Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Timeline Of Modernist Architecture 30.11.2009
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Timeline Of Modernist Architecture 30.11.2009

4,447
views

Published on

The buildings designed by Leon Krüger Architects (“LKA”) contextualised within the development of Modernist Architecture from the 1940s to 2003

The buildings designed by Leon Krüger Architects (“LKA”) contextualised within the development of Modernist Architecture from the 1940s to 2003


0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,447
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
155
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. TIMELINE OF
    MODERNIST ARCHITECTURE
    +
    DESIGNS BY LEON KRÜGER ARCHITECTS
    The buildings designed by Leon Krüger Architects (“LKA”) contextualised within the development of Modernist Architecture from the 1940s to 2003
  • 2. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    Style
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
  • 3. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
  • 4. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
  • 5. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    1950 onwards Postmodern Architecture
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
    (Left) PORTLAND USA PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING – Post-modernist Architecture continues to influence present-day architecture - return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism.
    LKA - GNLD Distr. Centre,
    Longmeadow,
    Johannesburg, 2006
  • 6. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    1950 onwards Postmodern Architecture
    1940s to 1960s Googie Architecture
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
    (Left) PORTLAND USA PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING – Post-modernist Architecture continues to influence present-day architecture - return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism.
    LKA - GNLD Distr. Centre,
    Longmeadow,
    Johannesburg, 2006
    (Left) MCDONNELL PLANETARIUM - A subdivision of expressionist, or futurist architecture - upswept roofs and, often, curvaceous, geometric shapes, and bold use of glass, steel and neon.
    LKA- Nestlé Distr. Centre,
    New Germany,
    KwaZulu-Natal, 1994
  • 7. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    1950 onwards Postmodern Architecture
    1940s to 1960s Googie Architecture
    1980s – Critical Regionalism
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
    (Left) PORTLAND USA PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING – Post-modernist Architecture continues to influence present-day architecture - return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism.
    LKA - GNLD Distr. Centre,
    Longmeadow,
    Johannesburg, 2006
    (Left) MCDONNELL PLANETARIUM - A subdivision of expressionist, or futurist architecture - upswept roofs and, often, curvaceous, geometric shapes, and bold use of glass, steel and neon.
    LKA- Nestlé Distr. Centre,
    New Germany,
    KwaZulu-Natal, 1994
    LKA –
    TongaRural
    Hospital,
    Mpumalanga
    1997
    (Right) SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE - Uses contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning – emphasising topography, climate, light, tectonic form and the tactile sense.
  • 8. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    1950 onwards Postmodern Architecture
    1940s to 1960s Googie Architecture
    1980s – Critical Regionalism
    Late 1980s
    Deconstructivism
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
    (Left) PORTLAND USA PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING – Post-modernist Architecture continues to influence present-day architecture - return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism.
    LKA - GNLD Distr. Centre,
    Longmeadow,
    Johannesburg, 2006
    (Left) MCDONNELL PLANETARIUM - A subdivision of expressionist, or futurist architecture - upswept roofs and, often, curvaceous, geometric shapes, and bold use of glass, steel and neon.
    LKA- Nestlé Distr. Centre,
    New Germany,
    KwaZulu-Natal, 1994
    LKA –
    TongaRural
    Hospital,
    Mpumalanga
    1997
    (Right) SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE - Uses contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning – emphasising topography, climate, light, tectonic form and the tactile sense.
    LKA –
    Federated
    Forum
    Building,
    Pretoria,
    1983
    (Right) IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, MANCHESTER, UK - Fragmentation, non-linear processes of design, distortion and dislocation of structure and envelope - move away from 'rules' of modernism such as "form follows function” & "purity of form“.
  • 9. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    1950 onwards Postmodern Architecture
    1940s to 1960s Googie Architecture
    1980s – Critical Regionalism
    Late 1980s
    Deconstructivism
    2000 onwardsSustainable Architecture
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
    (Left) PORTLAND USA PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING – Post-modernist Architecture continues to influence present-day architecture - return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism.
    LKA - GNLD Distr. Centre,
    Longmeadow,
    Johannesburg, 2006
    (Left) MCDONNELL PLANETARIUM - A subdivision of expressionist, or futurist architecture - upswept roofs and, often, curvaceous, geometric shapes, and bold use of glass, steel and neon.
