THE PROMISE OF CULTURAL NETWORKS   Towards	  a	  research	  framework	  for	  the	  study	  of	      region-­‐specific	  cu...
A story
CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
“cultural network”
“a particular ecology of cultural networks            in Latin America”
“A call to organize cultural networks”
“…to engage cultural policies in the             region”
PROYECTO RIO - América LatinaRedes, Interacciones y Organización del sector cultural                      2012-2013       ...
40+ NETWORKS PROJECTS                                                    •      CUFA	  o	  Afroreggae	  •    Red Profesion...
“cultural network”
mapping à organizing
Cvjetičanin, Biserka (2011)Networks: The evolving aspect ofculture in the 21st Century.Culturelink, IMO.
Cultural networks as:                                               •  Emerging artistic forms (Fiedler)                  ...
“(Cultural) networks in Latin America                                               exist out of necessity and today they ...
“Is this the time for a new cultural                                               deal? Are we approaching a post-       ...
The evolving aspects of cultural networks
“cultural network”
We need more depth
The promise of cultural networks
The promise of cultural networks
old questions à new questions
old questions à new questions               what à howless productive for…   à more productive for…
“OLD” QUESTIONS:What is a cultural network?How many cultural networksare there in X?What do cultural networks do?…
“NEW” QUESTIONS:How do cultural networks work in X (region/issue)?How do cultural networks vary according to regional/soci...
Theoretical/Analytical framework(s)•  Identity and control (White, 2008)   –  Vocabularies: Identity (levels), control, “s...
CLAIM 1           cultural networksentities/actors à domains/environments
CLAIM 2               cultural networksmaps/topologies à layers/articulations/“stories”
CLAIM 3               cultural networks“civil society” à “networked” political identities
White, H. C. (2008)Identity and control : how socialformations emerge.Princeton University Press.
“Identities spring up out of                                                      efforts at control in turbulent         ...
“Since social situations                                                      include stories, nonverbal                  ...
CONTEXTCrisis (economic/political/social)     Colonialism/Capitalism         Inequity/Poverty Governance/“cultural” polici...
An example from few months ago…
Another example
CONTEXTCrisis (economic/political/social)     Colonialism/Capitalism         Inequity/Poverty Governance/“cultural” polici...
Riles, A. (2001).The Network Inside Out.University of Michigan Press.
”(A Network is) a set of institutions,                                              knowledge practices, and artifacts    ...
Appadurai, Arjun (2004) “The Capacityto Aspire: Culture and the Terms ofRecognition” in Rao & Walton (2004)Culture and Pub...
“The capacity to aspire is a navigational                                             capacity (to explore the future) (…)...
Rossiter, N. (2006).Organized Networks: Media Theory,Creative Labour, New Institutions.NAi Publishers.
“The network models of sociality made                                               possible by information and           ...
“Transdisciplinarity can be understood                                               as an experimental research          ...
Three Stories
Three stories/ties•  Incorpore: Mapping networks in Central   America (Costa Rica/CA)•  The Network of Cultural Organizati...
Incorpore (Costa Rica/CA):Mapping networks in Central America•    “Rupture” (1997) – Crafting an ontology•    Vision/Pract...
Presentation (.ppt) Redes e integración cultural en Centroamérica:algunas experiencias y sus conclusiones en proceso (2011)
“La red como un término                       comodín para visibilizar y                       reconocer lo invisibilizado...
Presentation (.ppt) Redes Culturales: Una opción para fomentar la corresponsabilidadsocial y la sostenibilidad en el aprov...
The Network of Cultural Organizationsin Cusco (Peru)•    “Birth” (2011)•    Burden of traditional organizing cultures•    ...
Cusco, PerúMarch 29th, 2011
Plataforma Puente - Cultura Viva Comunitaria:A multi-network initiative•  “Articulations” (1995-2010) – 100+ organizations...
Cultura Viva ComunitariaRegional impact on local cultural policies              Lima, Peru
Recurring image:“Articular” (verb) | Articulación (noun)
Articular | Articulación
Articular | Articulación
“cultural network”
CLAIMS/SHIFTS                cultural networksentities/actors à domains/environments/practices maps/topologies à layers/...
“We need more depth”
“We need more depth”
Research agenda•  Sociological/relational/ecological dynamics –   from society to “arrangement of identities”/   informati...
