The Making of the High Weald                    Matt Pitts            Cultural Landscape Advisor              High Weald A...
What is Landscape?                       http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu                                     Collins dicti...
What is Landscape? •an expanse of scenery that can be seen  in a single view         http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu      ...
What is Landscape? •an expanse of scenery that can be seen  in a single view             http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu •...
What is Landscape?  •an expanse of scenery that can be seen    in a single view                     http://wordnetweb.prin...
Look beyond the visual
Protected Landscapes - South East
High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
A Cultural Landscape
The Natural Inheritance
Geological History
Geological History                     Purbeck Limestone
Geological History                     Purbeck Limestone
Geological History                         Hasting Group                     Purbeck Limestone
Geological History                         Hasting Group                     Purbeck Limestone
Geological History                          Wealden Clay                         Hasting Group                     Purbeck...
Geological History                          Wealden Clay                         Hasting Group                     Purbeck...
Geological History                     Upper Greensand                      Lower Greensand                          Weald...
Geological History                     Upper Greensand                      Lower Greensand                          Weald...
Geological History                              Chalk                     Upper Greensand                      Lower Green...
Natural inheritance                      Data derived from British Geological Survey (c) NERC
Geology – cross section Today                      High WealdSouth Downs                        North Downs
Landform
Landform
Landform
Natural Colonization
Sandstone Outcrops
Water Systems
Main Rivers                            Medway                                Rother              Ouse                     ...
Main Rivers                            Medway                                Rother              Ouse                     ...
Main Rivers                            Medway                                Rother              Ouse                     ...
Headwaters                           Medway                               Rother             Ouse                    Cuckm...
Headwaters                           Medway                               Rother             Ouse                    Cuckm...
Human Colonization
Early human activity – Mesolithic   8000 – 4300 BC
Early human activity – Mesolithic   8000 – 4300 BC                                        Microliths, found High Rocks,   ...
Pollen Evidence
Pollen Evidence
Pollen Evidence
Pollen Evidence
Early human activity - Neolithic   4,300 – 1400 BC
Early human activity - Neolithic   4,300 – 1400 BC                                                     Polished flint axe ...
Early human activity - Bronze Age
Early human activity - Bronze Age                                    Tanged & barbed arrow head,                          ...
Roman ironworking sites                          Courtesy Tunbridge Wells Museum
Roman ironworking sites                          Romano- British nail, found                          Castle Hill, Tonbrid...
Roman Finds
Roman Finds              Copper alloy nummus of the              House of Constantine, VRBS              ROMA type, mint o...
2nd Century medallionof Antoninus
2nd Century medallionof Antoninus
Transhumance: dens and droves
Early routeways
Early documentary history for dens in Sussex.                 Anglo Saxon Charter of c.765 lists pig pastures and denns
LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)
LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)              Seeing through the trees
LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)
Medieval farmsteadBraided Routeway
Medieval Period
Post Medieval Iron
Post Medieval Iron                     9 pound cannonball,                     found Hadlow                           Cour...
Landscape character of the High Weald defined
What is Landscape?•a ‘good landscape’ is an interesting one, in which history remains ‘legible’ so that the marks left by ...
Find Out More
Find Out More www.highweald.org
Supported by A partnership between Natural England, East Sussex, West Sussex, Kent and Surrey   County Councils, Rother, H...
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
The Making of the High Weald Landscape
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The Making of the High Weald Landscape

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The Making of the High Weald explores the natural and human interactions which have shaped the landscape of the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)

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The Making of the High Weald Landscape

