4 (b)the boy jesus of nazareth james and jude


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Bro. Maughan's NT Lesson Spring 2011 -Thursday Jan. 27, 2011

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4 (b)the boy jesus of nazareth james and jude

  1. 1. The Boy Jesus of Nazareth And the Epistles of His Brothers James and Jude
  2. 2. All These Things Shall Give Thee Experience [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1979], 95.) Neal A. Maxwell, <ul><li>We should want to live in such a way that our way of living reflects relationships with others that are filled with persuasion, long-suffering, gentleness, meekness, love unfeigned, kindness and pure knowledge. (D&C 121:36-41.) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mark 1:35 <ul><li>When we are developing and living in these ways, we can access the powers of heaven and petition with especial effectiveness, having done much to align ourselves with the will of our Father in heaven. It may be helpful in this regard for us to remember that we must finally come to have &quot;the mind of Christ&quot; and then we can pray as He did. (1 Corinthians 2:16.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Footnote…JST Matt.4:1b <ul><li>1 THEN was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. </li></ul><ul><li>2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred. </li></ul><ul><li>(New Testament | Matthew 4:1 - 2) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What do we know about Jesus Mortal family?
  6. 6. Matthew 13:55-56 <ul><li>55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? </li></ul><ul><li>56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things? </li></ul>
  7. 7. What do we know abut Jesus Family? <ul><li>He was the oldest son of at least 7 children </li></ul><ul><li>2 of his brothers would author scripture </li></ul><ul><li>He had a wonderfully humble step Father who was visited by an angel </li></ul><ul><li>His Mother was choice among women and grew up in the temple she had visions and divine visitations </li></ul><ul><li>They were poor </li></ul><ul><li>They labored Joseph and Mary with the boys and girls </li></ul><ul><li>They lived the simple life in a small town </li></ul>
  8. 8. The General Epistle of James <ul><li>To have a book written by the Lord's brother is akin to having one penned by the Master himself. And in this General Epistle we find the son of Joseph, often in language reminiscent of that used by the Son of Mary, setting forth the practical operation of the doctrines taught by his Elder Brother. </li></ul><ul><li>(Bruce R. McConkie, Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3 vols., 3:, p.244) </li></ul>
  9. 9. James Converted after the Lord’s Resurrection… <ul><li>James-religious by nature; schooled in the strict Judaism of the day; converted after our Lord's resurrection; and said to have died a martyr's death-took upon himself the awesome responsibility to write an epistle to the saints in the dispensation of the fulness of times. Bruce R. McConkie, Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3 vols., 3:, p.244 </li></ul>
  10. 10. What do we know about Joseph? <ul><li>We could remember his magnificent but virtually unknown foster father, a humble carpenter by trade who taught us, among other things, that quiet, plain, unpretentious people have moved this majestic work forward from the very beginning, and still do so today. If you are serving almost anonymously, please know that so, too, did one of the best men who has ever lived on this earth. Elder Holland Oct. 1995 </li></ul>
  11. 11. What do we know about his mother Mary? <ul><li>… the simple grandeur of his mortal birth to just a young woman, one probably in the age range of those in our Young Women organization, who spoke for every faithful woman in every dispensation of time when she said, &quot;Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word&quot; (Luke 1:38). Elder Holland Oct. 1995 </li></ul>
  12. 12. His mothers virtue was questioned? <ul><li>Matthew 1:18-20 </li></ul>
  13. 13. She kept all these things in her heart… (The Early Christian Prayer Circle by Hugh Nibley Fn, BYU Studies, vol. 19 (1978-1979) , Number 1 - Fall 1978 45.) <ul><li>Having taken position in the circle, Mary begins to speak: </li></ul><ul><li>When I was in the Temple of God [a number of early sources report that Mary served in the Temple, like Samuel, as a Child] fn . . . there appeared to me one day a manifestation like an angel of unfamiliar aspect. . . . And suddenly the veil of the Temple was a great earthquake and I fell on my face unable to bear the sight of him. But he stretched forth his hand and raised me up, and I looked up to heaven and a dewy cloud came </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>… &quot;Greetings, thou favored one, chosen vessel!