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  1. 1. Tom Peters’Health(care) Excellence!Part ILeaders in Healthcare/Dubai/22January2006<br />
  2. 2. Slides at …tompeters.com<br />
  3. 3. Part I: Healthcare “Manifesto”Part II: Getting It Done!<br />
  4. 4. Health(care): Seven Main Messages1. Quality (Error reduction/ Evidence-based Medicine)2. “Healthcare” vs. “Health” (Wellness + Prevention)3. “Models of Excellence” available4. Life sciences (“Singularity”)5. Dubai as global/unique/“insanely great” “Center of Excellence”6. Avian flu7. Africa<br />
  5. 5. Manifesto(s)<br />
  6. 6. “Healthcare” vs “Health”<br />
  7. 7. TP’s Healing & Wellness Manifesto2006(1) Acute-care facilities are “killing fields.”(WE KNOW WHAT TO DO.)(2) Shift the “community” focus 90 degrees (not 180, but not 25) from “fix it” to “prevent it.” (WE KNOW WHAT TO DO.)(3) There are three primary aims for “all this”: Wellness-Healing-Health. (WE KNOW WHAT TO DO.)(4) I’m mad as hell and I’m not going to take it anymore. (I KNOW WHAT TO DO.)<br />
  8. 8. Tom’s Rant2006<br />Hospital “quality control,” at least in the U.S.A., is a bad, bad joke: Depending on whose stats you believe, hospitals kill 100,000 or so of us a year—and wound many times that number.Finally, “they” are “getting around to” dealing with the issue. Well, thanks. And what is it we’ve been buying for our Trillion or so bucks a year? The fix is eminently do-able … which makes the condition even more intolerable. (“Disgrace” is far too kind a label for the “condition.” Who’s to blame? Just about everybody, starting with the docs who consider oversight from anyone other than fellow clan members to be unacceptable.)<br />2.The “system”—training, docs, insurance incentives, “culture,” “patients” themselves—is hopelessly-mindlessly-insanely (as I see it) skewed toward fixing things (e.g. me) that are broken—not preventing the problem in the first place and providing the Maintenance Tools necessary for a healthy lifestyle.Sure, bio-medicine will soon allow us to understand and deal with individual genetic pre-dispositions. (And hooray!) But take it from this 63-year old, decades of physical and psychological self-abuse can literally be reversedin relatively short order by an encompassing approach to life that can only be described as a “Passion for Wellness (and Well-being).” Patients—like me—are catching on in record numbers; but “the system” is highly resistant. (Again, the doctors are among the biggest sinners—no surprise, following years of acculturation as the “man-with-the-white-coat-who-will-now-miraculously-dispense-fix it-pills-and-surgical-incisions-for-you-the-unwashed.” (Come to think of it, maybe I’ll start wearing a White Coat to my doctor’s office—after all, I am the Professional-in-Charge when it comes to my Body & Soul. Right?)<br />
  9. 9. “Quality”: COULD IT TRULY BE THIS AWFUL?<br />
  10. 10. “When I climb Mount Rainier I face less risk of death than I’ll face on the operating table.”—Don Berwick, “Six Keys to Safer Hospitals: A Set of Simple Precautions Could Prevent 100,000 Needless Deaths Every Year,” Newsweek (1212.2005)<br />
  11. 11. CDC 1998: 90,000 killed and 2,000,000 injuredfrom hospital-caused drug errors & infections<br />
  12. 12. HealthGrades/Denver: 195,000hospital deaths per year in the U.S., 2000-2002 = 390 full jumbos/747s in the drink per year.Comments: “This should give you pause when you go to the hospital.”—Dr. Kenneth Kizer, National Quality Forum.“There is little evidence that patient safety has improved in the last five years.”—Dr. Samantha CollierSource: Boston Globe/07.27.04<br />
  13. 13. 1,000,000“serious medication errors per year” … “illegible handwriting, misplaced decimal points, and missed drug interactions and allergies.”Source: Wall Street Journal/Institute of Medicine<br />
  14. 14. YE GADS!New England Journal of Medicine/ Harvard Medical Practice Study: 4% error rate (1 of 4 negligence). “Subsequent investigations around the country have confirmed the ubiquity of error.” “In one small study of how clinicians perform when patients have a sudden cardiac arrest, 27 of 30 clinicians made an error in using the defibrillator.” Mistakes in administering drugs (1995 study) “average once every hospital admission.” “Lucian Leape, medicine’s leading expert on error, points out that many other industries—whether the task is manufacturing semiconductors or serving customers at the Ritz Carlton—simply wouldn’t countenance error rates like those in hospitals.”—Complications, Atul Gawande<br />
