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Korea   Land Transport Maritime R&D
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Korea Land Transport Maritime R&D


Korean Construction

Korean Construction

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  • 1. Trends and Technology Issues in the Construction and Transportation area to meet Climate Change
  • 2. Outline
    • Accelerating rate of change
    • Conscious-Technology
    • Carbon Sequestration
    • Shift to Electric transportation
    • Solar Power Satellites (Japan)
    • Urban Systems Ecology
    • Construction retrofit with solar energy
    • Transportation and Construction Collective Intelligence for Climate Change
    • Integration of archeology, urban systems ecology, and cyberspace
  • 3. Just 25 years ago, who would have believed that Korea’s…
    • Businesses could compete successfully with the USA in
        • Transportation
        • Communications
        • Information systems
    • GDP would be 13 th in the world and close to both Russia’s and India’s GPD
    • GDP per capita (PPP) would be US$10,000 more than Russia’s
    • Computer games would be played by millions around the world?
  • 4. Just 25 years ago, there was no
    • Euros, WTO, or NATO in Afghanistan
    • Internet, camera-phones, few PCs
    • Talk of globalization, genetically modified food, stem cells, or AIDS pandemic
    • Asymmetrical warfare, and
    • … and most believed that a nuclear WW III would have destroyed the world by now
  • 5. 2007 2025 2050
  • 6. 25 Years from now, what will we construct?
  • 7. What’s possible in next 25 years?
    • Nanotech in all transportation and construction for efficiencies and reduced environmental impacts
    • Urban systems ecology as well established field
    • Collective Intelligence software (personal, local, and global)
    • “ Just in time knowledge” in the build environment
    • The race to connect anything not yet connected
    • Lines of genetic code written like software code making biotecture (integrating biology and architecture)
    • More than half the world spends more than half its time in cyberspace being more “real” that 3D reality
    • A global brain(s) emerging from Internet
    • … evolving into Conscious-Technology
  • 8. Conscious-Technology ( Post- Information Age) When the distinction between these two trends becomes blurred, we will have reached the Post -Information Age HUMANS BECOMING CYBORGS BUILT ENVIRONMENT BECOMING INTELLIGENT 1985 2000 2015 2030
  • 9. Simplification of History and an Alternative Future Invented Identity Motion Being Individual Linkage Conscious-Technology Flexible Perception Office Access Corporation Info/serv Information Linear Resources Factory Capital Nation-State Machine Industrial Location War Cyclical Earth/Res Land Religion Food/Res Agricultural Extraction Time Place Wealth Power Product Age or Era
  • 10. Carbon Sequestration Shell Oil’s “Sustainable” Growth Carbon sequestration 800-1,000 Coal plants without carbon capture and storage are in planning or construction 1880 1860 500 0 1000 1500 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 2040 2060 Surprise Geothermal Solar Biomass Wind Nuclear Hydro Gas Oil &NGL Coal Trad. Bio. Exajoules
  • 11. We need an overview of Carbon Sequestration Options Etc. Option 2 Option 1 Policy Options Cost, benefit, time-to-impact State of Scientific Knowledge now Technology Option
  • 12. Low cost electric car batteries (batteries may fall to $2,000 for 10KW) Lithium-Ion batteries from Thunder Sky in China could dramatically lower the costs of electric cars in Europe and North America when their new factories are completed in July 2007 in the US and the second half of 2008 in Finland. Chinese bus companies have signed the long-term contracts. Chinese car companies could use these batteries to make as many as 100,000 by 2008 and 200,000 by 2009/2010.
  • 13. Fossil Fuels ? Environmental Impacts By 2050 an additional ~2.4 billion people will be added, 5-7 billion of the 9 billion in 2050 will live in urban concentrations, economic growth will accelerate, 300-425 nuclear power plants will be closed, electric cars will increase. Where will the extra electricity come from ? Nuclear power ? Security and Env. Impacts Alternatives from earth ? Not enough for megacities Energy from Space ? No greenhouse gases No nuclear waste Enough for the world Solar Power Satellites … Global Electricity Issues
  • 14. Space Solar Power Global Energy Grid
  • 15. Urban Systems Ecology
    • Ubiquitous computing
    • Nanotech sensors
    • Collective Intelligence
    • To optimize efficiencies with just in time knowledge
    • City becomes a Conscious-Technology Meta-organism
    • Resilience Systems for anticipation, identification, response
  • 16. No more please… Source: www.transfuture.net
  • 17. Today
  • 18. Tomorrow, maybe
  • 19. Retrofit for Solar Energy
  • 20. Collective Intelligence (CI) to support future transportation and construction
    • CI is an emergent property from synergies among data/information/intelligence, software/hardware, and experts, that continually learns from feedback to produce just in time knowledge for better decisions than these elements acting alone.
    • Wikipedia is an early example. GENIS is another.
  • 21. GENIS (Global Energy Network and Information System)
    • The Global Energy Network (GEN), providing communications and collaboration capabilities for a worldwide community of experts and others working on, or concerned with, energy issues;
    • The Global Energy Information System (GEIS), a repository (knowledge base) and associated interactive access facility for as much of the world's total knowledge (actual content, pointers to external systems, and ability to mashup from other databases into one integrated set of outputs) about energy as can be accumulated.
  • 22. Integration of archeology, urban systems ecology, and cyberspace http://www.jvrb.org www.jvrb.org