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The five major religion

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  • Copyright © 2002 Glenna R. Shaw and FTC Publishing All Rights Reserved
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Five Major Religions Worked By : Maviolda Daka
    • 2. Places of worship
    • 3. Where are the Religions?
    • 4.  
    • 5. Christian Church Lets take a closer look at this church. What do we notice? It has a tall steeple. Large stain glassed windows and… if you looked at it from above you would see it’s the shape of a cross. Do you know anything interesting about Churches?
    • 6.  
    • 7. Hindu Temple Lets take a closer look at this Mandir. What do we notice? It doesn’t have a door. Its open so that Hindus can be closer to God. It has a rounded roof. Can anyone tell me anything else that’s interesting about the Mandir?
    • 8.  
    • 9. Muslim Mosque Lets take a closer look at this Mosque. What do we notice? It’s a very grand place. It has a rounded roof. Much of it is made out of gold. It is extremely large. Can anyone tell me anything else that’s interesting about the Mosque?
    • 10. Religion
      • Compare and contrast the tenets of the five major world religions (i.e., Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism).
    • 11. Main Menu Christianity Islam Hinduism Judaism Buddhism
    • 12. Christianity
      • The early Hebrews who eventually developed into the Jewish religion became the foundation of Christianity.
      • Jesus, or the Messiah, was a Jewish boy who disagreed with some of the Jewish principles of his day began to profess a new way of thinking.
      • This eventually led to the beginning of the Christian religion.
    • 13. Christianity
      • Christianity started about 2000 years ago about the same time of Jesus.
      • The central point of Christian belief is that God, the Father, entered into human history as the Son, Jesus of Nazereth, and arose as the Holy Spirit. 
    • 14. Christian Philosophy
      • God is the Creator of the universe. There is one God, Who is Three  Persons-      Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
      • Jesus is both fully man and fully God.  He was born of the Virgin Mary  Crucified, resurrected from the dead, and ascended to the Father.
    • 15. Christian Philosophy
      • Sin and Evil are realities in our existence.
      • The Bible is the Holy Book that records God's revelation.
      • All believers are promised life everlasting.
      • The leader of Christianity was Jesus, and the followers was his 12 disciples.
    • 16. Buddhism
      • Founding person of Buddhism is Guatama, the Buddha
      • The Dalai Lama is a Buddhist monk who remains the leader of the Tibetans.
      • Buddhism is a major religion in China, Japan, India, and Tibet.
    • 17. The Major Philosophy of Buddhism
      • Love: without conditions
      • Compassion: or feeling at one with the person who is suffering
      • Sympathetic Joy:Celebrate the happiness of others, and do not resent their good fortune.
      • Impartiality: Treat everyone equally, and do not use others for personal gain or to win approval.
    • 18. The Major Philosophy of Buddhism
      • Buddhism states that existence is a continuing cycle of death and rebirth called reincarnation.
      • Each person's position in life is determined by his or her behavior in the previous life. This is known as their "karma" (also a Hindu belief).
    • 19. Buddhism
      • Buddhism is the world's oldest universal religion and it is the second fastest growing religion.     
    • 20. Islam
      • ISLAM is the name given to the religion preached by the prophet Muhammad in the 600s A. D.
      • The Islamic religion started in the area known as Palestine in the year 600AD.
      • It has about 850 million followers, most of them in the region north and east of the Mediterranean Sea.
    • 21. Islam
      • The holy book of Islam is the "Koran." Muslims believe its words to be those of Allah himself, spoken to Muhammad by an angel.
      • Allah, is the Islamic God.
      • People who believe these ideas are called Muslims.
    • 22. Islamic Philosophy
      • Muslims learn that life on earth is a period of testing and preparation for the life to come.
      • Angels record good and bad deeds.
      • People should behave themselves and help others, trusting in Allah's justice and mercy for their reward.
    • 23. Islam
      • Muslims pray five times daily in their mosques (churches).
      • While praying, they face the holy city of Mecca (in Saudi-Arabia) and sometimes kneel with faces to the ground.
      • All Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage (trip to a sacred place) to Mecca at least once in their lifetime.
    • 24. Hinduism
      • HINDUISM is one of the world's oldest religions.
      • Over 2/3's of the world's Hindus live in India; large numbers reside in Africa also.
      • Hindus believe in many gods, numbering into the thousands. They recognize one supreme spirit called Brahman ("the Absolute.")
    • 25. Hindu Philosophy
      • Hindus believe in many gods, numbering into the thousands.
      • They recognize one supreme spirit called Brahman (the Absolute).
      • The goal of Hindus is to someday join with Brahman.
      • Until that union takes place, believers are in a continuous process of rebirth called "reincarnation."
    • 26. Hindu Philosophy
      • At death, the Hindu's deeds (karma) determine what the next life will be.
      • Followers work to break this cycle--birth, death, re-birth-- (referred to by writers as the "Wheel of Life") and gain release.
      • The Hindu's soul then merges with Brahman in a condition of spiritual perfection (moksha).
    • 27. Hinduism
      • Hinduism has many sacred books, the oldest being a series called the "Vedas.“
      • Traditional Hindu society was divided into groups of four classes (or varnas). This was known as the "caste system."
    • 28. Judaism
      • JUDAISM is a religion of just one people: the Jews.
      • JUDAISM was the first to teach belief in only one God. Two other important religions developed from Judaism: Christianity and Islam.
    • 29. Judaism
      • Jews think that God will send a Messiah (a deliverer) to unite them and lead them in His way.
      • Christians believe that Jesus was the Messiah. The Jewish people do not agree; they anticipate His arrival in the future.
      • Judaism teaches that death is not the end and that there is a world to come.
    • 30. Judaism
      • The "Torah," the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, is the most important Jewish scripture.
      • It contains the basic laws of Judaism.
      • Another important book is the "Talmud," serving primarily as a guide to the civil and religious laws of Judaism.
    • 31. Judaism
      • The Jewish house of worship is called a synagogue.
      • Rabbis (spiritual leaders) conduct services, act as interpreters of Jewish laws, and deliver sermons.
      • Today there are over 18 million followers of Judaism scattered throughout the world. A large number of those people live in the Jewish nation of Israel. Over six million live in the United States.
    • 32. Jewish Philosophy
      • God is one and unique
      • God is the creator
      • God is transcendent
      • God is immanent.
      • God is lawgiver
      • God is personal
      • We have the obligation to worship
      • The Torah is God's law
      • God is judge
      • The Messiah will come.
    • 33. Now look again at these places of worship. Can you tell me what Religion they belong too?
    • 34. Thank you for your attention