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    Cocchiimportanceofbioenergytomeetitalianretarg Cocchiimportanceofbioenergytomeetitalianretarg Presentation Transcript

    • etaflorence  renewableenergies The Role of Bioenergy Trade  to Meet the Italian RE  targets  Maurizio Cocchi Workshop “International Trade  of Bioenergy Commodities” Rome 21 October 2010 etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • etaflorence  renewableenergiesWHO WE AREEtaflorence  is  an  engineering  and  consultancy  firm  which  is  active  in  the field of renewable energy since 1994.WHAT WE DO promotion, development, design and integration of renewable energy  systemsPlanning, design and engineering of RE systems Consultancy to public and private organizations Participation to EU and international projectsOrganization of conferences and events (i.e. European Biomass Conference and Exhibition) Member of IEA Bioenergy Task 40 etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • The Italian Bioenergy sector: Biomass Heating and Power Biomass power plants (source GSE and Terna statistics 2009 elab.) 53 plants operating in 2009 27 plants producing only electricity 299 MWe installed capacity 26  plants working in cogeneration (CHP) 174 MWe installed capacity Total installed capacity 473 MWe Annual solid biomass demand: 3‐4 Million t/y •Biomass derived from domestic forestry and agricultural sources but  also from imports  •Share of imported biomass (PKS – Woodchips – olive cake) estimated  in the range of “some” hundreds of thousands tons/y Sources: ITABIA– 2008,GSE 2010 – Terna 2010 etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • The Italian Bioenergy sector: Biomass Heating and Power District heating plants •200 plants operating •400 MWth installed capacity •750 km DH network length •14‐16.000 users reached •450.000 tons/y  annual biomass demand •100 Mil. € turnover •District heating plants located mainly in Northern Italy  •Biomass derived mainly from local forestry and wood  industries  •Woodchips are the main feedstock  etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • The Italian Bioenergy sector: Biomass Heating and PowerResidential Heating1.000.000 pellet stoves (< 15 kW)+ 10%  sale in 2009 – steady growth (7‐10%/y) foreseen in the next yearsThe Italian pellet market No. of pellet producersItaly is one of the largest pellet markets  for residential heatingaccounts for 10‐12% of the EU pellet market and 9% of EU pellet productionProduction:   700.000‐750.000 tConsumption:  0.9‐1.2 mil. tonsImport: 250.000 t 25% of demandAustria – Germany ‐ Eastern European countries main suppliers of imported pellets etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • The Italian Bioenergy Sector: BiodieselIn 2009 : (Source: PoliMi and Assocostieri) 15 operating plants + 4 under construction2.3Million tons of production capacity (3° in EU behind Germany and France)1.17 mil. Tons distributes700.000 tons production464.000 tons imports90.000 tons exports (source: Assocostieri)Roughly 1/3 of biodiesel is imported (from USA‐Germany‐NL‐France)Feedstock for biodiesel (rapeseed‐soybean) are also largely imported (France – Germany – Spain, Argentina – Canada – South America) 2008 (Jan‐Oct) source: F.O.Lichts etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • Italian Bioenergy Sector: Bioliquids 2009 (source GSE) Expected new bioliquid plants (dec. 2009)•113 plants operating 250 units•600 MWe installed capacity•95% running on pure vegetal oilEstimated demand of 1 million tons of pure vegetal oil – largely imported  wind bioliquids•Significant growth expected in this sector Estimated new installed capacity from   but bioliquid plants  (2009) 1.500 MWe•Need to deal with RED sustainability requirements wind bioliquids etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • Italian Bioenergy Sector: BioethanolOnly 2 large producers of bioethanol for transports with production capacity 215.000 t /y  CAVIRO: 43.000 t/y I.M.A.: 172.00 t/yProduction in 2009: 105.000 tonsBioethanol almost entirely converted into ETBE and used as an additiveUncertainties in the regulatory framework have negatively  affected the development of this sector Many oil companies in Italy import ETBE directly(Source: PoliMi – Energy strategy Group) etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • Forecasts Biofuels in transports in Italian nREAP Contribution in the transport sector 2010 2020 Bioethanol/ETBE 148 ktoe 600 ktoe (imported) 19  100 (16%) Biodiesel 868 ktoe 1.880 ktoe (imported) 73 800 (42%)Only referred to imports of biofuels as such not including imports of  raw material  A relevant share of biofuels will derive from imports Biodiesel Bioethanol/ETBE etaflorence  renewableenergies Rome – 21 October 2010
    • Forecasts of Bioenergy contribution in Italian nREAP Expected contribution to total final  energy consumptionSolid Biomass 2010 2020 2.206 ktoe 5.254 ktoe  + 138%Biomass (residential heating) 1.471 ktoe 3.620 ktoe + 146%Bioliquids 7        ktoe 150    ktoe + 2042% Contribution to the heating sector Biomass Heat pumps Geothermal etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • Forecasts of Bioenergy contribution in Italian nREAP Contribution in the eletricity sector 2010 2020 Solid Biomass 4.785 GWh 7.900 GWh  + 65% Bioliquids 1.758 GWh 4.860 GWh + 176% Gross electricity production Hydro Wind biomassbioliquids etaflorence  renewableenergies Rome – 21 October 2010
    • Most of the Italian bioenergy sectors are already involvedin trade of biomass or refined products Some factors influencing trade of biomass in Italy •Cost competitiveness of some imported raw materials or biofuels  compared to domestic raw materials •Need to integrate discontinuous availability of domestic raw  materials, fragmentation of market operators (i.e. pellet industry) local territory not always ready to supply large volumes of biomass •Uncertain/unstable regulatory framework causes:  delaying the development of the domestic biofuels supply  chains and infrastructures (i.e. bioethanol‐biofuels)  forcing operators to export their products etaflorence  renewableenergies 12Rome – 21 October 2010
    • Conclusions etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • etaflorence  renewableenergies Thanks for your attention Contact: maurizio.cocchi@etaflorence.it etaflorence  renewableenergiesRoma – 14 Gennaio 2009
    • The Italian Bioenergy Sector: Biogas•240 operating plants in 2009 (source GSE)•157 MWe installed capacity•Growing interest in the agricultural sector•Potential to contribute significantly to the share of RE from bioenergy •Feedstock: sewage sludge, organic waste, manure, energy crops Not affected by trade etaflorence  renewableenergiesRome – 21 October 2010
    • Italian Forecast Document according to art. 4 of Renewable Energy Directive Estimation of “Required use of means other than domestic  production to achieve 17% target in 2020” “…need for a  ‘foreign’ contribution  of  around 4.0 Mtoe, made up of: ‐2.9 Mtoe from biofuels produced abroad  or  produced  in  Italy  from  imported  biomass Published on  EC DG Energy  ‐1.1  Mtoe  from  foreign  contributions  in  Transparency Platform various  forms (e.g.  electricity  imports,  joint  projects  with  EU  and  non‐EU  countries, statistical transfer)… “ etaflorence  renewableenergies 16Rome – 21 October 2010