Modern/20 th  Century 1900-Present
Modern/20 th  Century <ul><li>Seen as a rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>More refined, vague in form, delicate, and mysterious ...
Trends <ul><li>Impressionism- 1 st  to move away from Romantic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vague in form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Trends <ul><li>Jazz- Dominated the 1900’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly American form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ragtime, B...
Techniques <ul><li>Melody </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Meter </li></ul><ul><li>Tex...
Rhythm <ul><li>New time signatures- odd such as 5/8 </li></ul><ul><li>Asymetrical Grouping- grouping of notes within a mea...
The Role of Melody <ul><li>Not as important </li></ul><ul><li>Scale Bases- borrowed from old Church modes </li></ul><ul><l...
Composers <ul><li>Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most influential composers of the 20 th  century </l...
Composers <ul><li>Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did a lot of Neo-Classicism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ral...
 
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Modern Period

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All about the Modern period of music

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Modern Period

  1. 1. Modern/20 th Century 1900-Present
  2. 2. Modern/20 th Century <ul><li>Seen as a rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>More refined, vague in form, delicate, and mysterious atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t fit into any category that people had seen before </li></ul><ul><li>Many new styles written </li></ul><ul><li>Technology became very important </li></ul>
  3. 3. Trends <ul><li>Impressionism- 1 st to move away from Romantic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vague in form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delicate in nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had mysterious atmosphere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expressionism- emotional and had a Romantic feel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atonal and dissonant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Neo-Classicism- the new classical movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still popular today </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on Classical Period, but also mixed Renaissance and Baroque </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Trends <ul><li>Jazz- Dominated the 1900’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly American form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ragtime, Blues, Swing, Bop, Boogie-Woogie, and Rock and Roll </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aleatory or Chance Music- extremely random style of music (no rules) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Randomly picked musical materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvises to make more strange </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Electric-newest trend </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronically generated sounds turned to music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed on either a synthesizer or computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combo with Jazz </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Techniques <ul><li>Melody </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Meter </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Tonality </li></ul><ul><li>Sonority </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rhythm <ul><li>New time signatures- odd such as 5/8 </li></ul><ul><li>Asymetrical Grouping- grouping of notes within a measure to yield new rhythmic effects </li></ul><ul><li>Non-metric meter- took out the bar line </li></ul><ul><li>Polymetric meter- 2 or more meter used at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Multimetric meter- frequent changes in meter </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced bar line- made the bar line seem misplaced or it had shifted </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Role of Melody <ul><li>Not as important </li></ul><ul><li>Scale Bases- borrowed from old Church modes </li></ul><ul><li>Texture- contrapuntal textures dominated </li></ul><ul><li>Sonority- </li></ul><ul><li>Serialism- repeating series of rhythms, dynamics, tones, or timbres </li></ul><ul><li>Twelve-tone music- series of twelve different pitches called a tone row </li></ul>
  8. 8. Composers <ul><li>Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most influential composers of the 20 th century </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aaron Copland (1900-1990) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the first major composers asked to write a piece of music for the radio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>George Gershwin (1898-1934) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote Rhapsody in Blue and Porgy and Bess </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charles Ives (1874-1954) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typical characteristics of his music was off-key singing, squeaky and out of tune violin playing, and the wheeze of the harmonium </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Composers <ul><li>Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did a lot of Neo-Classicism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ralph Vaughn Williams (1872-1958) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composer in almost every category of music </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Britten (1913-1976) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote War Requiem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bela Bartok (1881-1945) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion </li></ul></ul>
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