Day 10 Notes


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Day 10 Notes

  1. 1. Lawmakers and Legislatures <ul><li>Day 10 </li></ul><ul><li>TCI ch 11 </li></ul><ul><li>July 7, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Notes - Day 10 <ul><li>(TCI ch 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Question: What makes an effective legislator? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Qualifications <ul><li>House of Reps </li></ul><ul><li>25 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>live in state </li></ul><ul><li>2 year terms </li></ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul><ul><li>30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen 9 years </li></ul><ul><li>live in state </li></ul><ul><li>6 year terms </li></ul>
  4. 4. Informal Qualifications <ul><li>more likely to be white, male, educated (especially lawyer) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Delegates vs. Trustees <ul><li>Lawmaker as delegate - try to carryout will of their constituents </li></ul><ul><li>Lawmaker as trustee - try to exercise their own best judgement </li></ul><ul><li>How they act depends on the issue and its effect on constituents </li></ul>
  6. 6. Power of Incumbency <ul><li>Incumbent is more likely to get elected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House - 90% more likely and Senate - 80% more likely </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages - name recognition, office resources (franking privilege), more campaign funds, bragging rights (pork) </li></ul><ul><li>pork - publicly funded projects secured by legislators to benefit their home districts or states </li></ul>
  7. 7. Leadership in the House <ul><li>Speaker of the House – leader of majority party, presiding officer of the House </li></ul><ul><li>Refers bills to committees, decides order of procedures, 2 nd in line to President </li></ul><ul><li>Nancy Pelosi – first woman, Californian, Italian-American to be Speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Democrat from San Francisco </li></ul>
  8. 8. Leadership in the House <ul><li>Majority leader – floor leader, organizes party </li></ul><ul><li>Steny Hoyer (MD) – professional politician </li></ul><ul><li>Majority Whip – persuade party members how to vote on bills </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Clyburn (SC) – former high school teacher </li></ul>
  9. 9. Leadership in the House <ul><li>Minority leader – floor leader, organizes minority party (republicans) </li></ul><ul><li>John Boehner (OH) – Navy for 8 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>Minority Whip – persuade party members how to vote on bills </li></ul><ul><li>Roy Blunt (MO) – son Matt is Governor of Missouri </li></ul>
  10. 10. Leadership in the Senate <ul><li>No Speaker, Vice President presides but is not as powerful as a Speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Only real power is to cast tie-breaking vote </li></ul><ul><li>Cheney has done this 7 times </li></ul><ul><li>President pro tem – presides when VP is absent (which is most of the time) </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Byrd (WV) – has been Senator for 49 years, 3 rd in line to Presidency </li></ul>
  11. 11. Leadership in the Senate <ul><li>Senate Majority Leader – most important officer in Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Reid (NV) – born in Searchlight, nicknamed “Pinky” </li></ul><ul><li>Senate Minority Leader – second most important officer in Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Mitch McConnell (KY) – served in army less than 60 days (he won’t say why) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Purposes of Committees <ul><li>In the 109 th Congress, 6436 bills were introduced </li></ul><ul><li>Committees allow Congress to divide up workload and specialize in certain areas </li></ul><ul><li>Committees select the most important bills to consider </li></ul><ul><li>Committees hold public hearings to investigate and hear evidence about key problems </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of Committees <ul><li>Standing committees – permanent, carry over from one Congress to the next </li></ul><ul><li>Subcommittees – group that specializes in subcategory of standing committee </li></ul><ul><li>Select committees – temporary, created to deal with certain circumstances </li></ul>
  14. 14. Examples of Cmtes <ul><li>Joint Committees – contain members of both houses of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>- Usually study issue and report back to their house of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>- Less powerful than other committees </li></ul><ul><li>Conference Committees – temporary cmte with members from both houses </li></ul><ul><li>- Resolve differences in bills passed before it goes to president to sign </li></ul>
  15. 15. Powers of Congress <ul><li>make laws - (learn more about this later) </li></ul><ul><li>levy taxes, borrow money, coin money, declare war, regulate interstate and foreign commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Power of the Purse - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>appropriations - decide how to allocate public funds (spending money) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. State Legislatures <ul><li>similar to federal legislature - bicameral legislatures (except NE), political parties </li></ul><ul><li>differences - shorter sessions, smaller staff, less pay </li></ul><ul><li>smaller states have legislatures that meet only half time (they have regular jobs) </li></ul><ul><li>many states have term limits (CA included) </li></ul>
  17. 17. End of Notes <ul><li>end of notes </li></ul>