  15. 15. RAND (1998): 50%, appropriate preventive care. 60%, recommended treatment, per medical studies, for chronic conditions. 20% chronic care treatment that is wrong. 30% acute care treatment that is wrong.<br />
  16. 16. “In a disturbing 1991 study, 110 nurses of varying experience levels took a written test of their ability to calculate medication doses. Eight out of 10 made calculation mistakes at least 10% of the time, while four out of 10 made mistakes 30% of the time.”Demanding Medical Excellence: Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age, Michael Millenson<br />
  17. 17. 20%: not get prescriptions filled50%: use meds inconsistentlySource: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  18. 18. “In health care,geography is destiny.”Source: Dartmouth Medical School 1996 report<br />
  19. 19. Geography Is Destiny“Often all one must do to acquire a disease is to enter a country where a disease is recognized—leaving the country will either curethe malady or turn it into something else.… Blood pressure considered treatably high in the United States might be considered normal in England; and the low blood pressure treated with 85 drugs as well as hydrotherapy and spa treatments in Germany would entitle its sufferer to lower life insurance rates in the United States.”– Lynn Payer, Medicine & Culture<br />
  20. 20. “A healthcare delivery system characterized by idiosyncratic and often ill-informed judgments must be restructured according to evidence-based medical practice.”Demanding Medical Excellence: Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age, Michael Millenson<br />
  21. 21. “Without being disrespectful, I consider the U.S. healthcare delivery system the largest cottage industry in the world.There are virtually no performance measurements and no standards.Trying to measure performance … is the next revolution in healthcare.”Richard Huber, former CEO, Aetna<br />
  22. 22. “Practice variation is not caused by ‘bad’ or ‘ignorant’ doctors. Rather, it is a natural consequence of a system that systematically tracks neither its processes nor its outcomes, preferring to presume that good facilities, good intentions and good training lead automatically to good results. Providers remain more comfortable with the habits of a guild, where each craftsman trusts his fellows, than with the demands of the information age.”Michael Millenson, Demanding Medical Excellence<br />
  23. 23. “As unsettling as the prevalence of inappropriate care is the enormous amount of what can only be called ignorant care.A surprising 85% of everyday medical treatments have never been scientifically validated.… For instance, when family practitioners in Washington State were queried about treating a simple urinary tract infection, 82 physicians came up with an extraordinary 137 strategies.”Demanding Medical Excellence: Doctors and Accountability in the Information Age, Michael Millenson<br />
  24. 24. “Most physicians believe that diagnosis can’t be reduced to a set of generalizations—to a ‘cookbook.’ … How often does my intuition lead me astray?The radical implication of the Swedish study is that the individualized, intuitive approach that lies at the center of modern medicine is flawed—it causes more mistakes than it prevents.”—Atul Gawande, Complications<br />
  25. 25. Deep Blue Redux*: 2,240 EKGs … 1,120 heart attacks. Hans Ohlin (50 yr old chief of coronary care, Univ of Lund/SW) : 620. Lars Edenbrandt’s software: 738.*Only this time it matters!<br />
  26. 26. Dr Larry Weed/POMR (“problem-oriented medical record”)/Etc: “It’s impossible to keep up with the avalanche of knowledge. Therefore it’s essential to use a valid diagnostic-decision aid like Larry’s” —Neil de Crescenzo, VP Global Healthcare/IBM Consulting“There is no other profession that tries to operate in the fashion we do. We go on hallucinating about what we can do.”—Dr Charles Burger (using Weed’s software for 20 years)<br />
  27. 27. PARADOX:Many, many formal case reviews … failure to systematically/ systemically/ statistically look at and act on evidence.Source: Complications, Atul Gawande<br />
  28. 28. Genius Required?<br />
  29. 29. Leapfrog Group:CPOE/Computerized Physician Order Entry*ICU staffing by trained intensivists**EHR/Evidence-based Hospital Referral***Source: HealthLeaders<br />
  30. 30. The Benefits of …FOCUSED EXCELLENCE Shouldice/Hernia Repair: 30-45 min, 1% recurrence. Avg: 90 min, 10%-15% recurrence.Source: Complications, Atul Gawande<br />
  31. 31. About Time!100,000 Lives Campaign**Don Berwick/Institute for Healthcare Improvement<br />