  1. 1. The Making of the High Weald Matt Pitts Cultural Landscape Advisor High Weald AONB Unit
  2. 2. What is Landscape? http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu Collins dictionary Landscape Convention Definition
  3. 3. What is Landscape? •an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu Collins dictionary Landscape Convention Definition
  4. 4. What is Landscape? •an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu •an extensive area of land regarded as being visually distinctive Collins dictionary Landscape Convention Definition
  5. 5. What is Landscape? •an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu •an extensive area of land regarded as being visually distinctive Collins dictionaryan area, as perceived by people, whose character is theresult of the action and interaction of natural and/orhuman factors. Landscape Convention Definition
  6. 6. Look beyond the visual
  7. 7. Protected Landscapes - South East
  8. 8. High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
  9. 9. A Cultural Landscape
  10. 10. The Natural Inheritance
  11. 11. Geological History
  12. 12. Geological History Purbeck Limestone
  13. 13. Geological History Purbeck Limestone
  14. 14. Geological History Hasting Group Purbeck Limestone
  15. 15. Geological History Hasting Group Purbeck Limestone
  16. 16. Geological History Wealden Clay Hasting Group Purbeck Limestone
  17. 17. Geological History Wealden Clay Hasting Group Purbeck Limestone
  18. 18. Geological History Upper Greensand Lower Greensand Wealden Clay Hasting Group Purbeck Limestone
  19. 19. Geological History Upper Greensand Lower Greensand Wealden Clay Hasting Group Purbeck Limestone
  20. 20. Geological History Chalk Upper Greensand Lower Greensand Wealden Clay Hasting Group Purbeck Limestone
  21. 21. Natural inheritance Data derived from British Geological Survey (c) NERC
  22. 22. Geology – cross section Today High WealdSouth Downs North Downs
  23. 23. Landform
  24. 24. Landform
  25. 25. Landform
  26. 26. Natural Colonization
  27. 27. Sandstone Outcrops
  28. 28. Water Systems
  29. 29. Main Rivers Medway Rother Ouse Cuckmere Brede
  30. 30. Main Rivers Medway Rother Ouse Cuckmere Brede
  31. 31. Main Rivers Medway Rother Ouse Cuckmere Brede
  32. 32. Headwaters Medway Rother Ouse Cuckmere Brede
  33. 33. Headwaters Medway Rother Ouse Cuckmere Brede
  34. 34. Human Colonization
  35. 35. Early human activity – Mesolithic 8000 – 4300 BC
  36. 36. Early human activity – Mesolithic 8000 – 4300 BC Microliths, found High Rocks, Tunbridge Wells Courtesy Tunbridge Wells Museum
  37. 37. Pollen Evidence
  38. 38. Pollen Evidence
  39. 39. Pollen Evidence
  40. 40. Pollen Evidence
  41. 41. Early human activity - Neolithic 4,300 – 1400 BC
  42. 42. Early human activity - Neolithic 4,300 – 1400 BC Polished flint axe head, found Hartfield Courtesy Tunbridge Wells Museum
  43. 43. Early human activity - Bronze Age
  44. 44. Early human activity - Bronze Age Tanged & barbed arrow head, found Warren Farm, Rotherfield Courtesy Tunbridge Wells Museum
  45. 45. Roman ironworking sites Courtesy Tunbridge Wells Museum
  46. 46. Roman ironworking sites Romano- British nail, found Castle Hill, Tonbridge Courtesy Tunbridge Wells Museum
  47. 47. Roman Finds
  48. 48. Roman Finds Copper alloy nummus of the House of Constantine, VRBS ROMA type, mint of Trier, c.AD 330-335
  49. 49. 2nd Century medallionof Antoninus
  50. 50. 2nd Century medallionof Antoninus
  51. 51. Transhumance: dens and droves
  52. 52. Early routeways
  53. 53. Early documentary history for dens in Sussex. Anglo Saxon Charter of c.765 lists pig pastures and denns
  54. 54. LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)
  55. 55. LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) Seeing through the trees
  56. 56. LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)
  57. 57. Medieval farmsteadBraided Routeway
  58. 58. Medieval Period
  59. 59. Post Medieval Iron
  60. 60. Post Medieval Iron 9 pound cannonball, found Hadlow Courtesy Tunbridge Wells Museum
  61. 61. Landscape character of the High Weald defined
  62. 62. What is Landscape?•a ‘good landscape’ is an interesting one, in which history remains ‘legible’ so that the marks left by the work and lives of hundreds of generations of our predecessors can still be recognised. Graham Fairclough, English Hertiage
  63. 63. Find Out More
  64. 64. Find Out More www.highweald.org
  65. 65. Supported by A partnership between Natural England, East Sussex, West Sussex, Kent and Surrey County Councils, Rother, Horsham, Mid Sussex, Tandridge, Sevenoaks, Wealden District Councils and Tunbridge Wells, Hastings, Crawley, Tonbridge and Malling and Borough Councils.

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