Internet of Things - The Tip of an Iceberg

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Internet of Things - The Tip of an Iceberg

  1. 1. INTERNET OF THINGS - THE TIP OF AN ICEBERG - DR. MAZLAN ABBAS REDTONE IOT “How much more IOT can do is only left to your imagination and to your budget. You can do as little or as much with IoT as you want.” March 6, 2016 MUBIN
  2. 2. TECHNOLOGIES THAT ENABLE IOT Cheap sensors (50% cheaper) Cheap bandwidth (40x cheaper) Cheap processing & smarter (60x cheaper) Ubiquitous wireless coverage (free wifi) Big data (unstructured data) IPv6 Smartphones (personal gateway) For the Past 10 Years
  3. 3. History of Internet of Things
  4. 4. KEVIN ASHTON – “FATHER OF THE IOT” “So you get stuff like the smart wine bottle, the smart bikini, and the smart water bottle. This stuff is not the Internet of Things – this stuff is all rubbish.” He believed IoT could “turn the world into data” that could be used to make macro decisions on resource utilization. “Information is a great way to reduce waste and increase efficiency, and that’s really what the Internet of Things provides”[Source: The Reimagination Thought Leaders Summit ,Sydney, 17 November 2015]
  5. 5. TO OVERCOME 3 KEY CHALLENGES Integrating data from multiple sources Automating the collection of data Analyzing data to effectively identify actionable insights
  6. 6. IOT ECOSYSTEM Command / RFI Analysis Remote Analytics / Data Storage IoT Devices Internet Gateway
  7. 7. FUNCTIONAL VIEW OF IOT TECHNOLOGIES
  8. 8. TODAY’S WIRELESS LANDSCAPE
  9. 9. COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
  10. 10. “BOX-LEVEL” VIEW OF IOT BUILDING BLOCKS
  11. 11. HOW BIG IS THE IOT MARKET? By 2016 Gartner predicts 6.4 billion devices will be connected to the internet -- and 5.5 million new 'things' will join them each day. 63 devices connected every second
  12. 12. SIZING THE MARKET – YEAR 2020 34 BILLION There will be 24 Billion IoT devices and 10 Billion traditional computing devices [Source: Business Insider, 2016]
  13. 13. MARKET OPPORTUNITY Application Development System Integration Data Storage Connectivity Device Hardware Security $ 0 $ 1 $ 2 $ 3 USD (Trillions) Amount Spent 2015- 2020
  14. 14. 3 MARKET ENTITIES • 5B Devices Installed By 2020 • $900M Spent (2015- 2020) • $400 ROI (2015-2025) • 7.7B Devices Installed By 2020 • $2.1B Spent (2015- 2020) • $4.7B ROI (2015-2025) • 11.2B Devices Installed By 2020 • $3B Spent (2015-2020) • $7.6B ROI (2015-2025) Consumers Government Businesses
  15. 15. ENVIRONMENTS Manufacturing 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement them within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Transportation Connected cars are a top IoT device. We estimate there will be over 220M connected cars on the road by 2020. Defense We estimate spendingon drones will reach $8.7B in 2020. In addition, 126K military robots will be shipped in 2020, according to Frost & Sullivan. Agriculture We estimate 75M IoT devices will be shipped for agricultural uses in 2020, at a 20% CAGR. These devices are primary sensors placed in soil to track acidity levels, temperature, and variables that help farmers increase crop yields. Oil, gas, and mining 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Insurance 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Connected Home 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Food Services 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC
  16. 16. ENVIRONMENTS Infrastructure We estimate municipalities worldwide will increase their spendingon IoT systems at a 30% CAGR, from $36B in 2014 to $133B in 2019. This investment will generate $421B in economic value for cities worldwide in 2019. Retail Beacons, paired with mobile apps, are being used in stores to monitor customer behavior and push advertisements to customers. In the US, we estimate $44.4B will be generated from beacon triggered messages. Logistics Trackingsensors placed on parcels and shipping containers will help reduce costs associated to lost or damaged goods. In addition, robots such as Amazon Kiva robot, help reduce labor costs in warehouses. Banks There are nearly 3M ATMs installed globally in 2015, according the World Bank. Some teller- assist ATMs provide live-stream video of a teller for added customer support. Utilities Energy companies throughout the world are trying to meet the rising demand in energy. To do this, they will be installing nearly 1 B smart meters by 2020. Hospitality 31% of hotels use next-generation door locks, 33% have room control devices, 16% have connected TVs, and 15% use beacons throughout the hotel, according to Hospitality Technology’s 2015 Lodging Technology survey. Healthcare We estimate 646M IoT devices will be used for healthcare by 2020. Connected healthcare devices can collect data, automate processes, and more. But these devices can also be hacked, thereby posing a threat to the patients who rely on them. Smart Buildings 43% of buildingmanagers in the US believe the IoT will affect how they run their building within the next 2 to 3 years, according to a survey from Daintree Networks.
