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Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
Renaissance Period
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Renaissance Period

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  • Mass- divided into five sections
  • Transcript

    • 1. Renaissance Period 1400- 1600
    • 2. Vocal Music
      • Mass- called Cantus firmus written in polyphonic form and of considerable length
      • Motets- sacred choral composition based on Latin text and sung in all voice parts
      • Chanson- most popular and common secular music
      • Carol- consisted of 2 parts and sung to a religious poem
    • 3. Franco-Flemish School
      • Composers created new techniques within the popular existing forms
      • Canon
        • 4 new techniques
          • Mensuration
          • Retrograde
          • Augmentation
          • Double
    • 4. Vocal Music-Roman Catholic forms
      • Parody Mass- complete secular chanson or motet altered to fit the text of the ordinary mass
      • Fugal Motets- each successive phrase of text introduced a new concept or theme that was then imitated in other voices
      • Laude- most popular non-liturgical form of the time period
    • 5. Reformation Music
      • Chorale- one of the most important forms to come out of the Protestant Reformation
      • Psalms- biblical psalms were translated into French and set to melodies
      • Church music in England
        • “ Service”
        • Catholic anthem
        • Verse anthem
        • Anglican Chant
    • 6. Secular Music
      • Rivaled sacred music
      • National music schools used more and more secular music over sacred
      • Secular music flourished in all European courts under nobility
      • Entertainment for amateur performers
      • Composed and performed as chamber music
    • 7. Instrumental Music
      • Viols- forerunner of the violin
      • Lute- used to solo, accompaniment, or ensembles
      • Recorder- hollow, end-blown wooden flute
      • Shawm- double reed instrument
      • Coronets- made out of ivory or wood
      • Trumpets and Trombones
      • Organs
      • Keyboards- clavichord and harpsichord
    • 8. Musical forms
      • Cantus firmus- basically for church
        • Played by organist between verses of a hymn sung by a the congregation or choir
      • Improvisational
        • Prelude- main form
      • Variation- written in many different ways
        • Theme and Variation
        • Ground
        • Cantus firmus
        • English Hexachord
    • 9. Dance Music
      • Written to accompany social gatherings
      • Filled with strong rhythms and repeating sections
      • Arranged in groups of 2 or 3 movements
      • First section is in a slow tempo, followed by a faster section with a change in meter
      • Lute was main instrument used
    • 10. Composers
      • Josquin Desprez (1440-1521)- most sought after composer in Europe
      • Johannes Ockeghem (1410-1497)- considered a pioneer of western polyphony
      • Giovanni Palestrina (1525-1594)- Titled “Prince of Music”
    • 11. Composers
      • William Byrd (1543-1623)- composed for both Catholic and Protestant Churches
      • Giovanni Gabrielli (1554-1612)- best known for his perfection of cori spezzati
      • Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625)- played and taught music to royalty
    • 12.
      • http://music.barnesandnoble.com/search/results.asp?CTR=3099&z=y

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