Masterclass
Chokepoints in Corridors
Chokepoints in corridors
Perspective on bottlenecks in
European transport networks
December 12, 2013
STC-Group,
Lloydstraa...
Maurice Jansen – STC-Group
Bart Kuipers – Smart Port
Patrick Witte – Utrecht University
Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenk...
Master Class
Knowledge platform for young port professionals

Platform for knowledge exchange between education, business
...
Chokepoints in corridors
Time

Speaker

17:00 hrs
17:15 hrs Maurice Jansen
Senior Manager Innovation, Research &
Developme...
Erasmus Smart Port Rotterdam

SMART PORT
Maurice Jansen – STC-Group
Bart Kuipers – Smart Port
Patrick Witte – Utrecht University
Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenk...
Smart Port: focus
• Educating students witch knowledge and skills demanded by the
port businesses: multidisciplinary
• Edu...
Erasmus Smart Port Rotterdam
Smart Port research agenda
Operational Excellence in Ports and Networks
Drivers for Green Port Related Operations
Governan...
Chokepoints in Corridors
Perspectives on bottlenecks
in European transport networks

Masterclass HBO in de Haven / SmartPo...
-

Bachelor Human Geography (2006 – 2009)
Honours College Geosciences (2007 – 2009)
Master Urban Planning (2009 – 2010) cu...
Maurice Jansen – STC-Group
Bart Kuipers – Smart Port
Patrick Witte – Utrecht University
Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenk...
The Corridor Chronicles:
Integrated perspectives on European
transport corridor development
CODE24: Rotterdam-Genoa
CODE24: transport bottlenecks
threaten the economic and
spatial potential of corridors
“Lorelei accident is
damaging
the image of
inland navigation”

“Dutch Railways are
responsible for
covering financial
defi...
Bottleneck:
A narrow section of a road or junction
that impedes traffic flow
(Oxford Dictionary)

Technical capacity:
The ...
Congestion
Harmonisation & standardisation
Lack of land for expansion
Physical barriers
Effects of decisions
Institutional fragmentation
Competition & market behaviour
Costs & effects of investments
Infrastructure

Spatial structure

Functional

Physical

Morphological

Organisational

Governance structure

Economic str...
Expert interviewing (2010)
Technical
Track length
Track capacity
Train length
Security systems
Voltage systems
Slot incomp...
Pilot case-study (2011)
Third track Emmerich – Oberhausen
Fluent freight traffic vs. local noise nuisance
Integrative conc...
Theoretical framework (2012)

“One-sided logistics
perspective fails
to grasp the
integrative and
complex nature of
the pr...
Empirical application (2013)
Empirical application (2013)
Empirical application (2013)
Conclusions
Observed from practice: multiple bottlenecks
Theory lacks insight into scales & dimensions
Theoretical framewo...
Chokepoints in Corridors
Perspectives on bottlenecks
in European transport networks

Masterclass HBO in de Haven / SmartPo...
Maurice Jansen – STC-Group
Bart Kuipers – Smart Port
Patrick Witte – Utrecht University
Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenk...
Rail

Masterclass
12 December 2013 - Rotterdam
‚Perspectives on bottlenecks in European transport networks‘
DB Schenker Ra...
Agenda

Overview DB Schenker Rail

Vision & core business activities DB Schenker Rail

Bottlenecks and challenges in Europ...
DB Schenker Rail offers its customers
a comprehensive European network

DB Schenker Rail in Europe

DB SR Scandinavia

DB ...
Agenda

Overview DB AG / DB Schenker Rail

Vision & core business activities DB Schenker Rail

Bottlenecks and challenges ...
Our vision is to be Best Choice on European Tracks

Quality and Service
Provider
High quality and
reliability for our clie...
Our strategy is based on a strong European network

244
3

36
14

406

8

256
38
276

186
516

222
284

1

European networ...
By 144 CT trains per week from/to Rotterdam area
DB SR shows a strong market position

CT-Traffics DB Schenker Rail from/t...
Agenda

Overview DB AG / DB Schenker Rail

Vision & core business activities DB Schenker Rail

Bottlenecks and challenges ...
Latest news show a significantly changed situation in the
Port of Rotterdam with consequences for the Rail sector

