English Literature

Prof. MSc. Maura Xavier Garcia
Asterix
Obelix
Asterix_&_Obelix___
Once_Upon_A_Time_
In_Armorica.wmv
55BC
55 BC
The Roman Baths in Bath England Feature Video From
BathTV.wmv
Roman Baths in Bath.wmv
43CE Romans invade Britain.
Encountered the Celts.
Romans build roads, villas,
sewage systems, huge
buildings, and forts.
...
The Saxon Chronicles Movie
Trailer.wmv
•Anglo-Saxon society.

–Lived in tribal groups with a high class of
warriors.

–Kings emerged as society developed.
•Spoke...
Asterix_And_the_Viki
ng_19.wmv
Asterix_ANd_The_Vi
king_part_2.wmv
•787CE Viking raids begin
•871-899CE saxon King Alfred the Great becomes
King of England.

–Established education systems,...
the_Norman_Conquest.wmv
•1066CE Norman Conquest by
William the Conqueror.
–From Norman French.
–Defeated Danes and Anglo-Saxons.
–Officially ended...
 Anglo-Saxon literature began as an oral tradition.

 Stories, poems, and songs were all told aloud and

passed from gen...
• Beowulf is the most well-known Anglo-Saxon

poem, and is a form of poetry called the epic.
• Such other examples are Hom...
 The epic poem Beowulf strengthens the Heroic Code.

This code was derived from the Anglo-Saxons’
Germanic roots, and cal...
• Most famous of early Germanic poems
• Written anywhere between 400-1000, but most

likely after the 500s. Period of the ...
Beowulf
 The events described in the poem take place in

the late 5th century, after the Anglo-Saxons had begun
migration...
 Beowulf is an example of Medieval Anglo-Saxon poetry which was

written by monks c1100. Beowulf describes the adventures...
kenning
 KENNING
 Light-of-battle

 MEANING
 Sword

 Fighting-gear, battle-

 Body armor

gear
 Battle-sweat

other...
characters
• Beowulf: main character, a hero featuring all the qualities
of an epic hero. He has superhuman strength and i...
Pagan vs. Christianity in Beowulf

pagan
 Strong nature

presence
 Strength of the
warrior

 God is mentioned by

two ...
Plot (movie here)
 Beowulf travels to Hrothgar’s village to save them from







Grendel, a terrifying monster eatin...
A Lenda De Beowulf (Trailer) LEGENDADO.wmv
Describe the scene
To which part may it refer
/ˈ
beɪəˈw
ʊlf/
http://www.webenglishteacher.com/beowulf.html
Funeral pyre lit and Beowulf burned.
 [Question: why is this...
Beginnings and beowulf (2)
Beginnings and beowulf (2)
Beginnings and beowulf (2)
Beginnings and beowulf (2)
Beginnings and beowulf (2)
Beginnings and beowulf (2)
Beginnings and beowulf (2)
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Beginnings and beowulf (2)

