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Andrey's presentation about movements from Peace and development seminar

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  • 1. Public Movements for J ustice and Peace a short overview from 1960s to our days
  • 2. The early 60s situation
    • About 15 years of Cold War --
    • First nuclear arms race in history --
    • Cuban Missile Crisis (Caribbean Crisis )
    • Vietnam War had lasted for 5 years
    • Terrible situation for Black people and women
  • 3. The beginning
    • Martin Luther King, Jr. – philosophy of non-violence
    • In 1.2.1960 four of black guys began sitting strike in front of the café where they were refused to be served because of racial reasons.
    • Tens, hundreds, thousands of people joined them all over the country
    • In 5.12.1960 US Supreme Court prohibited racial segregation in public places
    • Movement rose. Demonstrations. Arrests. Protests. Murder of Malcolm X.
    Movement for Equal Rights and Against Racial Prejudices
  • 4. Hippy
    • Who were they and where did they come from?
    • The beginning – around 1965 – when the baby-boomers grew up.
    • New generation wanted to get rid of old, archaic, nobody’s needed puritanical norms of behavior.
    • Ideology
    • For: Love, Peace and Freedom, Tolerance and Equality.
    • Against: Prohibitions and Restrictions, Xenophobia and all kinds of intolerance, existing establishment and its inhuman politics
  • 5. Sexual Revolution
    • Previous 30 years period is very puritanical and conformist and contradicted natural human sexual behaviors
    • the development of the birth control pill in 1960 gave women access to easy and reliable contraception
    • Growing Hippy movement and its free-love approach
    • main change was not that people had more sex or different types of sex, it was simply that they talked about it more openly than previous generations had done.
  • 6. Activism
    • Protests against nuclear weapons (sit-ins, demos, marches)
    • Anti Vietnam War protests all over the county
    • Common action with Black communities for equal rights
    • Free Press
    • First Ecological Protests (antinuclear and ‘cause oil flew out)
  • 7. Political hippies – Yippy!
    • Abbey Hoffman – yippy founder
    • His fun-fake-actions:
    • LSD in drinking water
    • Piggy - candidate
    • Drug-sex-spray press-conference
    • Flying Pentagon
  • 8. 1968 Democratic Convention
    • Peaceful Antiwar
    • Demonstration was planned
    • During 8 days and nights
    • there were street fights
    • between 10 000 of antiwar
    • activist and 12 000 of police-
    • men, FBI and CIA agents,
    • Soldiers and National guards.
    • All World is Watching!
    • Then in few month – Court over Chicago Eight.
    • Existing authorities lost their power
  • 9.  
  • 10. Legacy
    • It was successful cultural revolution
    • New fashion , Pop Art and Rock-music
    • It changed attitudes towards black people , women , queers and other minorities.
    • It was one of main reasons of ending Vietnam War
    • It gave new understanding of what Peace is
    • It showed connections between Earth and every person on it.
  • 11.  
  • 12. What happened in the next 20 years?
  • 13. Late 80s – Early 90s
    • 1989 - The fall of the Berlin Wall – The end of revolutions.
    • Situation in Eastern Europe – USSR fell apart
  • 14. Why these? What’s wrong about them?
    • IMF and WB
    • WTO
    • IOM
    • G8
    • Transnational corporations
    • Wars
    • Economical Globilization, Neoliberalism and global capitalism
  • 15. Alterglobalists’ protest actions
  • 16. Seattle 1999 - WTO
  • 17. Prague 2000 –WB/IMF
  • 18. Genoa 2001 / G8 summit
  • 19. Some more about Alterglobalists’ mobilization
    • November 30, 1999 – Seattle, WTO Third Ministerial conference
    • April 16, 2000 – Washington, DC, IMF
    • May 1, 2000 – Global, May Day protests
    • July 29, 2000 – Philadelphia, Republican National Convention
    • August 11, 2000 – Los Angeles, USA, Democratic National Convention
    • September 11, 2000 – Melbourne, World Economic Forum
    • September 26, 2000 – Prague, Czech Republic, World Bank/IMF
    • November 20, 2000 – Montreal, Quebec, G20 meeting
    • January 20, 2001 – Washington, DC, Bush inauguration
    • January 27, 2001 – Davos, Switzerland, World Economic Forum
    • April 20, 2001 – Quebec City, Canada, Summit of the Americas (FTAA)
    • June 15, 2001 – Gothenburg, Sweden EU Summit
    • July 20, 2001 – Genoa, Italy G8 Summit
    • September 29, 2001 – Washington, DC, Anti-capitalist anti-war protests
    • February 1, 2002 – New York City, USA / Porto Alegre, Brazil World Economic Forum / World Social Forum
    • March 15, 2002 – Barcelona, Spain EU Summit
    • April 20, 2002 – Washington, DC (War on Terrorism)
    • November 4 to November 10 – Florence, Italy, First European Social Forum
    • June 26, 2002 – Calgary, Alberta, and Ottawa, Ontario, G8 summit at Kananaskis, Alberta J26 G8 Protests
    • September 27, 2002 – Washington, DC, IMF/World Bank
    • weekend of February 15, 2003, March, April – Global protests against war on Iraq about 12 million antiwar protesters
    • July 28, 2003 – Montreal, Quebec
    • September 14, 2003 – Cancún, Mexico – Fifth Ministerial of the WTO collapses [19]
    • October, 2003 – regional WEF meeting in Dublin, European Competitiveness Summit , cancelled [20]
    • November 20, 2003 – Miami Mobilization against the Free Trade Area of the Americas FTAA
    • July 2 to July 8, 2005 – Edinburgh, Glasgow and Gleneagles, Scotland Protests against the G8 Summit
    What’s gonna be then?