 What ...
… and other challenges along the European rail
transport corridors for DB Schenker Rail

European
network

Raillogistics

...
Maurice Jansen – STC-Group
Bart Kuipers – Smart Port
Patrick Witte – Utrecht University
Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenk...
STC Rotterdam 12-12-2013
Chokepoints in corridors
Take the better route!
Contargo at a glance
Founded

2004

Workforce

800

Annual transport volume

1.7 million TEU

Turnover (2011)

400 million...
Contargo´s core product: container hinterland transport
Container delivery / collection

Empty container-Depot

Seaport de...
Multimodal Container Transport


Barge


Reliable, low-priced and environmentally friendly
Serves almost all terminals i...
The Contargo Network

Take the better route!
Contargo stellt sich vor |

© 2013 Contargo
5
Transport Lanes


Transport lanes function like ''conveyor belts''



Fixed (sailing) schedules



Reliable delivery

...
Lanes entry- and exit points


Functionality of transport lanes depend on the
functioning of the transportmode as well as...
Focus on chokepoints at the Seaports
A variety of ''conveyor belts'' are bundled at the seaport
Not all ''belts'' run at t...
Questions?
»
»
»
»
»

Take the better route!

Cok Vinke
Managing Director
Contargo Waterway Logistics BV
+31 (0)78 6254600...
Maurice Jansen – STC-Group
Bart Kuipers – Smart Port
Patrick Witte – Utrecht University
Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenk...
Chokepoints in corridors
Perspective Port of Rotterdam Authority

Roy van den Berg –Business Manager Logistics
© Copyright...
Port of Rotterdam Authority

© Copyright - Port of Rotterdam

2
Corridors and bottlenecks
• Important for:
•
•
•
•

International trade
Intermodal transport
Accessibility
Level playing f...
How we deal with inland corridors
Actively influence European, German and national political /
administrative decision-mak...
Questions?

Roy van den Berg
Business Manager Logistics
Containers, Breakbulk & Logistics
+31 (0)10 252 1315
R.Berg@portof...
Discussion
How to stay in contact?

@STCGroupNL

www.stc-nmu.eu
info@stc-nmu.eu
Netherlands
Maritime University
full speed ahead… with your career!
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Master class 12 December 2013 Chokepoints in transport corridors

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Masterclass on chokepoints in transport corridors, centered around research by PhD researcher Patrick Witte, with speakers from DB Schenker, Port of Rotterdam and Contargo Waterway Logistics. This Masterclass is a joint cooperation between Erasmus Smart Port Rotterdam and 'HBO in de Haven'.

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Master class 12 December 2013 Chokepoints in transport corridors