&quot; and he grasped my right hand. And there was bread in abundance and he set it out on the altar of the Temple (cf. the shewbread), and he ate first and then gave to me. And he put forth his hand from his garment and there was drink in abundance, and he drank first and then gave to me, and I beheld and saw a full cup and bread. And he said to me, &quot;In three years' time I shall send to you my Logos and you will bear a son, and through him the creation will be saved. . . . Peace to thee, my beloved, forever and ever.&quot; And suddenly he was gone from me, and the Temple was as it was before. </li></ul><ul><li>At this point the Lord himself appeared and commanded Mary &quot;to utter no more of this mystery,“…(Mormonism and Early Christianity, Nibley) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Joseph Mary had current temple recommends and offered worthy sacrifices…? <ul><li>Luke 2:41, 22-24 </li></ul>
  16. 16. He was blessed as a child… <ul><li>Luke 2:21-28 </li></ul>
  17. 17. What do we know about his mortality as a youth? <ul><li>Though Jesus was the literal Son of God, as a young child he needed to be taught and cared for much like other children. This would be necessary because &quot;over his mind had fallen the </li></ul><ul><li>veil of forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>common to all who are born to earth, by which the remembrance of primeval existence is shut off&quot; (James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ, p. 111). </li></ul>
  18. 18. Was Jesus born to privilege through the lineage of David? <ul><li>It is… beyond question that Jesus was born into a comparatively poor family… </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ: A Study of the Messiah and His Mission According to Holy Scriptures Both Ancient and Modern [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 99.) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Jesus was all that a boy should be, <ul><li>… for His development was unretarded by the dragging weight of sin; He loved and obeyed the truth and therefore was free. (James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 106.) </li></ul>
  20. 20. He was a real boy… <ul><li>He came among men to experience all the natural conditions of mortality; He was born as truly a dependent, helpless babe as is any other child; His infancy was in all common features as the infancy of others; His boyhood was actual boyhood, His development was as necessary and as real as that of all children. </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ: A Study of the Messiah and His Mission According to Holy Scriptures Both Ancient and Modern [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 105.) </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>The Child grew, and with growth there came to Him expansion of mind, development of faculties, and progression in power and understanding. His advancement was from one grace to another, not from gracelessness to grace; from good to greater good, not from evil to good, from favor with God to greater favor, not from estrangement because of sin to reconciliation through repentance and propitiation. fn </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ: A Study of the Messiah and His Mission According to Holy Scriptures Both Ancient and Modern [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 105.) </li></ul>
  22. 22. He grew grace for grace… (Doctrine and Covenants 93:12-14.) <ul><li>12 And I, John, saw that he received not of the fulness at the first, but received grace for grace; </li></ul><ul><li>13 And he received not of the fulness at first, but continued from grace to grace, until he received a fulness; </li></ul><ul><li>14 And thus he was called the Son of God, because he received not of the fulness at the first. </li></ul>
  23. 23. He labored with his step - father and brothers… <ul><li>Beyond question He was trained to labor, for idleness was abhorred then as it is now; and every Jewish boy, whether carpenter's son, peasant's child, or rabbi's heir, was required to learn and follow a practical and productive vocation. </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 106.) </li></ul>
  24. 24. By 12 years old he knew who he was (Luke 2:42-52.) <ul><li>42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. </li></ul><ul><li>the child Jesus tarried… </li></ul><ul><li>45 And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. </li></ul><ul><li>46 And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. </li></ul><ul><li>47 And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>48 And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. </li></ul><ul><li>49 And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>50 And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them. </li></ul><ul><li>51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. </li></ul>
