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  • 1. VegetarianismBy : May BuraikHSB4M0, November-2012
  • 2. Vegetarianism In recent years, vegetarianism has evolved from personal preference to a rock star status brimming with political ramifications. When it comes to abstaining from meat, there are some pretty strong arguments coming from allsides of the camp – the meat eaters, the plant eaters, andenvironmentals. Let me take thru some of the main points.
  • 3. DefinitionDescription Vegetarianism noun (Concise Encyclopedia)  Theory or practice of eating only plants. The vegetarian diet includes grains, vegetables, fruits, and nuts; it excludes meat, poultry, and fish  It may also include abstention from by-products of animal products , such as gelatin.
  • 4. History The earliest records of (lacto) vegetarianism come from ancient India and ancient Greece in the 6th century BCE. In Asia, diet was closely connected with the idea of nonviolence towards animals (called ahimsa in India) and was promoted by religious groups and philosophers. Among the Egyptians and others, it had medical or Ritual purification purposes. The Vegetarian Society, founded in 1847, says that the word "vegetarian" is derived from the Latin word vegetus meaning lively or vigorous.
  • 5. Vegetarianism and ReligionsAfter researching and reading several articles I noticed that manyancient religions are vegetarian or lacto-vegetarians.Even the three main heavenly religions, allow the consumption of meatbut they stress that it should be in moderation and in minimal quantities. BUDDHISM .. The most important thing is to stop killing... because animals also have souls and understand like humans... . CHRISTIANITY “And while the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of the LORD was kindled against the people, and the LORD smote the people with a very great plague.” ~ Numbers 11:33, Holy Bible HINDUISM “Since you...cannot bring killed animals back to life, you are responsible for killing them. Therefore you are going to hell; there is no way for your deliverance.” ~ Adi-lila, Chapter 17, verses 159-165 ISLAM Do not allow your stomachs to become graveyards of animals! ~ Prophet Muhammad, Hadith JUDAISM I WILL EVEN SET MY FACE AGAINST THAT SOUL THAT EATETH BLOOD*, and will cut him off from among his people. *blood: meaning “flesh” ~ Leviticus 17:10, Holy Bible
  • 6. How many kinds of Vegetarianism is thereSemi-vegetarianism or flexitarian:diet is one that is mainly vegetarian-based with the occasional inclusionof meat products Ovo-lacto vegetarianism (or lacto-ovo vegetarianism) includes animal/dairy products such as eggs, milk, and honey.
  • 7. Varieties of vegetarianism Veganism A Vegan is the name given to people who do not consume any animal products. This would include meats, poultry, fish and seafood and also any dairy products or eggs..Lacto vegetarianismincludes dairy products but not eggs.
  • 8. HealthEffect of vegetarianism human healthVegetarian diets are lower in saturatedfats, cholesterol, and animal protein.They’re also high in anti-oxidant vitaminslike C and E, carotenoids, andphytochemicals. Overall, vegetarians have substantiallyreduced risks for obesity, heartdisease, high blood pressure, diabetesmellitus, osteoporosis, hypertension, andsome forms of cancer - particularly lungcancer and colon cancer. Vegetarian diets that are low insaturated fats have been successfullyused to reverse severe coronary arterydisease.
  • 9. Health A powerful article in the Huff post Healthy Living, wrote of the benefits to health of becoming a vegetarian. It stated Vegetarians live on average 8 years longer than meat eaters. This is about the same as researchers have found is the difference between smokers and non- smokers. Meat consumption is also linked to Cancer and the top ten killers.The American Dietetic Association and Dietitians ofCanada have stated that at all stages of life, aproperly planned vegetarian diet is"healthful, nutritionally adequate, and provideshealth benefits in the prevention and treatment ofcertain diseases.
  • 10. HealthIn the interview, the Former US President Bill Clinton explains the reason behind his decision to go vegan.
  • 11. Health Top killer responsible for almost 50 present off all deaths in the world As a 1961 journal of the American medical association had announced 90 present of heart diseases can be prevented by a vegetarian dietMeat and fish contains carcinogens that attack cell’s DNA and develop cancer Carcinogens are also found in cigarettes Meat contains more harmful chemicals than plant foods
  • 12. The killing of animals
  • 13. Animals experience fear prior to beingslaughtered. Just before terrified animals areslaughtered, they release a host of hormonesand toxic substances into their bodies.After the animals have been slaughtered, thosehormones remain in their bodies and begin toalter the animal meat. The quality of the meatdeteriorates significantly. When you eat thistainted animal meat, you ingest thosehormones into your body. Doing so can causea host of unwanted medical conditions anddiseases.
