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Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
Tenses
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Tenses

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  • 1. TENSES Maya Defianty
  • 2. KEY POINTS • PRESENT Is, am, are, been, infinitive (V1), do, does • PAST was, were, preterite (V2), did • FUTURE will, to be going to
  • 3. KEY POINT • CONTINUOUS to be +verb(ing) • SIMPLE to be or verb • PERFECT have/has/had+past participle
  • 4. Simple Present Tense This tense is usually used to indicate present time with the following stative verb Know understand have Believe hate need Hear love appear See like seem Smell want taste Wish sound own
  • 5. Present Continuous Tense The present cont. tense is used to indicate present time (now) with all but stative verbs Eg. John is eating dinner now It is also used to indicate future Eg. We are leaving for the theater at seven o’clock Subject + am/is/are + verb (ing)
  • 6. Simple Past Tense The simple past is used for a completed action that happened at one specific time in the past Eg. John went to Spain last year
  • 7. Past Cont. Tense It is commonly used for • An action which was occurring in the past and was interrupted by another action • Two actions occurring at the same time in the past • An action which was occurring at some specific time in the past Subject+was/were+verb(ing)
  • 8. Example • When I was writing a letter the phone rang (past continuous-when-simple past) • John was reading a book while Mary was watching television (past continuous-while-past continuous) • Henry was eating a snack at midnight last night
  • 9. PRESENT PERFECT Present perfect is used to indicate • An action that happened at an indefinite time in the past Eg. Mary has visited Macca (we don’t know when) Subject+has/have+verb past participle (V3)
  • 10. Present Perfect • An action that happened more than once in the past Eg. I have seen Titanic ten times • An action that began in the past and is still occurring in the present Eg. John has lived in the same house since 1969
  • 11. Notes • Use for+duration of time (for five hours, etc.) • Use since+beginning of time (since 1969) • Use already for affirmative sentences • Use yet for negative sentences and questions
  • 12. Present Perfect Continuous Is is used for action that began in the past and is still occurring in the present Eg. John has been living in the same house for twenty years = John has lived in the same house for twenty years Subject+has/have+been+verb(ing)
  • 13. Past Perfect It is used to indicate • An action that happened before another action in the past: there are usually two actions in the sentence Eg. John had gone to the store before he went home Subject+had+verb in past paarticiple
  • 14. Past Perfect • A state which continued for a time in the past, but stopped before now Eg. Ann had lived in New York for ten years before he moved to Chili Notes: The past perfect is usually used with before, after or when
  • 15. Past Perfect Continuous The tense is used interchangeably with past perfect Eg. George had worked at the university for thirty years before he retired Or George had been working at the university for thirty years before he retired Subject + had + been + verb(ing)
  • 16. Future Continuous The future continuous is used: • to show that an action or activity will be in progress at a point of time Eg. I will be doing my homework at 7 o’clock tonight • To show an activity when another action happens (punctual verb) Eg. I will be doing my homework when you come • To show an action when another durative verb is in progress Eg. I will be doing my homework while my father is watching tv Subject + will +be + verb (ing)
  • 17. Future Perfect Continuous The future perfect continuous tense is used to refer to an action that has begun before and will continue up to and, the given time in the future Eg. I will have been living in Jakarta for twenty five years in 2020 We will have been waiting for the lecturer for one hour at 8

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