  26. 26. John 8:28-29 <ul><li>28 …I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things. </li></ul><ul><li>29 And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him. </li></ul>
  27. 27. John 8:38 <ul><li>38 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father. </li></ul>
  28. 28. What did he do between 12 and 30 ? <ul><li>52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. </li></ul>
  29. 29. He was sent to experience mortality <ul><li>As a babe he began to grow, normally and naturally, and there was nothing supernatural about it. He learned to crawl, to walk, to run. He spoke his first word, cut his first tooth, took his first step—the same as other children do. He learned to speak; he played with toys like those of his brothers and sisters; and he played with them and with the neighbor children. He went to sleep at night and he awoke with the morning light. He took exercise, and his muscles were strong because he used them. </li></ul>
  30. 30. He lived the Test of Mortality <ul><li>… he was subject to disease and illness on the same basis as we all are. We know he was hungry, weary, and sorrowful; </li></ul><ul><li>Isa.53:2-5 </li></ul><ul><li>Heb. 2:10-18 </li></ul><ul><li>Heb. 5:8-9 </li></ul>
  31. 31. He was tempted and yet lived without sin… <ul><li>18 For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted. </li></ul><ul><li>(Hebrews 2:18.) </li></ul>
  32. 32. Hebrews 4:15 <ul><li>… was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. </li></ul>
  33. 33. He was subject to pain… <ul><li>as a man he felt what other men feel, did what other men do, had the same appetites and passions as others have—all because he had been sent into mortality by his Father to be a mortal. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  34. 34. How did he prepare for his Mission? <ul><li>He learned to speak, to read, to write; he memorized passages of scripture , and he pondered their deep and hidden meanings. He was taught in the home by Mary, then by Joseph, as was the custom of the day. Jewish traditions and the provisions of the Torah were discussed daily in his presence. He learned the Shema, reverenced the Mezuzah, and participated in prayers , morning, noon, and night. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Jesus went to Church… <ul><li>On Sabbaths and on week days he attended the synagogue, heard the prayers and sermons, and felt the spirit of the occasion. He participated in the regular worship during the feasts, particularly at Passover time. </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 4:22 </li></ul>
  36. 36. How did he prepare for his Mission? <ul><li>Memorized Scriptures </li></ul><ul><li>(JST Matthew 4:4.) </li></ul><ul><li>4 But Jesus answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. </li></ul>
  37. 37. How did he prepare for his Mission? <ul><li>He garnered knowledge by study, and gained wisdom by prayer, thought, and effort </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 106.) </li></ul><ul><li>Mark 1:35 </li></ul>
  38. 38. How did he prepare for his Mission? <ul><li>There was never a better student… </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 106.) </li></ul>
  39. 39. He would have developed all the spiritual Gifts… <ul><li>In his study, and in the learning process he was guided from on high in a way that none other has ever been. Being without sin—being clean and pure and spotless—he was entitled to the constant companionship of the Holy Spirit </li></ul>
  40. 40. What about His intelligence…? <ul><li>We can trust, worship, and even adore Him without any reservation! As the only Perfect Person to sojourn on this planet, there is none like Him! (See Isa. 46:9.) </li></ul>
  41. 41. What about His intelligence…? <ul><li>In intelligence and performance, He far surpasses the individual and the composite capacities and achievements of all who have lived, live now, and will yet live! (See Abr. 3:19.) </li></ul>
  42. 42. What about His intelligence…? <ul><li>He rejoices in our genuine goodness and achievement, but any assessment of where we stand in relation to Him tells us that we do not stand at all! We kneel! Elder Neal A. Maxwell, “O, Divine Redeemer”, Ensign (CR), November 1981, p.8 </li></ul>
  43. 43. No man could teach him… <ul><li>And it came to pass that Jesus grew up with his brethren, and waxed strong, and waited upon the Lord for the time of his ministry to come. And he served under his father, and he spake not as other men, neither could he be taught; for he needed not that any man should teach him. And after many years, the hour of his ministry drew nigh. </li></ul><ul><li>JST Matt. 3:24-26 </li></ul>
