Global Childcare System FranceBy: Nicole, Fang, May, Ripple, Sybel, Yijing
Agenda Introduction –May History –May Underlying philosophy –Sybel Types of childcare setting –Nicole Teacher’s training –Fang ECE’s roles –Fang Availability and accessibility –Ripple Program structure –Yijing Conclusion -Yijing
Introduction To have a deeper understanding of thedifferences between French and Canadianchildcare system.
The history/ evolution of service Click to edit Master text styles ◦ Second level ◦ Third level Fourth level Fifth level
Comparison to Ontario France Ontario 1920: 1883: The first public The first public school kindergarten school kindergarten 1946: The Day 1966: The Day Nurseries Act was built Nurseries Act was built 1950: Increased in 1969: Increased in cooperative nursery cooperative nursery schools schools 1960-1980: Canada 1970-1980: Assistance Assistance Plan Plan
Underlying philosophyBoth the state and the families have theresponsibilities of childcare Respect of childcare “Liberty of choice”Balance between life and work Time to care for work Time to care for children.Day care is the right of every child
Comparison to OntarioFrance Ontario Child care is seen as Optional. Unnecessary as public responsibilities public responsibilities Not necessarily generous Generous offer for parental Not emphasizing readiness as leave & child care benefits much as France and different Emphasize school kind of educationally oriented model are also readiness based on Model preferred “écoles maternelles” is highly structured
Types of childcare setting France La crèche d’enterprise La crèche familial (the nursery company) (the family nursery) La école maternelleLa crèche parentale (the parental nursery) 3 months (nursery school/kindergarten) to 5 years old
Child Care Setting Ontario licensed, Child Care Center -For infants, toddlers, pre-school and school-age children. Include nursery schools, full day care, extended daycare and before and after school programs Regulated Family Child Care -From newborn to twelve years old Preschool/nursery school -Two to six years old Early Childhood intervention -For infants, toddlers pre-school and school-aged children who have developmental challenges or who are atrisk of developmental delays Kindergarten -Pre-Kindergarten , Junior Kindergarten , Senior Kindergarten For 3, 4, 5 years olds
Teacher’s trainningEarly Childhood Educator’s Qualification Bachelor’s Degree One year of study Several months of fieldwork Master’s Degree Professional Oral Examination
Comparison to OntarioEarly Childhood Educator’s Qualification College Early Childhood Educator Diploma Proof of registration with the Ontario College of Early childhood Educators Experience Basic skills Requirement
ECE’s rolesFocused areas Oral language and introduction to writing Learning to work together Acting and expressing emotions and thoughts with one’s body Discovering the world Imagining feeling and creating
Comparison to OntarioFocused areasFrance Ontario Oral language and The write stuff introduction to writing Talk to me (Teacher) Learning to work Physical gains together Acting and expressing Count on it emotions and thoughts Ill help myself, thanks with one’s body See Spot run Discovering the world Class rules Imagining feeling and Playing it up creating
Availability and accessibilityFrench National Curriculum Starts at age 2 , continues through primary and secondary education experience.Rate of access to regulated services Accredited daycare providers - 18% of children 0-3 years old. Crèche services - 8% école maternelle - 35% 2 to 3-year-olds (6-12 years are not available.)
Availability and accessibilityChildren with diverse need France child poverty-8% Public crèche system and écoles maternellesRate of provision 0-3 years: parents(64%), licensed childcare(18%), rèches(8%),etc. 3-6 years: almost 100%
Comparison to OntarioCanadian National Curriculum At the bottom of the heap of all OECD countries.Access to regulated services * NegligibleProvision Only 20% of lone parents and 5% of disadvantaged groups are covered.
Program structureAverage ratios Children 0-2 years: 5:1 Children 2-3 years: 8:1 Children 3-6 years: 25.5:1 Children 6-12 years: not availableMajor service types Centre-based, public options Individual options The provider’s home on a regular basis
Comparison to OntarioRatio France Ontario Children 0-2 years: 5:1 Children 0-1.5 years: 3:1 Children 2-3 years : 8:1 Children 1.5-2.5 years: 5:1 Children 3-6 years: Children 2.5-5 years: 8:1 25.5:1 Children 6-12 years: not Children 6-12 years: available 12~15:1
What did you learn today?
Conclusion Based on comparisons, we should rememberand work on the differences. At the same time,remember the mistakes weve had in order tolearn from it and improve ourselves.
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