Andrey's presentation about movements from Peace and development seminar


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Andrey's presentation about movements from Peace and development seminar

  1. 1. Public Movements for J ustice and Peace a short overview from 1960s to our days
  2. 2. The early 60s situation <ul><li>About 15 years of Cold War -- </li></ul><ul><li>First nuclear arms race in history -- </li></ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis (Caribbean Crisis ) </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam War had lasted for 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Terrible situation for Black people and women </li></ul>
  3. 3. The beginning <ul><li>Martin Luther King, Jr. – philosophy of non-violence </li></ul><ul><li>In 1.2.1960 four of black guys began sitting strike in front of the café where they were refused to be served because of racial reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>Tens, hundreds, thousands of people joined them all over the country </li></ul><ul><li>In 5.12.1960 US Supreme Court prohibited racial segregation in public places </li></ul><ul><li>Movement rose. Demonstrations. Arrests. Protests. Murder of Malcolm X. </li></ul>Movement for Equal Rights and Against Racial Prejudices
  4. 4. Hippy <ul><li>Who were they and where did they come from? </li></ul><ul><li>The beginning – around 1965 – when the baby-boomers grew up. </li></ul><ul><li>New generation wanted to get rid of old, archaic, nobody’s needed puritanical norms of behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology </li></ul><ul><li>For: Love, Peace and Freedom, Tolerance and Equality. </li></ul><ul><li>Against: Prohibitions and Restrictions, Xenophobia and all kinds of intolerance, existing establishment and its inhuman politics </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sexual Revolution <ul><li>Previous 30 years period is very puritanical and conformist and contradicted natural human sexual behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>the development of the birth control pill in 1960 gave women access to easy and reliable contraception </li></ul><ul><li>Growing Hippy movement and its free-love approach </li></ul><ul><li>main change was not that people had more sex or different types of sex, it was simply that they talked about it more openly than previous generations had done. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Activism <ul><li>Protests against nuclear weapons (sit-ins, demos, marches) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti Vietnam War protests all over the county </li></ul><ul><li>Common action with Black communities for equal rights </li></ul><ul><li>Free Press </li></ul><ul><li>First Ecological Protests (antinuclear and ‘cause oil flew out) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Political hippies – Yippy! <ul><li>Abbey Hoffman – yippy founder </li></ul><ul><li>His fun-fake-actions: </li></ul><ul><li>LSD in drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Piggy - candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Drug-sex-spray press-conference </li></ul><ul><li>Flying Pentagon </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1968 Democratic Convention <ul><li>Peaceful Antiwar </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration was planned </li></ul><ul><li>During 8 days and nights </li></ul><ul><li>there were street fights </li></ul><ul><li>between 10 000 of antiwar </li></ul><ul><li>activist and 12 000 of police- </li></ul><ul><li>men, FBI and CIA agents, </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers and National guards. </li></ul><ul><li>All World is Watching! </li></ul><ul><li>Then in few month – Court over Chicago Eight. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing authorities lost their power </li></ul>
  9. 10. Legacy <ul><li>It was successful cultural revolution </li></ul><ul><li>New fashion , Pop Art and Rock-music </li></ul><ul><li>It changed attitudes towards black people , women , queers and other minorities. </li></ul><ul><li>It was one of main reasons of ending Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><li>It gave new understanding of what Peace is </li></ul><ul><li>It showed connections between Earth and every person on it. </li></ul>
  10. 12. What happened in the next 20 years?
  11. 13. Late 80s – Early 90s <ul><li>1989 - The fall of the Berlin Wall – The end of revolutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Situation in Eastern Europe – USSR fell apart </li></ul>
  12. 14. Why these? What’s wrong about them? <ul><li>IMF and WB </li></ul><ul><li>WTO </li></ul><ul><li>IOM </li></ul><ul><li>G8 </li></ul><ul><li>Transnational corporations </li></ul><ul><li>Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Economical Globilization, Neoliberalism and global capitalism </li></ul>
  13. 15. Alterglobalists’ protest actions
  14. 16. Seattle 1999 - WTO
  15. 17. Prague 2000 –WB/IMF
  16. 18. Genoa 2001 / G8 summit
  17. 19. Some more about Alterglobalists’ mobilization <ul><li>November 30, 1999 – Seattle, WTO Third Ministerial conference </li></ul><ul><li>April 16, 2000 – Washington, DC, IMF </li></ul><ul><li>May 1, 2000 – Global, May Day protests </li></ul><ul><li>July 29, 2000 – Philadelphia, Republican National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>August 11, 2000 – Los Angeles, USA, Democratic National Convention </li></ul><ul><li>September 11, 2000 – Melbourne, World Economic Forum </li></ul><ul><li>September 26, 2000 – Prague, Czech Republic, World Bank/IMF </li></ul><ul><li>November 20, 2000 – Montreal, Quebec, G20 meeting </li></ul><ul><li>January 20, 2001 – Washington, DC, Bush inauguration </li></ul><ul><li>January 27, 2001 – Davos, Switzerland, World Economic Forum </li></ul><ul><li>April 20, 2001 – Quebec City, Canada, Summit of the Americas (FTAA) </li></ul><ul><li>June 15, 2001 – Gothenburg, Sweden EU Summit </li></ul><ul><li>July 20, 2001 – Genoa, Italy G8 Summit </li></ul><ul><li>September 29, 2001 – Washington, DC, Anti-capitalist anti-war protests </li></ul><ul><li>February 1, 2002 – New York City, USA / Porto Alegre, Brazil World Economic Forum / World Social Forum </li></ul><ul><li>March 15, 2002 – Barcelona, Spain EU Summit </li></ul><ul><li>April 20, 2002 – Washington, DC (War on Terrorism) </li></ul><ul><li>November 4 to November 10 – Florence, Italy, First European Social Forum </li></ul><ul><li>June 26, 2002 – Calgary, Alberta, and Ottawa, Ontario, G8 summit at Kananaskis, Alberta J26 G8 Protests </li></ul><ul><li>September 27, 2002 – Washington, DC, IMF/World Bank </li></ul><ul><li>weekend of February 15, 2003, March, April – Global protests against war on Iraq about 12 million antiwar protesters </li></ul><ul><li>July 28, 2003 – Montreal, Quebec </li></ul><ul><li>September 14, 2003 – Cancún, Mexico – Fifth Ministerial of the WTO collapses [19] </li></ul><ul><li>October, 2003 – regional WEF meeting in Dublin, European Competitiveness Summit , cancelled [20] </li></ul><ul><li>November 20, 2003 – Miami Mobilization against the Free Trade Area of the Americas FTAA </li></ul><ul><li>July 2 to July 8, 2005 – Edinburgh, Glasgow and Gleneagles, Scotland Protests against the G8 Summit </li></ul>What’s gonna be then?