  1. 1. Masterclass Chokepoints in Corridors
  2. 2. Chokepoints in corridors Perspective on bottlenecks in European transport networks December 12, 2013 STC-Group, Lloydstraat 300 Rotterdam
  3. 3. Maurice Jansen – STC-Group Bart Kuipers – Smart Port Patrick Witte – Utrecht University Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenker Rail Cok Vinke – Contargo Waterways Logistics Roy van den Berg – Port of Rotterdam
  4. 4. Master Class Knowledge platform for young port professionals Platform for knowledge exchange between education, business community and association of young port professionals
  5. 5. Chokepoints in corridors Time Speaker 17:00 hrs 17:15 hrs Maurice Jansen Senior Manager Innovation, Research & Development 17:25 hrs Bart Kuipers Senior Research Manage Smartport Subject Reception Introduction Masterclass Introduction Smartport 17:30 hrs Patrick Witte “Chokepoints in the University Utrecht / 1st prize Smart Port PhD Corridor” Poster Session 2012 Researcher Smartport 18:30 hrs Andrea Clasen de Cunto / Bottlenecks in the DB Schenker Intermodal hinterland: pitches by professionals Cok Vinke / Contargo Roy van den Berg / Port of Rotterdam 19:00 hrs 19:15 hrs Discussion Closing
  6. 6. Erasmus Smart Port Rotterdam SMART PORT
  7. 7. Maurice Jansen – STC-Group Bart Kuipers – Smart Port Patrick Witte – Utrecht University Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenker Rail Cok Vinke – Contargo Waterways Logistics Roy van den Berg – Port of Rotterdam
  8. 8. Smart Port: focus • Educating students witch knowledge and skills demanded by the port businesses: multidisciplinary • Educating executives in the port • Flow of knowledge between university and port business: vice versa! • Building competitive advantage for the port and city • Attracting students to Rotterdam: the place to be for port education and research! SMART PORT
  9. 9. Erasmus Smart Port Rotterdam
  10. 10. Smart Port research agenda Operational Excellence in Ports and Networks Drivers for Green Port Related Operations Governance for a Sustainable Port Ports as Nodes in Global Supply Chains Visibility for a Connected Port SMART PORT
  11. 11. Chokepoints in Corridors Perspectives on bottlenecks in European transport networks Masterclass HBO in de Haven / SmartPort Rotterdam – December 12, 2013 Patrick A. Witte MSc | Utrecht University | p.a.witte@uu.nl
  12. 12. - Bachelor Human Geography (2006 – 2009) Honours College Geosciences (2007 – 2009) Master Urban Planning (2009 – 2010) cum laude PhD Candidate CODE-24 (2010 – 2013) PostDoc Urban Planning (2014 – 2016)
  13. 13. Maurice Jansen – STC-Group Bart Kuipers – Smart Port Patrick Witte – Utrecht University Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenker Rail Cok Vinke – Contargo Waterways Logistics Roy van den Berg – Port of Rotterdam
  14. 14. The Corridor Chronicles: Integrated perspectives on European transport corridor development
  15. 15. CODE24: Rotterdam-Genoa
  16. 16. CODE24: transport bottlenecks threaten the economic and spatial potential of corridors
  17. 17. “Lorelei accident is damaging the image of inland navigation” “Dutch Railways are responsible for covering financial deficits Fyra-fiasco” “100 km/hrs on Rotterdam highway is a danger for public health”
  18. 18. Bottleneck: A narrow section of a road or junction that impedes traffic flow (Oxford Dictionary) Technical capacity: The maximum quantity of freight which can be operated on a link (Rothengatter, 1996)
  19. 19. Congestion
  20. 20. Harmonisation & standardisation
  21. 21. Lack of land for expansion
  22. 22. Physical barriers
  23. 23. Effects of decisions
  24. 24. Institutional fragmentation
  25. 25. Competition & market behaviour
  26. 26. Costs & effects of investments
  27. 27. Infrastructure Spatial structure Functional Physical Morphological Organisational Governance structure Economic structure Market conditions Political Institutional Financial
  28. 28. Expert interviewing (2010) Technical Track length Track capacity Train length Security systems Voltage systems Slot incompatibility Free access to ports Connections to terminals Managerial Needless stops Travel time Circulation time Estimated Time of Arrival Knowledge of trains’ priorities Traffic management Cross border slot reassignment Language barriers engine’s drivers • …still a sectoral perspective? • Stated preference for ‘integrated corridor director’ • Discussion: a customer perspective is lacking?
  29. 29. Pilot case-study (2011) Third track Emmerich – Oberhausen Fluent freight traffic vs. local noise nuisance Integrative conception = strategic solution
  30. 30. Theoretical framework (2012) “One-sided logistics perspective fails to grasp the integrative and complex nature of the problems”
  31. 31. Empirical application (2013)
  32. 32. Empirical application (2013)
  33. 33. Empirical application (2013)
