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Day 11 notes

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Transcript

  • 1. Congressional Lawmaking
    • Day 11
    • TCI ch12
    • July 8, 2008
  • 2. Notes - Day 11
    • (TCI Ch12)
    • Essential Question: How do laws really get made?
    • (do notes in sections with phases?)
  • 3. Notes part 1 - Convening a New Congress
    • before a new Congress convenes, lawmakers from each party meet to choose Congressional leadership
  • 4. Committee Assignments
    • leaders of each party decide number of seats each party gets on committees
      • majority party ensures control of each committee
    • some comtes more desired/important
    • new members get less desired comtes
  • 5. First Day of New Congress
    • first day begins with series of ceremonies
      • House votes for Speaker, gets oath of office, swears in all House members
      • VP swears in Senate members
  • 6. Notes part 2 - Working in Committee
    • Cmtes choose chairpersons - often by seniority
      • member of majority party
  • 7. Assigning Bills to Comte
    • bills must be introduced by a member of Congress - no matter who thought of it
    • Congressperson who introduces bill is the Sponsor
    • Speaker of House or presiding officer of Senate assigns bill to committee
  • 8. Bills in Committee
    • committee chair decides what to do with the bill
      • ignore the bill - it won’t become law
      • assign to subcommittee for study
  • 9. Path in Subcommittee
    • phase 1: hearings - gather info and hear testimony from “experts”
    • phase 2: markup - members amend (make changes) to the bill
    • phase 3: report - send bill back to full comittee
    • full committee - more hearings, amendments, send to full House or Senate for floor vote
  • 10. House Rules Comte
    • In the Senate - a bill reported out of comte is ready to be voted on
    • In House - bill must first go to House Rules Comte
      • schedules bill for debate or vote
      • influenced by Speaker of the House
  • 11. Notes part 3 - Debating and Voting on House and Senate Floor
  • 12. Majority Party Controls Debate
    • Speaker of the House and Senate Majority Leader determine which bills will be debated and for how long
  • 13. House Debate
    • House Rules Comte has to limit floor debate - 435 members can take too much time
      • usually 30 min for each party
      • bill sponsor or main opponent usually determines who speaks
  • 14. Senate Debate
    • Senate allows unlimited debate (usually)
    • filibuster - prolonged debate to prevent passing a bill (no vote taken)
    • cloture - 2/3 of Senate can vote to cut off debate
  • 15. Amendments
    • amendments to bills should be related
      • riders - amendment to bill with no relation to subject
    • easy way to get pet projects passed
  • 16. Voting on a Bill
    • voice vote - aye or no - presiding officer decides who was louder
    • standing vote - supporters/opponents stand to be counted
    • roll-call vote - each members vote is recorded
      • Senate - clerk calls name records vote
      • House - electronic voting system
  • 17. Influences on Legislators
    • interest groups - try to get legislators to vote certain way
    • party leaders - try to get legislators to vote certain way
    • colleagues - “logrolling” - members vote for each other’s stuff
  • 18. Notes - last part
    • Final Steps in the Legislative Process
  • 19. Congress Speaks as One
    • a bill passed in the House must be passed in the Senate and vice versa
      • must work out differences so bills are identical - joint conference comte
    • up-or-down vote - bill gets voted on again, no more chances for changes
  • 20. President Takes Action
    • President has 10 days to:
      • sign the bill into law
      • veto the bill
      • take no action - becomes law anyway at end of 10 days
    • if not 10 days remaining - pocket veto
  • 21. Override Veto
    • Congress can override veto with 2/3 vote of House and Senate
      • difficult to do

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