  17. 17. IOT – BASICS TO ADVANCED SERVICES Monitor Autonomous OptimizeControl
  18. 18. IOT BENEFITS Improve Efficiency Reduce Costs Create Innovative Products New Revenue Streams
  19. 19. IOT APPLICATIONS - SIGNS OF FAILURE Power Plants Networks Social Infrastructures Manufacturing Plants Quality in trains and aircrafts etc
  20. 20. IOT APPLICATIONS - FORECASTING Churn ManagementProduct Demand Power Demand DeteriorationFair Price Quality
  21. 21. Security and Privacy of data Managing vast amounts of data Fragmented industry Finding the right business model WHAT ARE THE BUSINESS CHALLENGES
  22. 22. TIPPING POINT
  23. 23. Home Health Transport OfficeWaste WHAT-IF – WE CAN DO DATA BLENDING Creating New Compound Applications
  24. 24. MAKING SENSE OF DATA … BUT WHAT CITY DATA? THE GOLD RUSH
  25. 25. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN VALUE IS CREATED BY MAKING SENSE OF DATA VALUE PYRAMID
  26. 26. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important N/A 12-inch, 8mm etc Understanding EXAMPLE – FLOOD MONITORING What is the water level in the river? When does the river swell up? Where is the location of water rise? Who control the water dam? How to control the water level? How fast is the water rising? Why is the water rising? Who Benefits? - Citizens / Emergency Centers / Environmental
  27. 27. Single Infrastructure • Multiple Usage BENEFITS OF SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE Harnessing the Creativity Rapid Deployment Sustainable Business Model Assisting Scientific Community IOT Cloud
  28. 28. SMART HOME SCENARIO – INTERACTIONS IN SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE MODEL [Source: “Sensing as a Service Modelfor SmartCities SupportedbyInternetof Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactionson Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014]
  29. 29. EFFICIENT WASTE MANAGEMENT IN SMART CITIES SUPPORTED BY THE SENSING-AS-A- SERVICE [Source: “Sensing as a Service Modelfor SmartCities SupportedbyInternetof Things”, Charith Perera et. al., Transactionson Emerging Telecommunications Technology, 2014]
  30. 30. CROWDSENSING GETTING INSIGHTS FROM CITIZENS AS THE “SENSORS”
  31. 31. SMARTPHONE AS “SENSING ASSISTANT” Sensors: Camera – “Eyes” Audio – “Ears” Accelerometer – “Speed” GPS – “Location” Gyroscope – “Movement” Compass – “Direction” Proximity – “Closeness” Ambient light – “Eyes” Others…
  32. 32. NOISETUBE – CROWDSOURCING OF POLLUTION DATA USING SMARTPHONES. WHAT MOTIVATES? • Citizens and Communities concerned with noise • Measure your daily sound exposure in dB(A) with your mobile phone • Tag noisy sources to inform the community about them • Visualize and contribute your measurements on a • Compare your experience • Local governments / city planners • Improve decision-making by understanding local and global noise pollution in your city using maps and statistics • Get immediate feedback and opinions to and from citizens • Researchers • Get access to and analyze (anonymized) collective noise data • Find out what is important in soundscape perception • Developers • Use the environmental sensor web API to do your own web mash-ups
  33. 33. 1. Combining it with magnetic data from other sources, we hope to create near- real-time models of Earth's time changing magnetic field to aid navigation. 2. Mapping static magnetic noise sources (for e.g. power transformer and iron pipes) could potentially improve accuracy of the magnetic navigation systems. CrowdMag
  34. 34. HOW-TO PROVIDE A SMART CITY SOLUTIONS? HOW-TO
  35. 35. FIVE BIG REASONS WE FOCUS ON CITIES 1. More than half the world lives in cities. 2. By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities. 3. More than 60% of cities have yet to be built. 4. Cities have been the center of civilization, life, and knowledge for centuries. 5. Cities are at the forefront of global innovation.