  32. 32. What’s your name? When’s your birthday?<br />
  33. 33. Hospitals Pay AppropriateAttention To Medical ErrorsYes ………………………………. 1%Aware and Trying Hard ……... 8%Aware But Tepid Response … 22%No ………………………………... 25%An Inexcusable Tragedy …….. 44%Source: 12.2005 Poll/tompeters.com<br />
  34. 34. The Necessary IS/Web REVOLUTION<br />
  35. 35. We all live inDell-Wal*Mart-eBay-Google World!<br />
  36. 36. We [almost] all live inDell-Wal*Mart-eBay-Google World!<br />
  37. 37. “Some grocery stores have better technology than our hospitals and clinics.”—Tommy Thompson, HHS SecretarySource: Special Report on technology in healthcare, U.S. News & World Report (07.04)<br />
  38. 38. Computerized Physician Order Entry/CPOE:5%of U.S. hospitalssource: HealthLeaders/06.02<br />
  39. 39. “Our entire facility is digital. No paper, no film, no medical records. Nothing. And it’s all integrated—from the lab to X-ray to records to physician order entry. Patients don’t have to wait for anything. The information from the physician’s office is in registration and vice versa. The referring physician is immediately sent an email telling him his patient has shown up. … It’s wireless in-house. We have 800 notebook computers that are wireless. Physicians can walk around with a computer that’s pre-programmed. If the physician wants, we’ll go out and wire their house so they can sit on the couch and connect to the network. They can review a chart from 100 miles away.” —David Veillette, CEO, Indiana Heart Hospital (HealthLeaders/12.2002)<br />
  40. 40. Health**vs Healthcare<br />
  41. 41. “Sanitary revolution”: mortality in major citiesdown55%between 1850 and 1915Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  42. 42. “Gwen [former healthcare exec] has wonderful health insurance and an abundance of healthcare. What Gwen does not have is health. And there is nothing our health system can do to give it to her.” “The battle cry is always health, but in fact the struggle has always been over healthcare.” “For all its inspiring, high-tech cures, medicine is just not very effective at curing our era’s major killers.” “Medicine doesn’t do much [for] chronic disease.” “When the most common killers of our era are mostly incurable and our preventive treatments pretty feeble, you have to wonder about medical care as a whole.” “There is a widely held view that medical care contributes little to health.”(John Bunker/Journal of the Royal College of Physicians)Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  43. 43. Smoking, drinking, exercise, diet: 40% of deathsSource: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  44. 44. “Our mistake is not that we value medical care—but that we have misunderstood what it can and cannot do.”Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  45. 45. “Curve Shifting”Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen,Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  46. 46. “Bump into factor”: Extra-size portions, eat more. Higher % shelf space snacks, more obesity. More liquor stores, more crime. High vs low fat: Japanese who emigrate to U.S. suffer 3X increase in heart disease.Source: Tom Farley & Deborah Cohen, Prescription for a Healthy Nation<br />
  47. 47. Context Change: The Most Powerful Force (??)Wastebaskets: Japan v U.S.; Christchurch NZ v Sydney AUS**“Broken windows”<br />
  48. 48. +10: Sardinians, Adventists, OkinawansDon’t smoke. Put family first. Be active every day. Keep socially engaged. Eat fruits, vegetables, whole grains.[Other: nuts, red wine, pecorino cheese, small portions.]Source: National Geographic (National Institute on Aging), November 2005<br />
  49. 49. Wellness<br />
  50. 50. “The ‘curative model’ narrowly focuses on the goal of cure. … From many quarters comes evidence that the view of health should be expanded to encompass mental, social and spiritual well-being.”Institute for the Future<br />
  51. 51. “Ontario To Split Health Ministry” —Headline/GlobeAnd Mail /06.05 (New ministry will focus on Prevention/ Wellness/Eldercare)<br />
  52. 52. “Companies Step Up Wellness Efforts: Rising health costs provide incentive to promote healthier employee lifestyles”—headline/USA Today/08.05<br />
  53. 53. “Prevention Program At Dow Chemical Aims To Save Money”—IBD/08.05<br />
  54. 54. Sprint/Overland Park KS: Slow elevators, distant parking lots with infrequent buses, “food court” as “poorly” placed as possible, etc.Source: New York Times<br />
  55. 55. Tom’s Story<br />