  • 14. Effect globallyHow Meat Contributes to Global Warming
  • 15. Effect globally Pound for pound, beef production generates greenhouse gases that contribute more than 13 times as much to global warming as do the gases emitted from producing chicken. For potatoes, the multiplier is 57. Beef consumption is rising rapidly, both as population increases and as people eat more meat. Producing the annual beef diet of the average American emits as much greenhouse gas as a car driven more than 1,800 miles.
  • 16. Effect globally BioHealthScience.orgHighlighted some important possibilities of vegetarianism. It stated that theworld may be forced to be Vegetarian by 2050. 70% of available water is in agricultureand most of that goes into the feeding of livestock. It concluded thatvegetarianism is one option to combat water shortages.
  • 17. Effect globallyGas pollution
  • 18. World hungerWorld hunger 20 million people die annual as a result of malnutrition Producing one pound of beef requires 16 pounds of edible grain which can be used to feed the hungry
  • 19. World hunger 16 kg of grain feeds 20 people16 kg of grain feeds one cow that feed 2 people
  • 20. World hungerMillions of people could be feed, if North Americans reduced their intake of meat by mere 10 percent According to the population reference bureau If every one adopted a vegetarian diet current food production would feed 10 billion people more than the projected population in the year 2015
  • 21. IQAccording to a report from Psychology Today, that could very well bethe case. The study reports that British people who are vegetarian ata young age have a much higher intelligence than those who werenot vegetarian at the same age. The vegetarians have a meanchildhood IQ of 109.1 whereas the non-vegetarians have a meanchildhood IQ of 100.9.This holds true for both men and women. Women vegetarians have amean childhood IQ of 108 while the female meat eaters have amean childhood IQ of 100.7. When it comes to men the vegetarianshad a mean IQ of 111 and the non-vegetarians had a mean IQ of101.1.
  • 22. Famous peopleNo matter what stand you take onvegetarianism, you may be surprised toknow that some of the world’s greatestgeniuses were vegetarians. Yes, that seemsto be the case. Even before eating meatwas considered barbaric in some circles, theearly pioneers of genius were eating fruit andvegetables and foregoing meat.
  • 23. Famous people who arevegetarian
  • 24. Why do people eat meat?Why do people think it is ok to eat meat when there ARE ALTERNATIVES ?People eat meat because we have evolved to eat meat. Its biologicalinstinct. We eat meat for the same reason that tigers or wolves eatmeat. Susan schenck, the author of whole foods rewrote a book after going back to meat called beyond broccoliShe realized that she became a vegetarian because she did not wantto be part of animals’ suffering to feed people. Once she startedraising her own animals she had no problem eating meat again.
  • 25.  In todays busy world it seems easier to have proccessed meat available instead of preparing a vegetarian meal Ive noticed that people are under the impression that meat is the most readily abundant source of food. I dont think that anyone was advocating that production of meat be stopped immediately, it would be a gradual process.
  • 26. ConclusionVegetarianism is not a complicated issue. It is a matter of lifestyleand beliefs. However changing ones diet so drastically after manyyears can be tricky. Among some of the issues to pay attention to, isto eat plant foods rich in protein to make up for the loss of meat inthe diet. like lentils or beans which are rich in proteins. It is also important not to eat too much of one item. Additionally itis important to consume a wide variety of foods to maintain anutritional balanceIn order to have a balanced diet and be a vegetarian, one must takeadded supplements to fill nutritional needs.•VitaminB12 pills •Iron tablets •Calcium pillsBecoming a vegtarian or a flexitarian is a win-win stuatiom Improves your health Feeds the world Saves our Environment from global warmingWe all have a role on this earth to preserve it for future generations.
  • 27. General information the American Dialect Society voted flexitarian as the years most useful word and defined it as "a vegetarian who occasionally eats meat"I highly recommend watching he documentary vegucatedSYNOPSISPart sociological experiment and part adventurecomedy, Vegucated follows three meat- and cheese-loving NewYorkers who agree to adopt a vegan diet for six weeks. Lured by talesof weight lost and health regained, they begin to uncover thehidden sides of animal agriculture that make them wonder whethersolutions offered in films like Food, Inc. go far enough. Thisentertaining documentary showcases the rapid and at timescomedic evolution of three people who discover they can changethe world one bite at a time.
  • 28. references 5966436E3FBC29418B41D8248526EB5504FA010&FORM=IDFRIR q=pakging+made+out+of+plants&sc=0-28&sp=-1&sk= 5966436E3FBC29418B41D8248526EB5504FA010&FORM=IDFRIR __cooked.h the February 2009 Scientific American Magazine l