  44. 44. President J. Reuben Clark, Jr.—Wist Ye Not That I Must Be About My Father's Business, <ul><li>&quot;As we think of them moving slowly down into the valley with their donkeys laden with necessary supplies,&quot; President Clark says, &quot;picking their way among the boulders that strewed the path, we cannot escape wondering what were the thoughts of Jesus. That He was exceeding wise, the experience in the Temple shows. But was this wisdom earthborn from His studies, or did He have also a spiritual memory that brought to Him a recollection of all that had before happened, </li></ul>
  45. 45. Jesus had the gift of Visions… <ul><li>and a vision to show what was thereafter to happen along this road to Jerusalem, a road richer in incidents of God's dealings with His children, than any other road on the face of the earth? . . . </li></ul>
  46. 46. Vision of Jesus <ul><li>&quot;One wonders if as He came to Nain, He saw a vision of His future miracle of kindness there. . . . </li></ul><ul><li>And did there also come before Him the iniquities and tragic fate of Ahab and Jezebel, and the Lord's vengeance worked through Elijah against the priests of Baal, and the flight of Elijah to Carmel, the passing of the Lord before Elijah in the 'still small voice'? For Jesus was the Lord who spoke to and commanded His ancient prophets.&quot; </li></ul>
  47. 47. Spiritual Recollection <ul><li>&quot;What must have been the feelings of the young Jesus as he looked at this present magnificence and then recalled the past, and (it seems it must be) visioned the future! . . . for we must believe there was with Him a spiritual recollection, a divine knowledge, of the past . . . As Jesus looked at all these, . . . there must have crowded in upon his consciousness the scenes of the actual events.&quot; </li></ul>
  48. 48. Spiritual Recollection <ul><li>  As the pilgrims pass Jacob's Well, the question is asked: &quot;As at twelve He now beheld the well, did He vision the future meeting with the woman [of Samaria] and His sermon on the living water?&quot; </li></ul>
  49. 49. Spiritual Recollection
  50. 50. The Mortal Messiah BRM p.369 <ul><li>he was so highly endowed with talents and abilities, so spiritually sensitive, so in tune with the Infinite, that his learning and wisdom soon excelled that of all his fellows. His knowledge came to him quickly and easily because he was building—as is the case with all men—upon the foundations laid in preexistence. He brought with him from that eternal world the talents and capacities, the inclinations to conform and obey, and the ability to recognize truth that he had there acquired. …Jesus, when yet a child had spiritual talents that no other man in a hundred lifetimes could obtain. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Teach them to use their spiritual senses <ul><li>Teach your students to see with the eyes they possessed before they had a mortal body; teach them to hear with the ears they possessed before they were born ; teach them to push back the curtains of mortality and see into the eternities. Youth must be taught to expand their minds and to think in spiritual terms. They must know that there was no beginning and there will be no end. Then they will begin to understand the plan of redemption. (Boyd K. Packer, BYU-CES Symposium 1993) </li></ul>
  52. 52. How did he prepare for his Mission? <ul><li>He lived the simple life, at peace with His fellows, in communion with His Father </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ: [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 110.) </li></ul>
  53. 53. The boy who had been creator observed nature… <ul><li>He considered the lilies of the field, and the grass in meadow and upland, the birds which sowed not nor gathered into barns but lived on the bounty of their Maker, the foxes in their holes, the petted house dog and the vagrant cur, the hen sheltering her brood beneath protecting wings—all these had contributed to the wisdom in which He grew, as had also the moods of the weather, the recurrence of the seasons, and all the phenomena of natural change and order. </li></ul><ul><li>(James E. Talmage, Jesus the Christ [Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1983], 110.) </li></ul>
  54. 58. What was in his mind and heart? <ul><li>Galatians 4:6 </li></ul><ul><li>Philipians 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 53 </li></ul><ul><li>John 10:10 </li></ul>
  55. 59. <ul><li>It is the grand truth that in all that Jesus came to say and do, including and especially in His atoning suffering and sacrifice, He was showing us who and what God our Eternal Father is like, how completely devoted He is to His children in every age and nation. In word and in deed Jesus was trying to reveal and make personal to us the true nature of His Father, our Father in Heaven. (CR Oct. 2003 JRH) </li></ul>