  56. 56. Obesity/-79(-36); BP (140-85 to 90-60); Blood sugar (180-87); Blood chemistry (normal+); Cholesterol (140-58); Metabolic rate/RMR (+250); Mental state (dramatic improvement*)<br />
  57. 57. “Fixes”Diet (eg small portions, slow down)Extreme exercise!MeditationDietary supplementsNo alcohol(Psychotropic meds/others reduced)(No work reduction)<br />
  58. 58. Aging reversal!<br />
  59. 59. Determinants of HealthAccess to care: 10%Genetics: 20%Environment: 20%Health Behaviors: 50%Source: Institute for the Future<br />
  60. 60. Planetree: A Radical Model for New Healthcare/Healing/Health/Wellness Excellence<br />
  61. 61. “It was the goal of the Planetree Unit to help patients not only get well faster but also to stay well longer.”—Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  62. 62. The Nine Planetree Practices1. The Importance of Human Interaction2. Informing and Empowering Diverse Populations: Consumer Health Libraries and Patient Information3. Healing Partnerships: The importance of Including Friends and Family4. Nutrition: The Nurturing Aspect of Food5. Spirituality: Inner Resources for Healing6. Human Touch: The Essentials of Communicating Caring Through Massage7. Healing Arts: Nutrition for the Soul8. Integrating Complementary and Alternative Practices into Conventional Care9. Healing Environments: Architecture and Design Conducive to HealthSource: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  63. 63. 1. The Importance of Human Interaction<br />
  64. 64. “There is a misconception that supportive interactions require more staff or more time and are therefore more costly. Although labor costs are a substantial part of any hospital budget, the interactions themselves add nothing to the budget. Kindness is free. Listening to patients or answering their questions costs nothing. It can be argued that negative interactions—alienating patients, being non-responsive to their needs or limiting their sense of control—can be very costly. … Angry, frustrated or frightened patients may be combative, withdrawn and less cooperative—requiring far more time than it would have taken to interact with them initially in a positive way.” —Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  65. 65. Press Ganey Assoc/1999: 139,380 former patients from 225 hospitals0 of top 15 factors determining Patient Satisfaction referred to patient’s health outcomePS directly related to Staff InteractionPS directly correlated with ES(Employee Satisfaction)Source: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  66. 66. 2. Informing and Empowering Diverse Populations: ConsumerHealth Libraries and Patient Information<br />
  67. 67. Planetree Health Resources Center/1981Planetree Classification SystemConsumer Health LibrariansVolunteersClasses, lecturesHealth FairsGriffin’s Mobile Health Resource CenterOpen Chart PolicyPatient Progress NotesCare Coordination Conferences (Est goals, timetable, etc.)Source: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  68. 68. 3. Healing Partnerships: The Importance of IncludingFriends and Family<br />
  69. 69. “When hospital staff members are asked to list the attributes of the ‘perfect patient and family,’ their response is usually a passive patient with no family.”—Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  70. 70. The Patient-Family Experience“Patients are stripped of control, their clothes are taken away, they have little say over their schedule, and they are deliberately separated from their family and friends. Healthcare professionals control all of the information about their patients’ bodies and access to the people who can answer questions and connect them with helpful resources. Families are treated more as intruders than loved ones.”—Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  71. 71. “Family members, close friends and ‘significant others’ can have a far greater impact on patients’ experience of illness, and on their long-term health and happiness, than any healthcare professional.” —Through the Patient’s Eyes<br />
  72. 72. Care Partner Programs(IDs, discount meals, etc.)Unrestricted visits(“Most Planetree hospitals have eliminated visiting restrictions altogether.”) (ER at one hospital “has a policy of never separating the patient from the family, and there is no limitation on how many family members may be present.”)Collaborative Care ConferencesClinical Guidelines DiscussionsFamily SpacesPet Visits(POP: Patients’ Own Pets)Source: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  73. 73. 4. Nutrition: The Nurturing Aspect of Food<br />
