve stated goal
    • 1. issue identification - seeing what needs attention
    • 2. agenda setting - choosing issue to address
    • 3. policy formation - deciding what to do
  • 13. public policy
    • 4. adoption - putting proposals into action (i.e. legislation)
    • 5. implementation - gov’t agency carries out policy
    • 6. evaluation - assessing the effectiveness of a policy
  • 14. end of notes