  56. 60. To Know God….. <ul><li>Gaining a knowledge of Christ and God is a prerequisite for a true understanding of our mission in life. Lowell L. Bennion writes in his book Legacies of Jesus: “One of the most important things we need to learn is what are the attributes of God. Christ came to earth to reveal to us the character of God. He is the revelation of God to human beings, teaching us by precept and example the meaning of faith, humility, integrity, and love” (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1990, p. 61). Elder Hans B. Ringger, “Lord, to Whom Shall We Go?”, Ensign (CR), November 1995, p.83 </li></ul>
  57. 61. James the Brother of Jesus <ul><li>James was called &quot;the Just&quot; because of his ascetic practices [ citation needed ] , which involved taking Nazarite vows. The name also helps distinguish him from other important figures in early Christianity of the same name, such as James, son of Zebedee . </li></ul>
  58. 62. James the Brother of Jesus <ul><li>He is sometimes referred in Eastern Christianity to as &quot;James Adelphotheos&quot;, i.e. &quot;James the Brother of God&quot; ( Greek : Iάκωβος ο Αδελφόθεος… he may simply have been literally Jesus's brother, i.e. a child of Mary and Joseph </li></ul>
  59. 63. James the Just <ul><li>Gospel according to the Hebrews thus: “'Now the Lord, after he had given his grave clothes to the servant of the priest, appeared to James, for James had sworn that he would not eat bread from that hour in which he had drunk the Lord’s cup until he should see him risen from the dead.' And a little further on the Lord says, ‘bring a table and bread.’ </li></ul>
  60. 64. James the Just… <ul><li>And immediately it is added, 'He took bread and blessed and broke and gave it to James the Just and said to him, &quot;My brother, eat your bread, for the Son of Man is risen from the dead.&quot;’” [4] </li></ul>
  61. 65. James Ascetic lifestyle…? <ul><li>In describing James' ascetic lifestyle, Saint Jerome , De Viris Illustribus , quotes Hegesippus' account of James from the fifth book of Hegesippus' lost Commentaries : </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;After the apostles, James the brother of the Lord surnamed the Just was made head of the Church at Jerusalem. Many indeed are called James. This one was holy from his mother's womb. </li></ul>
  62. 66. James Ascetic lifestyle…? <ul><li>He drank neither wine nor strong drink, ate no flesh, never shaved or anointed himself with ointment or bathed. He alone had the privilege of entering the Holy of Holies , since indeed he did not use woolen vestments but linen and went alone into the temple and prayed in behalf of the people, insomuch that his knees were reputed to have acquired the hardness of camels' knees.&quot; [10] </li></ul>
  63. 67. What do we know about Jesus brothers James and Jude <ul><ul><ul><li>James, Epistle of. The writer is generally thought of as the Lord's brother (Gal. 1:19), the son of Mary, and is mentioned in Acts 12:17; 15:13; Gal. 2:9. The epistle, which is addressed to the 12 tribes scattered abroad, was probably written from Jerusalem, but the date is not known. It may be one of the earlier epistles of the N.T. In the epistle are found some clearly stated items about practical religion, including the important advice of 1:5–6 that if one lacks wisdom, he should ask of God for help. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  64. 68. Did Jesus and James ever discuss this principle? <ul><ul><ul><li>This instructive passage inspired Joseph Smith to inquire of the Lord in 1820 as to the true church, and as a consequence the Father and the Son appeared to him and the dispensation of the fulness of times was launched (JS-H 1:9–20). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  65. 69. <ul><ul><ul><li>Among other important teachings of James are those that have to do with faith and works (ch. 2); the need to control the unruly tongue (ch. 3); an exhortation to patience (ch. 5); calling the elders for a blessing when sick (ch. 5:14–16); and the desirability of being an instrument of conversion in the life of even one other person (5:19–20). ( Bible Dictionary | J James, Epistle of : Entry ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  66. 70. JUDE <ul><li>In the New Testament, one of Jesus' brothers and probable author of the epistle of Jude (Matt. 13:55; Jude 1:1). </li></ul><ul><li>The epistle of Jude: This book consists of a letter from Jude to certain Saints who were weakening in the faith. They were being weakened by those among them who professed to be Christians but who were practicing immoral pagan worship and claiming to be exempt from obeying the moral law. Jude wished to awaken the Saints to a sense of their spiritual danger and to encourage them to remain faithful. </li></ul>
  67. 71. Jude <ul><li>Some notable passages in Jude are verse 6, which recounts the war in heaven and the casting out of Lucifer and his angels from that premortal state (Abr. 3:26–28), and verses 14–15, which cite a prophecy made by Enoch. </li></ul><ul><li>( Guide to the Scriptures | J Jude : The epistle of Jude ) </li></ul>