Modyul 2 sub modyul 2.4 paksa 2 sesyon 2 hiv aids 101 basics
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Modyul 2 sub modyul 2.4 paksa 2 sesyon 2 hiv aids 101 basics

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  • Many of us confuse the terms HIV+ and AIDS A person is HIV=: Found thru blood test (+) for HIV Antibody He is still healthy with no s/s whatsoever Therein lies the hidden danger Because he can transmit/ spread the virus to someone AIDS- with signs and symptoms According to WHO estimates, HIV will develop AIDS w/in 2-15 years w/ an average of 5-7 years after contracting HIV. In reality however, it is rather difficult to determine the period b/w HIV infxn and the appearance of symptoms of AIDS because many people infected with HIV do not know when they contracted the virus.

Modyul 2 sub modyul 2.4 paksa 2 sesyon 2 hiv aids 101 basics Modyul 2 sub modyul 2.4 paksa 2 sesyon 2 hiv aids 101 basics Presentation Transcript

  • AIDS 101 Basic Knowledge on HIV and AIDS DSWD-Social Technology Bureau Ms. Elma Solis-Salamat
  • RATIONALE  Pursuant to R.A. 8504 “The National AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998.”  The Civil Service Commission (CSC) made the Announcement No. 21, series of 2010 mandating all government agencies to integrate and implement HIV and AIDS workplace policy and education program.
  • DOH-NEC HIV CASES
  • Geographic Distributions
  • HIV and AIDS “There is a hidden and growing HIV Transmission in the Philippines.” 6 cases a day, therefore, we should not be complacent.
  • What is HIV ? Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) - The virus which causes AIDS. What is AIDS ?  Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) A condition characterized by a combination of signs and symptoms, caused by HIV contracted from another which attacks and weakens the body’s immune system, making the afflicted individual susceptible to other life-threatening infections
  • AIDS HAS TWO FACES HIV INFECTION – Successful entry of Human Immunodeficiency Virus inside the body; no signs or symptoms AIDS –Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; terminal stage; with signs and symptoms; presence of opportunistic infections
  • How HIV Affects the Immune System http://whatnext.tht.org.uk/simplescience/ourimmunesystem/
  • 10/02/1310/02/13 MODES OF HIVTRANSMISSIONMODES OF HIVTRANSMISSION:: 1. Sexual contact1. Sexual contact • Contact with infectedContact with infected semen and vaginalsemen and vaginal fluid through vaginal,fluid through vaginal, anal or oral sexanal or oral sex MMWR, January 21, 2005 / 54(RR02);1-20
  • 10/02/1310/02/13 • Sharing of contaminatedSharing of contaminated needles and syringes byneedles and syringes by IV drug users (IDUs)IV drug users (IDUs) • Driving force of HIVDriving force of HIV epidemics in Asianepidemics in Asian countriescountries • In the latest report of theIn the latest report of the NEC, one IDU wasNEC, one IDU was documented to bedocumented to be infected with HIVinfected with HIV MODES OF HIV TRANSMISSION: 2. Exposure to infected blood and blood Products
  • 10/02/1310/02/13 MODES OF HIV TRANSMISSION:MODES OF HIV TRANSMISSION: 3. Exposure to infected blood and blood Products in3. Exposure to infected blood and blood Products in the hospital settingthe hospital setting  Blood TransfusionBlood Transfusion Organ Transplant Accidents in health care
  •  MODES OF HIV TRANSMISSIONMODES OF HIV TRANSMISSION 4. Infected mother to child During pregnancy During delivery During breast feeding
  • HIV is NOT transmitted thru: Coughing / Sneezing Shaking Hands Sharing Nipper Embracing Kissing Dr. Uddin/CHO Eating Using Public Toilet Swimming pool Mosquito Bite
  • 10/02/1310/02/13 Natural History of HIV infection Viral transmission Recovery + seroconversion Asymptomatic chronic HIV infection Symptomatic HIV infection /AIDS Death Acute retroviral syndrome 2-3 weeks 2-3 weeks 4-12 weeks Avg. 8 yrs Avg. 1.3 yrs It can take 10-15 years for an HIV-infected person to develop AIDS Antiretroviral drugs can slow down the process even further
  •  CD4 count - normal above 800 - 1050 cells/mm3  The lower the CD4 count, the more severe is the HIV infection  Viral Load (HIV RNA)  directly measures the number of virus in one’s body  units: copies/ml  The higher the viral load, the more severe the infection How to monitor HIV in one’s body?
  • GOALS OF AntiretroViral (ARV) Medicines  slows down the multiplication of HIV  lowers the ability of HIV to damage the immune system  Restore immunologic function  stabilise or increase in CD4 cell count  Stop disease progression (new infections)  Improve of quality of life
  • Window Period PLWAPLWAPLHIV
  • Clinical Stage 1: Persons Living with HIV
  • 10/02/13 Herpes Zooster Clinical Stage 2: Minor Cutaneous Manifestations
  • 10/02/13 Clinical stage 3: Persistent oral candidiasis
  • 10/02/13 Cutaneous Kaposi sarcoma Clinical Stage 4
  • 10/02/13 Chronic Herpes Simplex infections Clinical Stage 4
  • 10/02/1310/02/13 Testing algorithm for HIV in theTesting algorithm for HIV in the PhilippinesPhilippines  Screening test: ELISAScreening test: ELISA  Detects presence ofDetects presence of antibodiesantibodies toto HIVHIV  Accuracy of greater than 99%Accuracy of greater than 99%  Almost everyone becomes positiveAlmost everyone becomes positive within three months of infectionwithin three months of infection  Confirmatory test : WesternConfirmatory test : Western blotblot Source: Pinsky and Douglas, The Columbia University Handbook on HIV and AIDS 2003
  • IKAW BA AY? Nakikipagtalik ka ba sa isang “Positibo” Tumuturok ka ba ng droga?
  • Sinalinan ka ba ng dugo? Maraming katalik? IKAW BA AY?
  • IKAW BA AY? Mga lalaking nakikipagtalik sa kapwa lalaki? Sumuso sa inang positibo?
  • KUNG GANOON IKAW AY? MAY HIGH RISK BEHAVIOR
  • 10/02/1310/02/13 Prevention is the keyPrevention is the key  NO effective vaccine for HIVNO effective vaccine for HIV  NO cure for HIVNO cure for HIV  Treatment is lifelongTreatment is lifelong
  • ABCDE Prevention of HIVABCDE Prevention of HIV ABSTINENCE: Do not have sex. In the case of adolescents, delaying sexual debut (age of first sexual encounter) will help. BE FAITHFUL/MONOGAMOUS- Have ONE sexual partner
  • Prevention of HIVPrevention of HIV CORRECT and consistent use of CONDOM and safer sex practices DO NOT inject drugs
  • Prevention of HIVPrevention of HIV  EDUCATION- Early diagnosis and treatment of STI/ Education on STI-HIV
  • HOW DO WE DEAL WITH PERSONS WITH HIV? DO NOT STIGMATIZE THEM.
  • HOW DO WE DEAL WITH PERSONS WITH HIV? DO NOT ISOLATE THEM.
  • HOW DO WE DEAL WITH PERSONS WITH HIV? CONSIDER THEM A PART OF THE COMMUNITY.
  • AIDS or HIV infection can be treated but cannot be cured A person with HIV is infectious for life Anyone can get HIV You cannot tell who is infected HIV is preventable