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Day 2 Notes Day 2 Notes Presentation Transcript

  • Comparing Forms of Gov’t
    • TCI ch2
    • June 24, 2008
  • Day 2 Notes
    • (Write this stuff down)
    • (TCI Ch2)
    • Essential Question: How should political and economic power be distributed in a society?
  • Comparing Forms of Gov’t
    • democracy - system of gov’t in which citizens exercise supreme power, acting directly on their own or through elected representatives
    • monarchy - single ruler exercises supreme power based on heredity or divine right
    • dictatorship - single person or group exercises supreme power by controlling military and police
  • Origins and Evolution of Gov’t
    • ancient world - city-states - city and its surrounding territory
    • Greece - direct democracy - citizens meet and vote on each issue
    • Rome - republic - representative democracy - supreme power with people, exercised by representatives
  • Origins and Evolution of Gov’t
    • middle ages - feudalism - land given to vassals for protection and loyalty
    • lord would seek advice from vassals - became parliaments - legislative assemblies in which reps debate and vote on proposed laws
    • late middle ages - absolute monarchies
  • Origins and Evolution of Gov’t
    • some monarchs were despots - tyrants - used power for selfish ends
    • people dissatisfied - revolutions
    • constitutional monarchies - powers of king are limited by constitution
    • constitutional democracy - democratic gov’t based on constitution - Amer. Rev.
  • Origins and Evolution of Gov’t
    • French Revolution - chaos - Napoleon establishes authoritarian regime - state controls lives of citizens
    • totalitarianism - 20th cent - control lives of citizens
    • communism - gov’t controls business
    • fascism - business remains private
    • Nazism - racist fascism
  • Totalitarianism
  • Gov’t in Today’s World
    • monarchy - most limited by constitution
    • dictatorship - control military
    • theocracy - rule by religious leaders (Iran and Vatican City)
    • single-party state - one political party rules (communism)
  • Gov’t in Today’s World
    • parliamentary democracy - voters elect lawmakers, lawmakers elect prime minister (executive)
    • presidential democracy - voters choose lawmakers and president (executive)
  • Distribution of Power
    • unitary system - national/central gov’t has all the power
    • federal system - power divided between national and regional governments
    • confederal system - power resides in the regions, which are independent states (EU)
  • Distribution of Power
  • Economic Systems
    • Economics answers:
      • What to produce?
      • How should these things be produced?
      • How should people share the goods and services?
  • Factors of Production
    • land - natural resources of a nation
    • labor - mental and physical effort
    • capital - money or knowledge and skills
    • entrepreneurship - people willing to take risks
  • Economies
    • market economy - relies mainly on markets to determine what goods and services to produce and how to produce them
    • traditional economy - decisions about what to produce and how are made on the basis of beliefs, customs, and traditions
    • command economy - central gov’t determines what goods and services to produce
  • Economies
    • mixed economy - economy falls between market and command
      • both US and China are mixed economies
  • End of notes
    • constitutional convention in next