    LKA- Nestlé Distr. Centre,
    New Germany,
    KwaZulu-Natal, 1994
    LKA –
    TongaRural
    Hospital,
    Mpumalanga
    1997
    (Right) SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE - Uses contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning – emphasising topography, climate, light, tectonic form and the tactile sense.
    LKA –
    Federated
    Forum
    Building,
    Pretoria,
    1983
    (Right) IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, MANCHESTER, UK - Fragmentation, non-linear processes of design, distortion and dislocation of structure and envelope - move away from 'rules' of modernism such as "form follows function” & "purity of form“.
    (Right) K2 APARTMENTS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA - Environmentally-conscious design techniques – Focus on energy efficiency.
    LKA - HitachiOffices,
    Boksburg, 2008
  • 10. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    1950 onwards Postmodern Architecture
    1940s to 1960s Googie Architecture
    1980s – Critical Regionalism
    Late 1980s
    Deconstructivism
    2000 onwardsSustainable Architecture
    2003 onwards
    Blobitecture
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
    (Left) PORTLAND USA PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING – Post-modernist Architecture continues to influence present-day architecture - return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism.
    LKA - GNLD Distr. Centre,
    Longmeadow,
    Johannesburg, 2006
    (Left) MCDONNELL PLANETARIUM - A subdivision of expressionist, or futurist architecture - upswept roofs and, often, curvaceous, geometric shapes, and bold use of glass, steel and neon.
    LKA- Nestlé Distr. Centre,
    New Germany,
    KwaZulu-Natal, 1994
    LKA –
    TongaRural
    Hospital,
    Mpumalanga
    1997
    (Right) SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE - Uses contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning – emphasising topography, climate, light, tectonic form and the tactile sense.
    LKA –
    Federated
    Forum
    Building,
    Pretoria,
    1983
    (Right) IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, MANCHESTER, UK - Fragmentation, non-linear processes of design, distortion and dislocation of structure and envelope - move away from 'rules' of modernism such as "form follows function” & "purity of form“.
    (Right) K2 APARTMENTS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA - Environmentally-conscious design techniques – Focus on energy efficiency.
    LKA - HitachiOffices,
    Boksburg, 2008
    (Right) LONDON CITY
    HALL Buildings with
    organic, amoeba-
    shaped, bulging
    forms.
    LKA - SandhurstOffices,
    Johannesburg, 2006
  • 11. 1940s to 1970s
    International
    style
    1950s onwards Brutalist Architecture
    1970 onwards High-tech Architecture
    1950 onwards Postmodern Architecture
    1940s to 1960s Googie Architecture
    1980s – Critical Regionalism
    Late 1980s
    Deconstructivism
    2000 onwardsSustainable Architecture
    2003 onwards
    Blobitecture
    LKA - Sunninghill
    Hospital,
    Johannesburg,
    1991
    LKA –
    Republic
    Observatory,
    Sutherland,
    1978
    (Left) SEAGRAM BUILDING - The International style epitomises the modernist architectural movement of the 20th century - Form follows Function - simplified form and elimination of ornamentation - stark, uncompromisingly rectangular geometry.
    (Left) J EDGAR HOOVER BUILDING, WASHINGTON - From the French “béton brut” (raw concrete) - Use of concrete, striking repetitive angular geometries and the exposure of the building's functions in the exterior of the building.
    LKA - CSIR Convention
    Centre, Pretoria, 1975
    (Left) HSBC HONG KONG - A bridge between modernism and post-modernism - incorporates elements of high-tech industry & technology - visual emphasis internal steel and/or concrete skeletal structure - clear glass façade, visible network of support beams exposed behind it.
    LKA –
    Grosvenor
    Corner,
    Johannesburg,
    1996
    (Left) PORTLAND USA PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING – Post-modernist Architecture continues to influence present-day architecture - return of "wit, ornament and reference" to architecture in response to the formalism of the International Style of modernism.
    LKA - GNLD Distr. Centre,
    Longmeadow,
    Johannesburg, 2006
    (Left) MCDONNELL PLANETARIUM - A subdivision of expressionist, or futurist architecture - upswept roofs and, often, curvaceous, geometric shapes, and bold use of glass, steel and neon.
    LKA- Nestlé Distr. Centre,
    New Germany,
    KwaZulu-Natal, 1994
    LKA –
    TongaRural
    Hospital,
    Mpumalanga
    1997
    (Right) SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE - Uses contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning – emphasising topography, climate, light, tectonic form and the tactile sense.
    LKA –
    Federated
    Forum
    Building,
    Pretoria,
    1983
    (Right) IMPERIAL WAR MUSEUM, MANCHESTER, UK - Fragmentation, non-linear processes of design, distortion and dislocation of structure and envelope - move away from 'rules' of modernism such as "form follows function” & "purity of form“.
    (Right) K2 APARTMENTS, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA - Environmentally-conscious design techniques – Focus on energy efficiency.
    LKA - HitachiOffices,
    Boksburg, 2008
    (Right) LONDON CITY
    HALL Buildings with
    organic, amoeba-
    shaped, bulging
    forms.
    LKA - SandhurstOffices,
    Johannesburg, 2006