  1. 1. English Literature Prof. MSc. Maura Xavier Garcia
  2. 2. Asterix
  3. 3. Obelix
  4. 4. Asterix_&_Obelix___ Once_Upon_A_Time_ In_Armorica.wmv
  5. 5. 55BC 55 BC
  6. 6. The Roman Baths in Bath England Feature Video From BathTV.wmv Roman Baths in Bath.wmv
  7. 7. 43CE Romans invade Britain. Encountered the Celts. Romans build roads, villas, sewage systems, huge buildings, and forts. Introduced Christianity. Introduced army organization 420CE Romans leave.
  8. 8. The Saxon Chronicles Movie Trailer.wmv
  9. 9. •Anglo-Saxon society. –Lived in tribal groups with a high class of warriors. –Kings emerged as society developed. •Spoke Old English. •This was the language that Beowulf was written in. •Became Christian but still valued heroic ideals and traditional heroes. •Their culture valued human contact, family, virtue, and a good story. •They feared humiliation and loneliness in their lives. In addition, the Anglo-Saxons desired richness, power, and appreciated heroic actions of warriors.
  10. 10. Asterix_And_the_Viki ng_19.wmv Asterix_ANd_The_Vi king_part_2.wmv
  11. 11. •787CE Viking raids begin •871-899CE saxon King Alfred the Great becomes King of England. –Established education systems, rebuilt monasteries. –Contributed with artfacts –Fought Danes and forced them from Wessex. –Unified Anglo-Saxons under one king to resist the Viking invasions. –Danes ruled in the North, Anglo-Saxons in the South.
  12. 12. the_Norman_Conquest.wmv
  13. 13. •1066CE Norman Conquest by William the Conqueror. –From Norman French. –Defeated Danes and Anglo-Saxons. –Officially ended Anglo-Saxon era and brought about the beginning of the Medieval Period. cru·sade (kr-sd) n. 1. often Crusade Any of the military expeditions undertaken by European Christians in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. 2. A holy war undertaken with papal sanction. 3. A vigorous concerted movement for a cause or against an abuse. See Synonyms at campaign. intr.v. cru·sad·ed, cru·sad·ing, cru·sades To engage in a crusade.
  14. 14.  Anglo-Saxon literature began as an oral tradition.  Stories, poems, and songs were all told aloud and passed from generation to generation orally through minstrels (also called scops).  Poems traditionally had a strong beat, alliteration, and no rhyme.  Caesura: “a cutting.” A break in a line of poetry, used in Old English to depict a half line. We use a comma for a modern effect.  i.e. Da com of moreunder mistheleopum “Out from the marsh, from the foot of the hills.”  Kenning: derived from the Norse word “kenna” which means “to know, to recognize.” It is a compact metaphor that functions as a name.  i.e. helmberend: “Helm bearer” or “warrior”
  15. 15. • Beowulf is the most well-known Anglo-Saxon poem, and is a form of poetry called the epic. • Such other examples are Homer’s The Iliad and The Odessey. • Long narrative that celebrates a hero’s long journeys and heroic deeds. • J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Ring series and George Lucas’ Stars Wars could be called modern epics. • Characteristics include a noble hero whose character traits reflect their society’s ideals. The hero performs brave acts and appears
  16. 16.  The epic poem Beowulf strengthens the Heroic Code. This code was derived from the Anglo-Saxons’ Germanic roots, and called for strength, courage, and loyalty in warriors. It also required kings to be hospitable, generous, and have great political skills. This code was a basis for Anglo-Saxon honor. • Universal themes of epic poetry • Good vs. evil • Beowulf vs. Grendel • Isolation • Courage and honor • Beowulf is fearless and brave while fighting the monsters. • Gods or semi-divine creatures • Grendel, Grendel’s mother, the dragon • Tale involves the fate of an entire race
  17. 17. • Most famous of early Germanic poems • Written anywhere between 400-1000, but most likely after the 500s. Period of the barbarian invasions. • The author is unknown, but likely to be Christian. It is likely that a few different authors elaborated on the tale. • Takes place in Sweden, Denmark, and Frisia. – The Norse were at this time attacking
  18. 18. Beowulf  The events described in the poem take place in the late 5th century, after the Anglo-Saxons had begun migration and settlement in England, and before the beginning of the 7th century, a time when the Saxons were either newly arrived or in close contact with their fellow Germanic kinsmen in Scandinavia and Northern Germany.  Characteristics: kennings dark mood, Alliteration and
  19. 19.  Beowulf is an example of Medieval Anglo-Saxon poetry which was written by monks c1100. Beowulf describes the adventures of a great Scandinavian warrior of the sixth century. The poem of Beowulf is distinguished by its heavy use of alliteration which was used instead of the modern rhyme. There are therefore many examples of alliteration in Beowulf, often three examples in every line. Like a rhyme, alliteration makes a poem easy to remember. Examples from Beowulf are as follows: Cunningly creeping, a spectral stalker Hot-hearted Beowulf was bent upon battle He had often haunted Hrothgar's house
  20. 20. kenning  KENNING  Light-of-battle  MEANING  Sword  Fighting-gear, battle-  Body armor gear  Battle-sweat other words:  Life would have ended [...] under wide earth  Hilt  Mere  Blood  Would have died  Handle  Lake, pond, swamp
  21. 21. characters • Beowulf: main character, a hero featuring all the qualities of an epic hero. He has superhuman strength and is fearless and brave in battle. • Hrothgar: the king of the village that Beowulf saves from Grendel. • Grendel: a monster terrorizing Hrothgar’s village. • Grendel’s mother: a monster set out to avenge her son’s death. • Roles (4 students) and start telling the plot
  22. 22. Pagan vs. Christianity in Beowulf pagan  Strong nature presence  Strength of the warrior  God is mentioned by two of the main characters in the poem: Beowulf and Hrothgar.  Grendel as Lucifer  Both are outcasts  Perform a task for God  Grendel is described as a son or descendant of Cain, a clear Biblical
  23. 23. Plot (movie here)  Beowulf travels to Hrothgar’s village to save them from     Grendel, a terrifying monster eating their warriors. An epic battle ensures Beowulf is the winner. Of course, Grendel’s mother comes seeking vengeance for her son’s death. Again, Beowulf is called upon to save them all, and he fights heroically and defeats the evil monster. After being vastly rewarded and refusing an offer from Hrothgar to be his heir, Beowulf makes the long trek back to his homeland where he becomes a mighty and generous king for many years. He fights a massive dragon who is threatening his
  24. 24. A Lenda De Beowulf (Trailer) LEGENDADO.wmv
  25. 25. Describe the scene To which part may it refer
  26. 26. /ˈ beɪəˈw ʊlf/ http://www.webenglishteacher.com/beowulf.html Funeral pyre lit and Beowulf burned.  [Question: why is this old woman placed here in the book? Is this a woman's comment on all the men's actions and male dominated society that creates such continual misery with their warrior ways'?]  OLD WOMAN predicts that the Geats will be overrun. She seems to know 'what goes round comes around' and 'they'll get theirs.' They build the tower and twelve Geats ride around the tower praising Beowulf, best of kings.  http://tehttp://www.webenglishteacher.com/chauc er.htmlacher2b.com/literature/beowlspl.htm 

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