  34. 34. Conclusions Observed from practice: multiple bottlenecks Theory lacks insight into scales & dimensions Theoretical framework: integrated analysis First empirical support is promising... ...but do the experts agree?!
  35. 35. Chokepoints in Corridors Perspectives on bottlenecks in European transport networks Masterclass HBO in de Haven / SmartPort Rotterdam – December 12, 2013 Patrick A. Witte MSc | Utrecht University | p.a.witte@uu.nl
  36. 36. Maurice Jansen – STC-Group Bart Kuipers – Smart Port Patrick Witte – Utrecht University Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenker Rail Cok Vinke – Contargo Waterways Logistics Roy van den Berg – Port of Rotterdam
  37. 37. Rail Masterclass 12 December 2013 - Rotterdam ‚Perspectives on bottlenecks in European transport networks‘ DB Schenker Rail Nederland NV Industry Sector Intermodal A. Clasen-De Cunto Utrecht, 10.12.2013 Rail
  38. 38. Agenda Overview DB Schenker Rail Vision & core business activities DB Schenker Rail Bottlenecks and challenges in European transport networks DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013 2 Rail
  39. 39. DB Schenker Rail offers its customers a comprehensive European network DB Schenker Rail in Europe DB SR Scandinavia DB SR UK DB SR Polska DB SR Nederland Cobra DB Schenker Rail 2012 Employees: 31,800 Turnover (EUR): 106 bn Locomotives2: DB SR Hungaria 3,700 Wagons2: ECR France 87 m Performance (tkm): MEG MEG 4.9 bn EBIT (EUR): RBH Logistics RBH Logistics 110,000 1 European Headquarter 2 Ownership and finance lease Source: Actual values 2012, company report DB Schenker Rail DB SR Romania DB SR Schweiz Transfesa DB SR Bulgaria NordCargo 3 Rail
  40. 40. Agenda Overview DB AG / DB Schenker Rail Vision & core business activities DB Schenker Rail Bottlenecks and challenges in European transport networks DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013 4 Rail
  41. 41. Our vision is to be Best Choice on European Tracks Quality and Service Provider High quality and reliability for our clients, delivered safely Top Employer Attractive employer with a common European identity and culture DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013 Our Vision Best choice on European tracks Profitable Market Leader Strong European network and sustainable capability to invest Eco-Pioneer Leading ecological position and responsible behaviour Rail
  42. 42. Our strategy is based on a strong European network 244 3 36 14 406 8 256 38 276 186 516 222 284 1 European network 54  High frequencies 523 56 18  Stable quality 43  EURopean Operations Management (EUROM) 9 Trains per week in both directions starting and ending in Germany, not included trains between other countries; October 2012 Source: L.RBP 11 - Traffic Management Central Corridors DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013 6 Rail
  43. 43. By 144 CT trains per week from/to Rotterdam area DB SR shows a strong market position CT-Traffics DB Schenker Rail from/to Rotterdam area Relation trains per week Germany 52 Italy 44 Netherlands 22 Switzerland 10 Slovakia 10 Austria 6 Total 144  From/to Switzerland/Italy: DB SR is together with the partner Hupac by far the market leader  From/to Germany: DB SR is the largest provider for the German hinterland with direct trains and common traffics with KVG/Kombirail. Northern, Eastern and Southern Germany is offered through the hub in Duisburg in addition to direct trains to the Ruhr and Rhein-/Main-area.  From/to Austria/Slovakia: DB SR offers together with RCA direct trains to Austria and Slovakia.  The mix of continental and maritime trains is 70 to 30 percent. DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013 7 Rail
  44. 44. Agenda Overview DB AG / DB Schenker Rail Vision & core business activities DB Schenker Rail Bottlenecks and challenges in European transport networks DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013 8 Rail
  45. 45. Latest news show a significantly changed situation in the Port of Rotterdam with consequences for the Rail sector  What is the possible rail capacity in which years on the Betuwe-line?  What is the status and possible impact of P3?  What is the impact of the new Maasvlakte 2 area and how can rail volumes be bundled in future?  What is the newest reliable volume forecast for the Port of Rotterdam?  Shift from 20% rail to 20% rail+barge in Modalsplit? DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013 9 Rail
  46. 46. … and other challenges along the European rail transport corridors for DB Schenker Rail European network Raillogistics  Expand market position  Investments in rolling  Close white spots stock (e.g. border crossing traction, „silent wagons‟) within network, e.g. Belgium, Czech Republic  Education programs  EOC – European  Secure margins Operations Center  Develop new segments Operation of terminals Growth Non-Europe  Hub-Functions  Safeguard key  Selective growth with key accounts transports  Take advantage of  Profitable growth highly profitable opportunities, e.g. in NME1  e.g. Daimler Hub, “chemical industry triangle” Burghausen 1 Near Middle East DB Schenker Rail | Clasen-De Cunto | December 2013  Profile restrictions 10 Rail