MAURICIO DELFIN        Director    Culturaperu.orgdelfin@culturaperu.org
THE PROMISE OF CULTURAL NETWORKS   Towards	  a	  research	  framework	  for	  the	  study	  of	      region-­‐specific	  cu...
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
The Promise of Cultural Networks
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"THE PROMISE OF CULTURAL NETWORKS: Towards a research framework for the study of region-specific cultural network ecosystems" presented at the Cultural Trends Conference "IN SEARCH OF CULTURAL POLICY" on Thursday, November 24th, 2011 (London, United Kingdom).

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The Promise of Cultural Networks

  1. 1. THE PROMISE OF CULTURAL NETWORKS Towards  a  research  framework  for  the  study  of   region-­‐specific  cultural  network  ecosystems  MAURICIO DELFININ SEARCH OF CULTURAL POLICYCultural Trends ConferenceThursday, November 24th, 2011London, United Kingdom
  2. 2. A story
  3. 3. CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
  4. 4. CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
  5. 5. CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
  6. 6. CONFERENCECreating a Future for Arts and Culture in Latin AmericaCosta Rica, October 2010
  7. 7. “cultural network”
  8. 8. “a particular ecology of cultural networks in Latin America”
  9. 9. “A call to organize cultural networks”
  10. 10. “…to engage cultural policies in the region”
  11. 11. PROYECTO RIO - América LatinaRedes, Interacciones y Organización del sector cultural 2012-2013 First meeting: March 2012, Nicaragua
  12. 12. 40+ NETWORKS PROJECTS •  CUFA  o  Afroreggae  •  Red Profesionales del Teatro de Nicaragua •  Cultura Digital•  Red de Software Libre •  Alianza Latinoamericana Cultura y Política•  Red Residencias Artísticas •  Red Latinoamericana de Gestión Cultural•  Foro Nicaragüense de Cultura (RLAGC)•  Relajo •  Red Suramericana de Danza (RSD)•  Asociación Nicaragüense de Cinematografía •  Red Latinoamericana de Arte y•  Puntos de Encuentro Transformación Social (RLATS)•  Centroamérica-redes •  Cofralandes•  Caja Lúdica/Red Guatemalteca de Arte •  Pueblo Hace Cultura Comunitario (RGAC) •  Red de Programadores de América Latina y el•  MARACA Caribe•  GUANARED •  Cultura Senda•  Red Centroamericana de Danza •  Chaski, Red de Microcines•  Proyecto Lagartija •  Asociación para el Desarrollo de la Industria•  Carromato Musical Iberoamericana•  Mujeres en las Artes •  Plataforma Puente Cultura Viva Comunitaria•  Cultura & Integración •  Red Latinoamericana de Teatro en•  CINERGIA Comunidad•  Red Dominicana de Culturas Locales •  CAN y alrededores-buenas prácticas•  Circuito Fora do Eixo •  Culturaperu.org•  Puntos de Cultura/TEIA •  Fundación Imagen/Martadero•  Núcleo dos Festivais Internacionais de Artes •  Red Festivales de Danza en Red Cênicas do Brasil •  LabComplex•  Fes:val  Cena  Contemporánea   •  Somos Cultura  
  13. 13. “cultural network”
  14. 14. mapping à organizing
  15. 15. Cvjetičanin, Biserka (2011)Networks: The evolving aspect ofculture in the 21st Century.Culturelink, IMO.
  16. 16. Cultural networks as: •  Emerging artistic forms (Fiedler) •  Processes of deterritorialization/ transterritorialization (Wortman) •  Straightforward political practices in a networked age (Van Paaschen) •  Distracting ‘talismans’ of different sorts (Isar)Cvjetičanin, Biserka (2011) Networks: The evolving aspect of culture in the 21st Century. Culturelink, IMO.
  17. 17. “(Cultural) networks in Latin America exist out of necessity and today they have developed massively in the new economic, political and cultural context of the region, in the light of new circulating imaginaries about the importance of making use of instances of civil society, and as the base for a social development that has not only economic consequences, but that also creates social links, horizontal and based in solidarity” - Ana Wortman in Cvjetičanin, 2011; 177Cvjetičanin, Biserka (2011) Networks: The evolving aspect of culture in the 21st Century. Culturelink, IMO.
