9 Social Control POWERPOINT

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9 Social Control POWERPOINT

  1. 1. “Prevention is better than cure” What does this mean? How can we relate this to crime?
  2. 2. This raises the issue of social control • Definition of social control? • Mechanisms to ensure conformity MTEC • The capacity of societies to regulate their members’ behaviour – and crime prevention • TODAY WE ARE GOING TO LOOK AT 3 STRATEGIES WHICH AIM TO DO JUST THAT
  3. 3. 3 Strategies to prevent crime • SITUATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION • ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME PREVENTION • SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION
  4. 4. 3 Strategies to prevent crime 1 SITUATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION
  5. 5. 3 Strategies to prevent crime 2 ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME PREVENTION
  6. 6. 3 Strategies to prevent crime 3 SOCIAL AND COMMUNITY CRIME PREVENTION
  7. 7. Evaluation of all of the 3 strategies of crime control • They all take for granted the nature and definition of crime – they focus on a narrow range of harms (typically violent crime, burglary, car crime, anti-social behaviour....) • This ignores the crimes of the powerful and green crimes • The definition of the crime problem reflected in the 3 strategies reflects the priorities and agencies asked to prevent crime
  8. 8. Whyte To illustrate this Whyte conducted a survey of 26 crime and disorder partnerships in the North West of England What they were interested in targeting What they had no interest in targeting Car crime Burglary Drug crime Violent crime Anti-social behaviour Road-safety/speeding Robbery Fear of crime Waste offences Water quality offences Firms releasing cancer causing chemicals into the air Whyte concludes that in terms of the detrimental impact on the health of communities the ‘crimes’ on the right are just as harmful as the ones on the left – however they are not considered to be part of crime and disorder partnerships

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