Courts, Judges, and the Law <ul><li>Day 13 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI ch15 </li></ul><ul><li>July 10, 2008 </li></ul>
Notes - Day 13 <ul><li>(last day of notes!!) </li></ul><ul><li>(TCI ch15) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How is the...
Resolving Society’s Conflicts <ul><li>criminal law - to protect the welfare of society and provide punishments for those w...
Players in a Court of Law <ul><li>defendant - accused (criminal or civil) </li></ul><ul><li>prosecution - gov’t lawyer, re...
Role of Citizens <ul><li>witnesses - testify in court </li></ul><ul><li>jurors - usually 12 people who make decisions in c...
US Dual Court System <ul><li>two court systems - state and federal </li></ul><ul><li>usually independent but can overlap <...
Jurisdiction <ul><li>original jurisdiction - authority to hear case for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>appellate jurisdi...
State Courts <ul><li>most cases are heard in state courts </li></ul>
Choosing State Judges <ul><li>judicial election - pro: public input, debate - con: interferes with impartiality ($$ to run...
Federal Judges <ul><li>Article III of Constitution gives their power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cases of federal law or state v...
Supreme Court <ul><li>President nominates and Senate approves </li></ul><ul><li>only hears 100-150 cases each year </li></...
Supreme Court Decisions <ul><li>uphold or overrule decision of lower court </li></ul><ul><li>majority opinion - explain po...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Day 13 notes

702
-1

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
702
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Day 13 notes

  1. 1. Courts, Judges, and the Law <ul><li>Day 13 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI ch15 </li></ul><ul><li>July 10, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Notes - Day 13 <ul><li>(last day of notes!!) </li></ul><ul><li>(TCI ch15) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: How is the US judicial system organized to ensure justice? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Resolving Society’s Conflicts <ul><li>criminal law - to protect the welfare of society and provide punishments for those who fail to comply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>proven beyond a reasonable doubt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>civil law - conflicts between private parties (or occasionally private party vs. gov’t) </li></ul><ul><li>burden of proof is less - preponderance of evidence </li></ul>
  4. 4. Players in a Court of Law <ul><li>defendant - accused (criminal or civil) </li></ul><ul><li>prosecution - gov’t lawyer, represents the people </li></ul><ul><li>plaintiff - accuser in civil trial </li></ul>
  5. 5. Role of Citizens <ul><li>witnesses - testify in court </li></ul><ul><li>jurors - usually 12 people who make decisions in court </li></ul>
  6. 6. US Dual Court System <ul><li>two court systems - state and federal </li></ul><ul><li>usually independent but can overlap </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jurisdiction <ul><li>original jurisdiction - authority to hear case for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>appellate jurisdiction - (appeals) - review decisions by lower courts </li></ul>
  8. 8. State Courts <ul><li>most cases are heard in state courts </li></ul>
  9. 9. Choosing State Judges <ul><li>judicial election - pro: public input, debate - con: interferes with impartiality ($$ to run) </li></ul><ul><li>judicial appointment - governor or state legislature appoints judges - pro: avoid poorly informed voters - con: may appoint supporters </li></ul><ul><li>merit selection - committee nominates judges </li></ul>
  10. 10. Federal Judges <ul><li>Article III of Constitution gives their power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cases of federal law or state vs. state </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1. US District Courts 2. US Appellate Courts 3. Supreme Court (last appellate court) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Supreme Court <ul><li>President nominates and Senate approves </li></ul><ul><li>only hears 100-150 cases each year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>writ of certiorari - Courts requests a case </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Supreme Court Decisions <ul><li>uphold or overrule decision of lower court </li></ul><ul><li>majority opinion - explain position of majority </li></ul><ul><li>dissenting opinion - explains position of minority </li></ul><ul><li>concurring opinion - agree with majority but for different reasons </li></ul>

×