Climate change is happeningWe have two choices Prepare for it Do nothing Obtain relevant literature Organize workshops to inform all relevant stakeholders Plan for the future Ignore the evidence Carry on as usual Hope it’s all based on wrong data
Some interesting facts High-income countries, with one-sixth of the world's population, are responsible for nearly two-thirds of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. However, Brazil produces more CO2 per head than Germany Whereas the Stern repost calculated that the agreed maximum tolerable 2°C rise in global temperature will cost about 1% of world GDP, the World Bank, in its new World Development Report now says the cost to Africa will be more like 4% of GDP and to India, 5% A study for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology forecast that yields of the main Indian crops would decline by a further 4.5-9% over the next 30 years because of climate change the United States and China account for more than 40 percent of carbon emissions, roughly divided between both.
Challenging times Climate-change policy is no longer a simple choice between growth and ecological well-being. It implies a whole redefinition of sustainability, taking into account an unstable environment High income countries are responsible for 64 percent of historical cumulative carbon emissions. Yet developing countries will bear up to 80 percent of the damages brought about by climate change.
So, what to do? Read ICO compilation of latest information on climate change and coffee and link with CoffeeClubNetwork Climate change and coffee community Check with local/national government agencies what programmes are already in place Check with international agencies such as UNFCCC Make sure coffee is present in the country’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) if you have one
What’s in ICO’s Climate change and coffee 1. Overview of climate change and agriculture
Global climate models
Climate change scenarios
Other relevant aspects
2. Possible effects of climate change on coffee production Temperature Fall in quality Yields Pests and diseases Irrigation Global output
3. Strategies for mitigation and adaptation in the coffee sector
Mitigation: involves taking actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to enhance sinks aimed at reducing the extent of global warming.
Adaptation: involves taking action to minimize the effects of global warming.
Adaptation strategies for the coffee sector
Detailed monitoring of changes in climate and production
Detailed mapping of likely climate change within each coffee region
Migration of coffee crops towards higher altitudes
A strategy to facilitate diversification out of coffee when inevitable
Evaluation of adaptation techniques such as shade management
4. Views of stakeholders 5. Current and future funds for mitigation and adaptation According to the World Bank, to keep global warming down to an increase of 2°C would cost anything from $140 billion to $675 billion a year in developing countries—but only $8 billion a year are currently available for climate-change mitigation. The $75 billion cost of adapting to global warming similarly overwhelms the $1 billion a year available to them.