  47. 47. Maurice Jansen – STC-Group Bart Kuipers – Smart Port Patrick Witte – Utrecht University Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenker Rail Cok Vinke – Contargo Waterways Logistics Roy van den Berg – Port of Rotterdam
  48. 48. STC Rotterdam 12-12-2013 Chokepoints in corridors Take the better route!
  49. 49. Contargo at a glance Founded 2004 Workforce 800 Annual transport volume 1.7 million TEU Turnover (2011) 400 million Euro Terminals at inland ports 27 Take the better route! Contargo stellt sich vor | © 2013 Contargo 2
  50. 50. Contargo´s core product: container hinterland transport Container delivery / collection Empty container-Depot Seaport delivery/ / collection Truck handling Import Inland barge handling Export Rail handling Take the better route! Contargo stellt sich vor | © 2013 Contargo 3
  51. 51. Multimodal Container Transport  Barge  Reliable, low-priced and environmentally friendly Serves almost all terminals in the ARA ports directly, with fixed schedules  Clear advantages along the Rhine and its tributaries   Train   Fast transport mode for inter-terminal hinterland transports across Germany and Europe Truck  A fast, flexible partner for regional transport  Transports urgent assignments just-in-time to destinations in the European hinterland Take the better route! Contargo stellt sich vor | © 2013 Contargo 4
  52. 52. The Contargo Network Take the better route! Contargo stellt sich vor | © 2013 Contargo 5
  53. 53. Transport Lanes  Transport lanes function like ''conveyor belts''   Fixed (sailing) schedules  Reliable delivery   Regular traffics Costefficient Ongoing process between fixed locations  A certain balance in transportvolumes at the entry- and exit points of the lanes is required, to obtain a costefficient transport lane. Take the better route! Contargo stellt sich vor | © 2013 Contargo 6
  54. 54. Lanes entry- and exit points  Functionality of transport lanes depend on the functioning of the transportmode as well as on the fullfilment of the requirements on the lanes entryand exit points.  Requirements at the entry- and exit points  Availabilty of handling capacity  Handling within the required timeframe for the individual transport mode.  Return cargo must be available Take the better route! Contargo stellt sich vor | © 2013 Contargo 7
  55. 55. Focus on chokepoints at the Seaports A variety of ''conveyor belts'' are bundled at the seaport Not all ''belts'' run at the same speed Seavessels and barges mainly use same handling equipment Rail and truck require different handling equipment  Barges usually have to load/unlaod at various terminals within the same call at the seaport. The speed of the various ''conveyor belts'' are predefined by cost/revenue requirements of the individual stakeholders. Consequences  Inefficiency in the supply chain  Reduction of reliablity  Costsavings are not or harder to reach Take the better route! Contargo stellt sich vor | © 2013 Contargo 8
  56. 56. Questions? » » » » » Take the better route! Cok Vinke Managing Director Contargo Waterway Logistics BV +31 (0)78 6254600 cvinke@contargo.net
  57. 57. Maurice Jansen – STC-Group Bart Kuipers – Smart Port Patrick Witte – Utrecht University Andrea Clasen de Cunto – DB Schenker Rail Cok Vinke – Contargo Waterways Logistics Roy van den Berg – Port of Rotterdam
  58. 58. Chokepoints in corridors Perspective Port of Rotterdam Authority Roy van den Berg –Business Manager Logistics © Copyright - Port of Rotterdam 12-12-2013 1
  59. 59. Port of Rotterdam Authority © Copyright - Port of Rotterdam 2
  60. 60. Corridors and bottlenecks • Important for: • • • • International trade Intermodal transport Accessibility Level playing field • Difficulties: • • • • Planning horizon; Financing; Safety systems; Train length. Hinterland © Copyright - Port of Rotterdam 3
  61. 61. How we deal with inland corridors Actively influence European, German and national political / administrative decision-making processes. “Arranged Port” Ensuring adequate hinterland capacity (terminals and connections) © Copyright - Port of Rotterdam 4 4 Actively influencing market players for modal shift or port shift
  62. 62. Questions? Roy van den Berg Business Manager Logistics Containers, Breakbulk & Logistics +31 (0)10 252 1315 R.Berg@portofrotterdam.com Port of Rotterdam © Copyright - Port of Rotterdam 5
  63. 63. Discussion
  64. 64. How to stay in contact? @STCGroupNL www.stc-nmu.eu info@stc-nmu.eu Netherlands Maritime University
  65. 65. full speed ahead… with your career!
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