Renaissance Period

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All about the Renaissance period of music

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  • Mass- divided into five sections
  • Renaissance Period

    1. 1. Renaissance Period 1400- 1600
    2. 2. Vocal Music <ul><li>Mass- called Cantus firmus written in polyphonic form and of considerable length </li></ul><ul><li>Motets- sacred choral composition based on Latin text and sung in all voice parts </li></ul><ul><li>Chanson- most popular and common secular music </li></ul><ul><li>Carol- consisted of 2 parts and sung to a religious poem </li></ul>
    3. 3. Franco-Flemish School <ul><li>Composers created new techniques within the popular existing forms </li></ul><ul><li>Canon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 new techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mensuration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Retrograde </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Augmentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Double </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Vocal Music-Roman Catholic forms <ul><li>Parody Mass- complete secular chanson or motet altered to fit the text of the ordinary mass </li></ul><ul><li>Fugal Motets- each successive phrase of text introduced a new concept or theme that was then imitated in other voices </li></ul><ul><li>Laude- most popular non-liturgical form of the time period </li></ul>
    5. 5. Reformation Music <ul><li>Chorale- one of the most important forms to come out of the Protestant Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>Psalms- biblical psalms were translated into French and set to melodies </li></ul><ul><li>Church music in England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Service” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic anthem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verse anthem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anglican Chant </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Secular Music <ul><li>Rivaled sacred music </li></ul><ul><li>National music schools used more and more secular music over sacred </li></ul><ul><li>Secular music flourished in all European courts under nobility </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment for amateur performers </li></ul><ul><li>Composed and performed as chamber music </li></ul>
    7. 7. Instrumental Music <ul><li>Viols- forerunner of the violin </li></ul><ul><li>Lute- used to solo, accompaniment, or ensembles </li></ul><ul><li>Recorder- hollow, end-blown wooden flute </li></ul><ul><li>Shawm- double reed instrument </li></ul><ul><li>Coronets- made out of ivory or wood </li></ul><ul><li>Trumpets and Trombones </li></ul><ul><li>Organs </li></ul><ul><li>Keyboards- clavichord and harpsichord </li></ul>
    8. 8. Musical forms <ul><li>Cantus firmus- basically for church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Played by organist between verses of a hymn sung by a the congregation or choir </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improvisational </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prelude- main form </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Variation- written in many different ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme and Variation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cantus firmus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English Hexachord </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Dance Music <ul><li>Written to accompany social gatherings </li></ul><ul><li>Filled with strong rhythms and repeating sections </li></ul><ul><li>Arranged in groups of 2 or 3 movements </li></ul><ul><li>First section is in a slow tempo, followed by a faster section with a change in meter </li></ul><ul><li>Lute was main instrument used </li></ul>
    10. 10. Composers <ul><li>Josquin Desprez (1440-1521)- most sought after composer in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Johannes Ockeghem (1410-1497)- considered a pioneer of western polyphony </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni Palestrina (1525-1594)- Titled “Prince of Music” </li></ul>
    11. 11. Composers <ul><li>William Byrd (1543-1623)- composed for both Catholic and Protestant Churches </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni Gabrielli (1554-1612)- best known for his perfection of cori spezzati </li></ul><ul><li>Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625)- played and taught music to royalty </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>http://music.barnesandnoble.com/search/results.asp?CTR=3099&z=y </li></ul>

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