  36. 36. Quality of Life Better usage of public resources Reduce operational costs CITIES WILL BE THE ENGINE OF OUR ECONOMY
  37. 37. “WHAT IS OUR CITY’S HEALTH INDEX?” HOW DO WE MEASURE OUR CITY?
  38. 38. What is Your Pulse Rate? WHAT-IF YOU CAN CAPTURE MORE THAN YOUR PULSE RATE?
  39. 39. The 150 Days of My Life Life-Logging
  40. 40. HOW-TO PROVIDE A SMART CITY SOLUTIONS? HOW-TO
  41. 41. BUILDING 3 TYPES OF CITIES ROI-driven Carbon-driven Vanity-driven
  42. 42. DATA OWNERSHIPS Personal / Household Private Public Commercial Sensor Data Provider
  43. 43. Home Health Transport OfficeWaste WHAT-IF – WE CAN DO DATA BLENDING Creating New Compound Applications
  44. 44. VISION OF THE CITY OF THE FUTURE Open source and open data Make visible the invisible Sensing the city Provide tools for the citizens to interpret and change the workings of the city Technology may help mitigate the “black hole” problem. The goal is to make decisions in real time as events or emergencies occur, mitigating their impact on the daily lives of city’s residents while making sure the city’s budget is used as effectively and efficiently as possible.
  45. 45. Smart City Agenda For city leaders wanting to pursue a smart city agenda, citizen inclusion is critical
  46. 46. BUILDING TRUST Citizens encounter good customer service across government channels We are very Citizen- Focused Local Authority
  47. 47. CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT BUILDING SMART CITIES VIA
  48. 48. EVERY DAY'S PROBLEMS WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
  49. 49. Ad Hoc Chaotic Unmanaged SMS Whatsapp Facebook Twitter Radio TV
  50. 50. BE THE EYES OF THE CITY REPORT TO THE LOCAL COUNCILS
  51. 51. riot.com.my SAVES TIME TO REPORT A PICTURE IS WORTH A 1000 WORDS www.citisense.com
  52. 52. REPORT AN ISSUE BUT NOT FEEL LIKE A COMPLAINT www.citisense.com riot.com.mycitiactapp
  53. 53. CITIACT APP FOR ACTION, NOT TALKING www.citisense.com riot.com.mycitiactapp
  54. 54. MOBILE APPLICATION
  55. 55. CitiAct Case Management System (CMS)
  56. 56. Citiact Dashboard
  57. 57. BETTER PLANNING • BETTER RESOURCE
  58. 58. DRAINAGE ISSUES – CAUSE OF FLASH FLOOD?
