9 Punishment: Four reasons for sending people to prison

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9 Punishment: Four reasons for sending people to prison

  1. 1. PUNISHMENT One way of trying to prevent crime is through punishment (fines, prison, execution.....) There are FOUR main justifications for punishment: A DETERRRENCE B REHABILITATION C INCAPACTITATION D RETRIBUTION TASK: Match one of the four justifications for punishment to each of the following statements: STATEMENT JUSTIFICATION STATEMENT JUSTIFICATION 1 Punish and discourage A 7 The ‘short, sharp, shock’ regimes used by Thatcher’s 1980s conservative governments for young offenders A 2 Reforming or changing offenders for the better B C 3 Vengeance and pay-back. D 8 Remove the offender’s capacity to offend again by locking them up. This is a means to an end – an instrumental justification for punishment. 9 An expressive rather than an instrumental justification for punishment – the expression of society’s outrage. 4 Revenge! Society getting its own back on those who do wrong and can’ t behave themselves D C 5 Education and training for prisoners so when they are released from prison they can earn an honest living B 10 Locking away the dangerous, the violent and the lightfingered means that law-abiding citizens can go about their business without fear of being attacked or robbed. 11 Anger management for violent offenders, drug counselling for substance abusers..... 6 Taking offenders out of circulation – removing criminals from society protects the public. C 12 Making an example of offenders will put off others who may consider doing similar acts. A As you watch the DVD clip ‘Does prison work?’ see how many of the 4 justifications you can see being discussed and note them below: D B

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