Ten steps to turn around global climate change.


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Ten steps to turn around global climate change. By the WFUNA MIllennium Project. Un Ga Pres

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Ten steps to turn around global climate change.

  1. 1. Ten Steps to turn around Global Climate Change <ul><li>Jerome C. Glenn </li></ul><ul><li>The Millennium Project </li></ul><ul><li>www.StateoftheFuture.org </li></ul>
  2. 2. In addition to the usual suggestions <ul><li>Carbon Tax and Carbon Trading </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial efficiencies and co-generation </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation and recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy sources like wind, ground solar, regular geothermal, tidal, and current biofuels </li></ul><ul><li>Which all are good, but other steps are very important that are less well understood </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ten Steps to turn around Global Climate Change <ul><li>US-China Global Energy Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Seawater Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Sequestration Total Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost electric car batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Power Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Geothermal </li></ul><ul><li>Animal protein without animals via stem cells </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Systems Ecology </li></ul><ul><li>TransInstitutions </li></ul><ul><li>Global Climate Change Collective Intelligence </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. US-China Apollo-like Strategy <ul><li>Global Scale R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: Turn around Greenhouse Emissions within 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: Base load electricity & transportation </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Sea Water Agriculture <ul><li>10,000 flora species can live on salt water </li></ul><ul><li>100 in commercial trials </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical desert coastlines - Plant hundreds of miles long areas </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food for humans and animals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biofuels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pulp for paper product industries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces fresh water drain for agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Raises water tables </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Absorbs Carbon Dioxide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New source of income for poorer regions of the world </li></ul>
  6. 6. 3. Carbon Sequestration Shell Oil’s “Sustainable” Growth Carbon sequestration 800-1,000 Coal plants without carbon capture and storage are in planning or construction 1880 1860 500 0 1000 1500 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040 2060 Surprise Geothermal Solar Biomass Wind Nuclear Hydro Gas Oil &NGL Coal Trad. Bio. Exajoules
  7. 7. We need an overview of Carbon Sequestration Options Technology Option State of Scientific Knowledge now Cost, benefit, time-to-impact Policy Options Option 1 Option 2 Etc.
  8. 8. 4. Low cost electric car batteries (batteries may fall to $2,000 for 10KW by end of the 2007) Lithium-Ion batteries from Thunder Sky in China could dramatically lower the costs of electric cars in Europe and North America when their new factories are completed in July 2007 in the US and the second half of 2008 in Finland. Chinese bus companies have signed the long-term contracts. Chinese car companies could use these batteries to make as many as 100,000 by 2008 and 200,000 by 2009/2010.
  9. 9. Fossil Fuels ? Environmental Impacts By 2050 an additional ~2.4 billion people will be added, 5-7 billion of the 9 billion in 2050 will live in urban concentrations, economic growth will accelerate, 300-425 nuclear power plants will be closed, electric cars will increase. Where will the extra electricity come from ? Nuclear power ? Security and Env. Impacts Alternatives from earth ? Not enough for megacities Energy from Space ? No greenhouse gases No nuclear waste Enough for the world 5. Solar Power Satellites … Global Electricity Issues
  10. 10. Can provide energy worldwide without greenhouse gases or nuclear waste Orbital Solar Energy Satellites
  11. 12. 6. Enhanced Geothermal <ul><li>Drill two holes to hit rock (2-3 KM down) </li></ul><ul><li>Force water down one, exploding steam breaks through to the other up to surface to electric generator </li></ul><ul><li>24 hour system </li></ul><ul><li>No nuclear or greenhouse gas waste </li></ul><ul><li>Available around most of the world even where conventional geothermal is not </li></ul><ul><li>Initial test were successful – See MIT study http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/techtalk-info.html </li></ul>
  12. 13. 7. Animal protein without animals <ul><li>Stem cells taken from the blood of umbilical cords can be stimulated to produce muscle tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Produce animal protein from cows, pigs, and goats ... without producing animals </li></ul><ul><li>Saves energy, land, water, health costs, CO2 and methane gas </li></ul><ul><li>Initial patents filed in the Netherlands </li></ul>
  13. 14. 8. Urban Systems Ecology <ul><li>Ubiquitous computing </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotech sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Collective Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>To optimize efficiencies with just in time knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>City becomes a Conscious-Technology Meta-organism </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience Systems for anticipation, identification, response </li></ul>
  14. 15. 9. A global collective intelligence for Climate Change <ul><li>Options are changing so fast, global updating system is needed </li></ul><ul><li>It should be available the policymakers in a situation rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Feed by experts around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Open to the public </li></ul>
  15. 16. GENIS (Global Energy Network and Information System) <ul><li>The Global Energy Network (GEN), providing communications and collaboration capabilities for a worldwide community of experts and others working on, or concerned with, energy issues; </li></ul><ul><li>The Global Energy Information System (GEIS), a repository (knowledge base) and associated interactive access facility for as much of the world's total knowledge (actual content, pointers to external systems, and ability to mashup from other databases into one integrated set of outputs) about energy as can be accumulated. </li></ul>
  16. 17. 10. TransInstitutions structure to implement the other Steps <ul><li>Board/Committee/Council: self-selected governments, corporations, NGOs, Universities but not a majority from any one institutional category </li></ul><ul><li>People who work in it or with it come from all these institutional categories, but not a majority of any one </li></ul><ul><li>Results affect all these institutional categories </li></ul><ul><li>Income from all these institutional categories except university (then take not give money) </li></ul>
  17. 18. Summary <ul><li>US-China Global Energy Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Seawater Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Sequestration (cut plans for coal plants) </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost electric car batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Power Satellites </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced Geothermal </li></ul><ul><li>Animal protein without animals via stem cells </li></ul><ul><li>Urban Systems Ecology </li></ul><ul><li>Global Climate Change Collective Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Trans-Institutions for each step </li></ul>
  18. 20. For further information www.StateoftheFuture.org Jerome C. Glenn [email_address]