Photo Rules!


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Here are some basic rules of photography. Great for a student publications staff or beginning photo class. There are brief explanations of rules of composition with examples. I also discuss how to choose photos for publication

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  • Here is an activity you can do with students. If you look in my uploaded documents you’ll find the example photos sheets and necessary worksheets for this activity.
  • Photo Rules!

    1. 1. Photo Rules!!<br />
    2. 2. Objective<br />Analyze photos using composition and other “rules”<br />Learn how to choose photos that will enhance or help tell your story<br />
    3. 3. What are Compositional Tools?<br />Rules or ideas you use to assemble your photographs<br />This does not mean they are posed by you, the photographer<br />Instead you must learn to see these elements/tools through your lens and use them to our advantage!<br />
    4. 4. Rule of Thirds<br />Think of putting a tic-tac-toe board on your photos<br />Place your subject on intersection points<br />Visually interesting when subject isn’t centered<br />
    5. 5. Leading Lines<br />Using natural lines to draw viewers eye to subject<br />The lines should lead viewer right to the subject or main object in your photo<br />
    6. 6. Dominant ForegroundContributing Background<br />Main subject is in the Foreground and that is where the viewers eye goes first<br />Secondary subject/content in the background contributes to the meaning or understanding of the photo<br />
    7. 7. Pattern & Repetition<br />Look for repeating patterns and use them to your advantage<br />Filling the frame with repeating objects can be visually interesting<br />
    8. 8. Selective Focus<br />Make your subject in focus, and the background blurry<br />This will draw the readers attention to your subject first<br />
    9. 9. Framing<br />Using other elements in the photo to frame your subject naturally<br />This will help draw the viewers eye to your subject<br />
    10. 10. Blur<br />Blur is a good way of showing action or motion<br />Subject is blurry<br />Everything else is in focus<br />
    11. 11. Panning<br />Another good way to show action<br />Focus on and follow your subject as they move<br />you must be moving or following them with your lens<br />Subject will be in focus<br />Everything else will be blurry<br />
    12. 12. Birds-Eye View<br />Shoot from above your subject<br />Stand on something (safely) and shoot down<br />
    13. 13. Worms-Eye View<br />Shoot up at your subject<br />Get low to ground<br />
    14. 14. Must Have People!<br />Photojournalism isn’t “artsy”<br />Make sure there are people in your photos<br />Photos of flowers and trees don’t really help tell your story<br />
    15. 15.
    16. 16. Show/Capture emotion<br />Don’t take boring posed photos<br />Be patient and try to capture that one moment that tells the story<br />
    17. 17.
    18. 18. Candid photos, no posing<br />Don’t capture “say cheese” photos<br />Wait until people aren’t focused on you<br />Capture candid moments<br />
    19. 19.
    20. 20. Chemistry Story with Photos<br />The Story:<br />Academic<br />More students taking AP Chemistry<br />Chemistry lab has new equipment, more experiments<br />Choose Dominant and Contributing Photo<br />Enhances the story<br />Has some compositional elements<br />Pulls your reader in<br />Choose 2 bad photos you wouldn’t use<br />Bad composition<br />Doesn’t help tell the story<br />