SOCIAL DARWINISMThis basically meanssurvival of the ﬁttest.This was used in theindustry of the UnitedStates as the strongerindustries would take overthe weaker ones.
AMERICANIZATION MOVEMENTThis was when someone whowas an immigrant to Americatook on American values.People from different countriesstarted to follow americanfashion trends, personalities, etc.
SOCIAL GOSPELThis is the practice ofchristianity as a callingand a social reform.It was the social reform ofchristianity during therevolution.
BILLY SUNDAYHe was a very popularAmerican baseball playerduring the 1880’s.He was the most celebratedand inﬂuential christianathlete during the early20th century.
16TH AMENDMENTIt gave congress the abilityto levy income taxes.This was originally a taxused to help pay for thecivil war in the late1800’s.
POPULISM (UNITED STATES)It is a political doctrine thatsupports the rights and powerof the common people intheir struggle with theprivileged elite.There was this group calledthe populist party and theywere a group who werebasically against the upperclass elites of society.
CHILDREN’S BUREAUThis was a federal agency puttogether by the department ofhealth and human services.It was used to prevent childabuse, provide foster care, andadoption.
JOHN MUIRHe was a scottish bornAmerican naturalist and author.He was the man who helpedpreserve the Yosemite Valley,Sequoia National Park.
DWIGHT L. MOODYHe was an American Evangelist.He was the man that opened theMoody church, Moody bibleinstitute, and Moody Publishers.
THE PANAMA CANALIt is a canal that connects theAtlantic Ocean with thePaciﬁc Ocean.This made it way easier totransport goods from thePaciﬁc of the U.S. to theAtlantic.
THE ERIE CANALThis is a waterway that runs363 miles from Albany, NewYork to Buffalo, New Yorkin Lake Erie connecting theAtlantic Ocean to the GreatLakes.It was the ﬁrsttransportation systembetween the Eastern seaboard and the great lakes.
MUCKRAKERSThis term refers to reformminded journalists in earlyAmerican history.They started investigativejournalism reporting all theway into the ﬁrst world war.
IDA TARBELLShe was an American teacher,author, and Journalists.She was known as one of theleading Muckrakers of theprogressive era.