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  • 1. Chief Executives and Bureaucracies
    • Day 12
    • TCI Ch13
    • July 8, 2008
  • 2. Notes - day 12
    • (TCI ch13)
    • Essential Question: What qualities do modern presidents need to fulfill their many roles?
  • 3. Chief Executives
    • chief executive - top elected official in charge of enforcing laws and carrying out gov’t policy - president, governor, mayor
  • 4. Formal Qualifications
    • native-born citizen
    • 35 years old
    • lived in US for 14 years
    • states have other rules: younger, citizenship rules (arnold), shorter residency
  • 5. Informal Qualifications
    • educated: law, business, public service
    • held other political office
    • white, male, upper-middle class
    • Christian (especially Protestant)
    • governors and mayors more likely to be women or minorities
  • 6. Succession
    • line of succession - VP, Speaker, pres pro tem of Senate, Sec State, other Cabinet members
    • VP main job is to replace president
    • lieutenant governor is similar to VP
  • 7. Staying in Office
    • impeachment - begins in House - majority vote to have trial in Senate - 2/3 vote to remove from office
    • president has 2 term limit
    • recall election - option for many governors and mayors
  • 8. Constitutional Powers
    • commander in chief
    • call Congress into special session
    • ensure laws of Congress are executed
    • appoint officials
    • approve legislation
  • 9. Constitutional Powers
    • reprieve - postponement of punishment
    • pardon - release from punishment
    • amnesty - pardon a group of peope
  • 10. Washington
    • established precedents - everything he did shaped the office of the presidency
    • created first cabinet - appointed heads of executive departments
    • serve two terms
  • 11. Andrew Jackson
    • champion of common people
    • used veto more than other presidents
    • increased power of the office of the president
  • 12. Lincoln
    • used powers of the presidency
    • imposed martial law in Maryland - people under strict military rule
      • shut down newspapers, suspended habeas corpus, ignored court rulings
    • issued Emancipation Proclamation without approval of Congress - executive order - rule of president with force of law
  • 13. Theodore Roosevelt
    • spoke out on many issues, lots of media attention
    • created gov’t agencies to protect safer food and drugs
    • conservation of natural resources
    • active foreign policy - US to be great power
  • 14. Franklin D. Roosevelt
    • most like modern presidency - most power
    • had Congress pass bills to combat Great Depression (social security, New Deal)
    • addressed people directly, through radio - “fireside chats”
    • made presidency more powerful during WWII
  • 15. Roles of the President
    • chief executive - leader of gov’t bureaucracy (2 million jobs)
    • chief of state - ceremonial leader of gov’t
    • commander in chief - lead military
    • chief diplomat - oversee foreign policy, meet with foreign leaders, treaties
  • 16. Roles of the President
    • chief policymaker (chief legislator) - influence of legislative process
    • chief manager of economy ( ) - works with Congress on budget/taxes, appoints Federal Reserve Board
    • chief of party - leader of political party
  • 17. Presidential Checks
    • veto legislation
    • pocket veto - no sign bill and less than 10 days of Congressional session
    • nominates federal judges
  • 18. Executive Branch
    • White House Staff - presidents aids, chief of staff is most important
    • Executive Office of the President (EOP) - offices that support president
    • Executive Departments - cabinets depts
    • Independent Agencies - NASA, CIA, FCC