Romantic Period
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Romantic Period



All about the Romantic period of music

All about the Romantic period of music



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    Romantic Period Romantic Period Presentation Transcript

    • Romantic Period 1850-1920
    • Romantic Period
      • Allowed artist freedom, experimentation, and creativity
      • Nationalism became popular
      • Increased use of dissonance and chromaticism
      • Color of the instruments widely used
      • Opera became increasingly popular
      • Virtuoso performers
    • Vocal Music
      • Art song- most important
        • Lyrical
        • Melody- turn written poetry into musical scene that was emotionalized through its music
        • Accompaniment- usually piano helped add emotion
        • Form- through-composed form and strophic form
        • Song cycle- group of poems by one poet set to music by one composer
    • Vocal Music
      • Oratorio- not the main focus anymore
      • Religious choral music- more for festival works than for church music
      • Secular choral music- partly gained popularity back due to increase use of nationalism and interest in folk songs
    • Instrumental Music
      • Beethoven bridged the gap between Classical and Romantic
      • Music with a plot or depicted a scene became important
      • Tone Poem
      • Main instrumental traits
        • Virtuosity
        • Individualism
        • nationalism
    • Instrumental Music- Keyboards
      • Piano
        • became the most popular
        • Versatile instrument
        • Wide dynamic range
        • Sonority
      • Forms
        • Etudes, character pieces, variations, and virtuosos
        • Dance forms- waltz, mazurka, polka, and gallop
    • Symphonic Music- Orchestration
      • Orchestra grew in size and importance
      • More instruments were added
      • Wider range of sounds and emotions
      • Woodwind or horn new favored solo instrument
      • String section experimented
        • Mutes
        • Tremelos
        • Harmonics
        • Pizzicato
        • Double stops
    • Symphonic Music- instruments
      • Woodwind- grew to two or more bassoons, oboes, flutes, and clarinets
        • Color instruments added
      • Brass- valves instruments used such as trumpets, trombones, horns, and tubas
      • Percussion- more percussion instruments were used
        • Xylophones, bells, bass and side drums, gongs, cymbals
      • Strings- number of strings increased
    • Symphonic Music- Forms
      • Symphony- different from the Classical Symphony
        • Freer form of the internal structure
        • Variation on number of movements
        • Creative means of expression
        • Solo voices and choral sounds added
      • Concerto
        • Showpiece for virtuoso soloist and orchestra
      • Symphonic poem (Tone poem)
        • Introduced by Franz Liszet in the mid 1800’s
    • Symphonic Music- Forms
      • Concert overtures
        • Single movement work in sonata-allegro form
      • Symphonic variations
      • Symphonic suites
        • Works in several movements that don’t follow symphonic form
      • Dances
        • Orchestral music written in dance forms
    • Chamber Music
      • Became obsolete
      • Could not match the piano’s warmth of versatility in range and expression
      • Didn’t posses the size, sound, and color of symphony
      • String quartet was the choice of composers
      • Wrote new music for piano- trios, quartets, and quintets
      • Rarest form- solo sonatas for violin and other instruments
    • Composers
      • Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)- composer of numerous waltzes
      • Frederic Chopin (1810-1901)- was the master of the piano in his generation
      • Felix Mendelssohn- Bartholdy (1809-1847)- wrote the Wedding March
      • Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)- master of Italian opera, wrote Madame Butterfly
    • Composers
      • Franz Schubert (1797-1828)- wrote Ava Maria and the Unfinished Symphony
      • Peter Llyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)- composed the music to The Nutcracker
      • Guiseppi Verdi (1813-1901)- great master of opera, wrote Aida for the opening of the Suez Canal