Introduction to Political Parties

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Introduction to Political Parties Ppt

Introduction to Political Parties Ppt

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  • 1. Political Parties
  • 2. What is a Political Party? An organization of people Share the same ideas of government Members committed to party goals. Get laws passed to aid party goals GOAL: TO GET INTO POWER AND RUN THE COUNTRY.
  • 3. Party Systems Most countries have political parties Party systems – One party – Two party – Multi-party
  • 4. U.S. Party System Two party system – Two major parties vie for office – Other minor parties exist – Major parties – Democratic party – Republican Party
  • 5. Similarities of Major Parties in U.S. All value personal rights, freedoms Educational opportunities for all Economic opportunities for all Government duty- to protect nation Preserve environment Help citizens
  • 6. Differences Disagree on ways to meet goals Example: – Democrats- government directly helps the poor – Republicans- government helps economy and poor get jobs
  • 7. Benefits of Two Party System Stabilizing – Keeps people near the center – Extreme ideas not supported by populace Continuity – Government changes parties often – Transition is usually smooth
  • 8. Disadvantages Minority groups left out  Ex. Civil rights  Womens movement  Needed major party support
  • 9. Multi-Party System Three or more parties- Japan, Israel Advantage- More voter choice Disadvantage- Voters divided  No party gets majority votes  Must form coalition government  Coalition may not work- – 50 governments in Italy since W.W.II
  • 10. One Party System Party and government are almost the same- China One party’s members run for office Head of government usually head of party Party members recruit new party members Party members given top government jobs
  • 11. Party Language. Democratic Social Liberal Conservative Labour Republican National
  • 12. Task: Challenge What is the main objectives of the following Political Parties around the world. Scottish National Party (UK) United Kingdom Independence Party. Christian Democrats (Germany) Labour (Canada) Alliance Party (Northern Ireland)
  • 13. HW: What is a Party Whip? Research the following question. What is a Party Whip? What does it mean to ‘take the whip’ Can you give examples of controversies in the Whip?