  18. 18. “Is this the time for a new cultural deal? Are we approaching a post- network situation? Is networked cultural entrepreneurship out of date, or does it offer new perspectives? Are we moving from networking of cultures to networked cultures as a significant response to new challenges? The time to establish new policies and practices is now! - Foreword, Cvjetičanin, 2011; 177Cvjetičanin, Biserka (2011) Networks: The evolving aspect of culture in the 21st Century. Culturelink, IMO.
  19. 19. The evolving aspects of cultural networks
  20. 20. “cultural network”
  21. 21. We need more depth
  22. 22. The promise of cultural networks
  23. 23. The promise of cultural networks
  24. 24. old questions à new questions
  25. 25. old questions à new questions what à howless productive for… à more productive for…
  26. 26. “OLD” QUESTIONS:What is a cultural network?How many cultural networksare there in X?What do cultural networks do?…
  27. 27. “NEW” QUESTIONS:How do cultural networks work in X (region/issue)?How do cultural networks vary according to regional/socio-cultural context?What does it mean when a cultural network “fails”?How do certain socio-technological aspects of culturalnetworks sustain essential net-domain functions?How do networks engage in the construction andreconfiguration of “cultural value”?
  28. 28. Theoretical/Analytical framework(s)•  Identity and control (White, 2008) –  Vocabularies: Identity (levels), control, “stories”, netdoms•  The Network Inside Out (Riles, 2001) –  Diagrams as “network artifacts” (.ppts), failure, self-reflexivity, “institutionalized utopianism”•  The Capacity to Aspire: Culture and the terms of recognition (Appadurai, 2004) –  Futurity, terms of recognition•  Organized Networks (Rossier, 2006) –  Organized networks (socio-technical systems), transdiciplinarity (educational practices of networked cultures) –  From representational processes to relational procedures
  29. 29. CLAIM 1 cultural networksentities/actors à domains/environments
  30. 30. CLAIM 2 cultural networksmaps/topologies à layers/articulations/“stories”
  31. 31. CLAIM 3 cultural networks“civil society” à “networked” political identities
  32. 32. White, H. C. (2008)Identity and control : how socialformations emerge.Princeton University Press.
  33. 33. “Identities spring up out of efforts at control in turbulent context” “Networks lay out the space of social action” “Identity is produced by the contingency to which it is a response…”White, H. C. (2008) Identity and control : how social formations emerge. Princeton University Press.
  34. 34. “Since social situations include stories, nonverbal relations, and instantaneous ties, I conclude that social networks emerge only as ties mesh with stories” “Contextualizing contexts is central”White, H. C. (2008) Identity and control : how social formations emerge. Princeton University Press.
  35. 35. CONTEXTCrisis (economic/political/social) Colonialism/Capitalism Inequity/Poverty Governance/“cultural” policies institutions vs. communities Narratives of “Development” Lack/Absence of Information
  36. 36. An example from few months ago…
  37. 37. Another example
  38. 38. CONTEXTCrisis (economic/political/social) Colonialism/Capitalism Inequity/Poverty Governance/“cultural” policies institutions vs. communities Narratives of “Development” Lack/Absence of Information
  39. 39. Riles, A. (2001).The Network Inside Out.University of Michigan Press.
  40. 40. ”(A Network is) a set of institutions, knowledge practices, and artifacts thereof that internally generate the effects of their own reality by reflecting on themselves” “For those concerned with the intersection of modernist epistemologies and liberal political philosophies, the Network offers a poignant case study of institutionalized utopianism, an ambition for political change through communication and information exchange, of universalism after cultural relativism…”Riles, A. (2001). The Network Inside Out. University of Michigan Press.
  41. 41. Appadurai, Arjun (2004) “The Capacityto Aspire: Culture and the Terms ofRecognition” in Rao & Walton (2004)Culture and Public Action.Stanford Social Sciences.
  42. 42. “The capacity to aspire is a navigational capacity (to explore the future) (…) it has to do with how collective horizons are shaped” “The norms of futurity are shaped by the capacity to aspire” “(harnessing this capacity means) altering the terms of recognition in a particular (cultural) regime"Appadurai, Arjun (2004) “The Capacity to Aspire: Culture and the Terms of Recognition” in Rao &Walton (2004) Culture and Public Action. Stanford Social Sciences.
  43. 43. Rossiter, N. (2006).Organized Networks: Media Theory,Creative Labour, New Institutions.NAi Publishers.
