THE COLD WAR: THECONFLICTS BETWEENTHE UNITED STATES ANDTHE SOVIET UNIONMatthew Bloom 1st Period
The Cold War After WWII, tension between the USSR and the other allies was growing. The war against Nazi Germany ended, and now it became the war against Communism.
The Yalta Conference of February 1945 Held in Yalta Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned the final stages of WWII. They agreed to the territorial division of Europe.
The Causes of the Cold WarA. Stalin wanted to spread communism into Eastern Europe.B. Stalin felt as though the United States was not consulting the Soviet Union about peace terms for Italy or Japan, defeated and occupied by American and British troops.
The Causes of the Cold War Continued…D. Roosevelt and Churchill rejected Stalin’s view and plans for Europe and made him promise to hold “free elections” in Eastern Europe.E. Stalin ignored this pledge, and went about his plans to take over and install communist governments throughout Eastern Europe.
The Cold War Goals for the United States The United States wanted to contain Communism to the areas that it had already taken over. They believed that Communism eventually destroys itself. They wanted to help any European nation that they could. Thus they created the Marshall Plan.
The Cold War Goals for the SovietUnion. Stalin had two goals in Eastern Europe… (1) He wanted to spread communism into the area (2) He wanted to create a buffer zone of friendly governments as a defense against Germany.
What was the Truman Doctrine?a) Would guide the US for decadesb) It made clear that all Americans would resist Soviet expansion in Europe or elsewhere in the world. Harry Truman
Truman Doctrine continued… c) It was firmly rooted in the idea of containment. d) Instead of trying to go and defeat the Soviets, they wanted to contain it because they believed that Communism would eventually destroy itself.Containment- limiting communism to the areas alreadyunder Soviet control
Actions of the Truman Doctrinee) Truman soon sent military and economic aid and advisers to Greece and Turkey so that they could withstand the communist threat. SO THE WAR BEGINS!!!!!!!!!
Marshal Plan Postwar hunger and poverty made Western European lands fertile ground for communist ideas. What did the US do about it????????
Marshal Plan continued… To strengthen democratic governments, the US offered a massive aid package, called the Marshal Plan. Under this…
Marshall Plan Continued… The US funneled food and economic assistance to Europe to help countries rebuild Billions in American aid helped war- shattered Europe recover rapidly.$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
Marshal Plan continued… President Truman also offered aid to the Soviet Union and its satellites in Eastern Europe Stalin, however saw the plan as a trick to win Eastern Europe over to capitalism and democracy. He forbade E. European countries to accept American aid and promising help from the Soviet Union in its place. Satellites- dependent states
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) BOOM!!!! BOOM!!!! Tensions continued to grow… The US could not go at things alone. BOOM!!!! BOOM!!!!
NATO continued… In 1949, the United States, Canada, and nine Western European countries formed a new military alliance They called this NATO or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NATO continued… Members pledged to help one another if one of them was attacked. What will the Soviet Union think about this!?
Warsaw Pact In 1995, the Soviet responded to NATO It formed its own military alliance…the Warsaw Pact
Warsaw Pact continued… It included… The Soviet Union The Satellites: Bulgaria Czechoslovakia German Democratic Republic (East Germany) Hungary Poland Romania
Warsaw Pact continued… Unlike the NATO, however, the Warsaw Pact was a weapon used by the Soviet Union to keep its Satellites in order… NOT for defense against NATO!!!!!!
Korean War North Korea South Korea VS Supportedby China Supportedby the and the USSR US and the United Nations
Korean War continued… Japan controlled Korea from 1910 to the end of WWII. In 1945, following Japan’s surrender, the US divided the nation. The US occupying the southern part (South Korea) The Soviets occupying the northern part (North Korea)
Korean War continued… South Korea established a NORTH democratic government North Korea established a Communist government SOUTH Tension grew…
Korean War continued… On June 25, 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea The US came to aid in repelling the conflict The UN then joined and they launched a massive counter offensive that drove the N. Koreans back across the border.
Korean War continued… China then joins the fight on the N. Korean’s side. They launched a counter attack that then pushed the UN and the US back across the border
Korean War continued… BOOM The BOOM became a war trench war by 1951 Bombs were continuously BOOM dropped by aircrafts BOOM BOOM
Korean War continued… Accordingfinally The war to US Total Both N. and S. add The war left the causalities up to aboutJuly 27, ended on Korea’s Economies estimates…2.5 milion peninsula divided. 1953 1 million The nearly were North About completely fact: years That’s THREE established a were South Koreans A total Interesting destroyed S.being of 80,000 because of continuous tug- killed, 85% Koreans totalitarian of the captured in the were war. state civilians. fighting! war-like communist war, but only 9,000 1.13 South Soviets The million were released after were killed in North established an the armistice. Korea authoritarian state
Berlin Airlift Stalin’s resentment The former German at western moves to capital was Berlin in East rebuild Germany as occupied by all four Germany a democracy victorious Allies, triggered a crisis even through it lay over Berlin. deep within the Soviet zone.
Berlin Airlift Continued… In 1948, Stalin tried to force the western Allies out of Berlin by sealing off every railroad and highway into the western sectors of the city! No supplies…fuel…or FOOD!!!!!!! OH NOOOO!!!!
Berlin Airlift continued… The Western Their success powers responded forced the Soviets to to the blockade by end the blockade. mounting a round Although the West the clock airlift had won a victory, For 1+year cargo the crisis deepened planes supplied hostilities. West Berliners with food and fuel.
Cuban Missile Crisis The United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba had a major stare off with very lethal missiles.
November 1, 1955- April 30, 1975 The Vietnam War North Vietnam South Vietnam Supported by its VS Supported by the communist allies US and other anticommunist nations.
Vietnam War continued… COMMUNISM DEMOCRACY VS
Vietnam War continued… 500,000 from South Vietnam were killed in action 931,000 from North Vietnam That’s a total of 1,431,000 people!
What will it take………..? What will it take for What will it take for us to learn that war us to learn that doesn’t have to countries are going happen every time to have different someone has a forms of disagreement. government. Does that make them an enemy? NO!