  74. 74. Meals are central eventsvs“There, you’re fed.” **Irony: Focus on “nutrition” has reduced focus on “food” and “service”Source: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  75. 75. KitchenBeautiful cutlery, plates, etcChef repSource: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  76. 76. 5. Spirituality: Inner Resources for Healing<br />
  77. 77. Spirituality: Meaning and Connectedness in Life1. Connected to supportive and caring group2. Sense of mastery and control3. Make meaning out of disease/find meaning in sufferingSource: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  78. 78. 6. Human Touch: The Essentials of CommunicatingCaring Through Massage<br />
  79. 79. “Massage is a powerful way to communicate caring.”—Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  80. 80. Mid-Columbia Medical Center/Center for Mind and BodyMassage for every patient scheduled for ambulatory surgery (“Go into surgery with a good attitude”)Infant massageStaff massage (“caring for the caregivers”)Healing environments: chemo!Source: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  81. 81. 7. Healing Arts: Nutrition for the Soul<br />
  82. 82. Planetree: “Environment conducive to healing”Color!Light!Brilliance!Form!Art!Music!Source: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  83. 83. 8. Integrating Complementary and Alternative Practices into Conventional Care<br />
  84. 84. Griffin IMC/Integrative Medicine CenterMassageAcupunctureMeditationChiropracticNutritional supplementsAroma therapySource: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  85. 85. 9. Healing Environments: Architecture andDesign Conduciveto Health<br />
  86. 86. “Planetree Look”Woods and natural materialsIndirect lightingHomelike settingsGoals: Welcome patients, friends and family … Value humans over technology .. Enable patients to participate in their care … Provide flexibility to personalize the care of each patient … Encourage caregivers to be responsive to patients … Foster a connection to nature and beautySource: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  87. 87. Access to nurses station:“Happen to”vs“Happen with”Source: Putting Patients First, Susan Frampton, Laura Gilpin, Patrick Charmel<br />
  88. 88. Learn more about Planetree/ The Planetree Alliance:www.planetree.org<br />
  89. 89. Life Sciences<br />
  90. 90. “WE ARE BEGINNING TO ACQUIRE … DIRECT AND DELIBERATE CONTROL … OVER THE EVOLUTION OF ALL LIFE FORMS … ON THE PLANET.”Source: Juan Enriquez, As The Future Catches You<br />
  91. 91. “We face the biggest change in tens of thousands of years in what it means to be human.” … “In just 20 years the boundary between fantasy and reality will be rent asunder.”(Rodney Brooks, AIL/MIT) … “We are at an inflection point in history.” … “It is about the defining cultural, social, and political issue of our age. It is about human transformation.”Source: Radical Evolution: The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies—and What It Means to Be Human, Joel Garreau<br />
  92. 92. GRIN: Genetics, Robotics (nanotech), Information, NanotechSource: Radical Evolution: The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies—and What It Means to Be Human, Joel Garreau<br />
  93. 93. Ray Kurzweil: “Singularity”<br />
  94. 94. 415-page doc, Department of Commerce/NSF: Converging Technologies for Increasing Human PerformanceSource: Radical Evolution: The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies—and What It Means to Be Human, Joel Garreau<br />
  95. 95. “Soldiers having no physical, physiological, or cognitive limitations will be key to survival and operational dominance in the future.”—Michael Goldblatt, Director, Defense Sciences Office/DARPASource: Radical Evolution: The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies—and What It Means to Be Human, Joel Garreau<br />
  96. 96. “Singularity”/“Bionic Tom,” circa 2006: Medtronic pacemaker (heart micro-management) ; psychotropics (mental micro-management) ; Google (mind-extension—smart-beyond-measure) ; Samsung cell phone (instant-permanent planetary connectedness) ;Orvis shirt (“smart skin”)<br />
  97. 97. H5N1<br />
  98. 98. Kroll/SARS:“don’t over-react”Kroll/H5N1: “devastating”Source: Newsweek/10.24.05<br />
  99. 99. Health(care): Seven Main Messages1. Quality (Error reduction/ Evidence-based Medicine)2. “Healthcare” vs. “Health” (Wellness + Prevention)3. “Models of Excellence” available4. Life sciences (“Singularity”)5. Dubai as global/unique/“insanely great” “Center of Excellence”6. Avian flu7. Africa (Hats off to Bill & Melinda &Bono)<br />

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