  44. 44. “The network models of sociality made possible by information and communication technologies have resulted in new forms of social-technical systems, or what I am calling emergent institutional forms of organized networks.”Rossiter, N. (2006). Organized Networks: Media Theory, Creative Labour, New Institutions.NAi Publishers.
  45. 45. “Transdisciplinarity can be understood as an experimental research methodology and pedagogy that emerges within the logic of networks as they traverse diverse institutional forms. To this end, transdisciplinarity is a practice interested in the educational capacities of network cultures.“Rossiter, N. (2006). Organized Networks: Media Theory, Creative Labour, New Institutions.NAi Publishers.
  46. 46. Three Stories
  47. 47. Three stories/ties•  Incorpore: Mapping networks in Central America (Costa Rica/CA)•  The Network of Cultural Organizations in Cusco (Peru)•  Plataforma Puente (multi-network initiative)
  48. 48. Incorpore (Costa Rica/CA):Mapping networks in Central America•  “Rupture” (1997) – Crafting an ontology•  Vision/Practice of Cultural Diversity•  Diagramatic structures•  Ecological approach•  ComplexityThemes: –  Networks and genealogies –  Rupture/Resistance
  49. 49. Presentation (.ppt) Redes e integración cultural en Centroamérica:algunas experiencias y sus conclusiones en proceso (2011)
  50. 50. “La red como un término comodín para visibilizar y reconocer lo invisibilizado, nombrar lo silenciado, lo novedoso, lo que no cabe en otros conceptos.” “The network as a “wild card” term to make visible, and recognize that which has been made invisible, name what has been silenced, the new, what does not fit in other concepts”Presentation (.ppt) Redes e integración cultural en Centroamérica:algunas experiencias y sus conclusiones en proceso (2011)
  51. 51. Presentation (.ppt) Redes Culturales: Una opción para fomentar la corresponsabilidadsocial y la sostenibilidad en el aprovechamiento de los recursos culturales (2011)
  52. 52. The Network of Cultural Organizationsin Cusco (Peru)•  “Birth” (2011)•  Burden of traditional organizing cultures•  The ideal of leaderless-ness (no caudillos)•  “The value or doing our own thing”•  Establishing connections with authorities•  “The network is and is not there” (Moscoso)Themes: –  Non-traditional forms of political organization –  How to build a networked “domain” –  Negotiating Non-economic goals
  53. 53. Cusco, PerúMarch 29th, 2011
  54. 54. Plataforma Puente - Cultura Viva Comunitaria:A multi-network initiative•  “Articulations” (1995-2010) – 100+ organizations, extreme diversity, network of networks and organizations (cultural diversity, mestizaje)•  Placing poverty as a site for cultural politics (“social transformation”, cultura popular) – participative democracy•  “Cultura Viva Comunitaria” (Living-Community Culture) vs. Heritage/ Monument/Fine-Arts/Cultural Industries•  Regional campaign (revindication) – “0.1% for Cultura Viva”•  “Continental Week for Community Culture” (April 2012)•  Socio-technological/Transdiciplinary tacticsThemes: –  Networked regional agenda –  Networked actions h@p://culturavivacomunitaria.org    
  55. 55. Cultura Viva ComunitariaRegional impact on local cultural policies Lima, Peru
  56. 56. Recurring image:“Articular” (verb) | Articulación (noun)
  57. 57. Articular | Articulación
  58. 58. Articular | Articulación
  59. 59. “cultural network”
  60. 60. CLAIMS/SHIFTS cultural networksentities/actors à domains/environments/practices maps/topologies à layers/articulations/“stories” “civil society” à “networked” political identities
  61. 61. “We need more depth”
  62. 62. “We need more depth”
  63. 63. Research agenda•  Sociological/relational/ecological dynamics – from society to “arrangement of identities”/ informational cultures•  Ethnographic/qualitative depth – layered dynamics, political configuration of identities•  Anthropology of public policy/tensions – spaces for (cultures of) engagement with policy; for the construction of “cultural value”•  “Mediology” of cultural networks (mediated dimensions of…) – configuration of network domains
  64. 64. MAURICIO DELFIN Director Culturaperu.orgdelfin@culturaperu.org
  65. 65. THE PROMISE OF CULTURAL NETWORKS Towards  a  research  framework  for  the  study  of   region-­‐specific  cultural  network  ecosystems  MAURICIO DELFININ SEARCH OF CULTURAL POLICYCultural Trends ConferenceThursday, November 24th, 2011London, United Kingdom

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