  59. 59. CORRELATE SEVERAL DATASETS Examples • Relationship between Dengue Cases with drainage issues, mosquito larvae, weather • Relationship between Leptospirosis (Penyakit Kencing Tikus) with unattended garbage, weather, etc
  60. 60. www.citisense.com RATE YOUR CAMPUS ROADS ROADSENSE @ UKM
  61. 61. CRIME AREAS FLASH FLOODS NOISE LEVEL ROAD QUALITY PROFILING OUR CITIES GAINING INSIGHTS • OPTIMISING RESOURCES
  62. 62. IoT in Smart City Environmental Monitoring Multiple Sensors Outdoor Parking Management Parking sensors River Monitoring Water Quality and Flood Warning Traffic Intensity Monitoring Devices located at main entrance of city Guidance to free parking lots Panels located at intersections Smart Citizen Crowdsensing Smart Waste Management Sensors in waste bins and garbage trucks • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Ferromagnetic sensors • Water level • Weather • Flow sensor • pH sensor • Measure main traffic parameters • Traffic volumes • Road occupancy • Vehicle speed • Queue Length • Taking information retrieved by the deployed parking sensors in order to guide drivers towards the available free parking lots • GPS • Infra-red sensors • User generated feedback with smartphones that help to make cities better
  63. 63. SAVING TAX DOLLARS GREAT WAY FOR CASH-STRAPPED MUNICIPALITIES TO SAVE MONEY www.citisense.com riot.com.mycitiactapp
  64. 64. Days - The average time to close a case “The Improve Detroit app has ushered in a new era of customer service and accountability in city government. It’s never been easier for Detroiters to get their voices heard and their complaints taken care of.” - Mayor Mike Duggan 6.5K 10 K 9 downloads within 6 months Launched in April 8, 2015 complaints made on the app have been closed.
  65. 65. MOBILE APPLICATION Open Data Smartphone Users Social Media Users PORTAL CITISENSE.COM CASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DASHBOARD CITISENSE.COM – YOUR SMART CITY HUB
  66. 66. Smart Parking Smart Waste Management Smart Street Light Smart Transportation Open Data Parking Garbage Collection Lighting Public Transport Smartphone Users Smart City Hub Social Media IOT Applications Sensor Data Users CitiAct CITISENSE.COM – BEYOND CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT
  67. 67. RIOT B U S I N E S S RIOT R & D RIOT R E A D Y RIOT IN T EG RAT O R TYPES OF PARTNER RIOT Business Partner (RBP) Companies selling IoT solutions based on RIOT platform, distributing licenses and value added services on their local markets. RIOT Certified Integrator (RCI) System Integrators approved by RIOT to implement and support the RIOT solution on their customers through certified engineers. RIOT Ready Program (RRP) Hardware and Software manufacturers that want to integrate their product with RIOT Platform. RIOT R&D Partner (RRDP) Universities or Research Institutions that want to integrate their R&D projects with RIOT platform.
  68. 68. THE GROWTH IN SMART CITIZENS
  69. 69. HOW IOT HELP QUANTIFIED- SELF
  70. 70. LIFELOGGING TAKE A STROLL DOWN A VIRTUAL MEMORY LANE “How much more IOT can do is only left to your imagination and to your budget. You can do as little or as much with IoT as you want.”
  71. 71. Evolution of Life logging
  72. 72. How to automatically records your real life story, as told by the places you visited and the things you've done because some of us have a great story to tell.
  73. 73. LIFELOGGING – BEYOND THAN JUST COUNTING STEPS How can you organize and browse all the video, audio, image and text data you amass?
  74. 74. LOGGING YOUR MIND How to automatically annotate files with descriptive, searchable tags and to easily browse them.
  75. 75. THOUGHT CONTROLLED COMPUTING
  76. 76. WHEN ”THINGS” SOCIALIZE
  77. 77. THANK YOU @REDtoneIOTREDtoneIOT • EMAIL: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com • TWITTER: @mazlan_abbas • FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas • LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ • SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 • ABOUT ME: about.me/mazlan.abbas

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