Matt Joseph
The DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
The Genocide <ul><li>Largest Genocide since the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict between Hutus and Tutsis </li></ul><u...
How did it start? <ul><li>Rwanda’s Tutsi government feared Hutu forces </li></ul><ul><li>Both engaged in violent acts vs. ...
Poor Funding of Armies <ul><li>Zaire was a poor country at the time </li></ul><ul><li>No funding for armies </li></ul><ul>...
Laurent Kabila <ul><li>Overthrew current leader Mobutu </li></ul><ul><li>Came to power due to Tutsi support </li></ul><ul>...
Ethnic Favoritism <ul><li>Second Congolese War began due to increasing Hutu-Tutsi tension </li></ul><ul><li>DRC – Hutu </l...
More nations join… <ul><li>Kabila calls upon the help of Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Chad, Libya and Sudan </li></ul><ul><l...
Failed Peace, more war <ul><li>In 2002, Kabila attempts peace talks </li></ul><ul><li>Is somewhat successful (stops offici...
Rebel Groups <ul><li>LRA – Lords Resistance Army </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Joseph Kony </li></ul><ul><li>FDLR – Democratic ...
<ul><li>EFFECTS </li></ul>
Death and Poverty <ul><li>Over 5.4 million people died throughout the course of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3 million l...
Patriarchal Society <ul><li>Millions of women mass raped by rebel groups </li></ul><ul><li>Went against African culture, w...
Destruction of Land <ul><li>Little to no agricultural land to farm on </li></ul><ul><li>There was little farmland in the f...
Transitional Government <ul><li>A temporary government (Joseph Kabila is still leader) has been put up as they refine thei...
Solution 1 – Stop the Rebels <ul><li>Cut the income flow to the rebel groups, make them get as little resources as possibl...
Solution 2 – Get the UN involved <ul><li>Attempt to get the rebel groups to sign a cease fire through forceful means </li>...
My Choice <ul><li>Would be the least violent and would force the rebel groups to stop </li></ul><ul><li>Would directly hel...
What you can do <ul><li>Be Aware </li></ul><ul><li>World Health Organization – Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Women for Women f...
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Genocide in the democratic republic of congo[1]

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Genocide in the democratic republic of congo[1]

  1. 1. Matt Joseph
  2. 2. The DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
  3. 3. The Genocide <ul><li>Largest Genocide since the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict between Hutus and Tutsis </li></ul><ul><li>Uganda got involved for land </li></ul><ul><li>MONUSCO attempting to create peace </li></ul>
  4. 4. How did it start? <ul><li>Rwanda’s Tutsi government feared Hutu forces </li></ul><ul><li>Both engaged in violent acts vs. each other </li></ul><ul><li>Rwandan genocide of 1994 forced Hutus to flee to Zaire (DRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Rwandan genocide spread to DRC </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Kabila </li></ul>
  5. 5. Poor Funding of Armies <ul><li>Zaire was a poor country at the time </li></ul><ul><li>No funding for armies </li></ul><ul><li>No consistent export, too many imports (unfavorable balance of trade) </li></ul><ul><li>Poor country = bad government </li></ul><ul><li>Anarchic period until 1995, KABILA </li></ul>
  6. 6. Laurent Kabila <ul><li>Overthrew current leader Mobutu </li></ul><ul><li>Came to power due to Tutsi support </li></ul><ul><li>Became suspicious of other ethnic groups: Ugandans, Rwandans </li></ul><ul><li>Rwandan government ordered mass killings, supported rebel troops </li></ul><ul><li>First Congolese War (1996-1998) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ethnic Favoritism <ul><li>Second Congolese War began due to increasing Hutu-Tutsi tension </li></ul><ul><li>DRC – Hutu </li></ul><ul><li>Ugandan, Rwanda – Tutsi </li></ul><ul><li>Laurent Kabila started anti-Tutsi campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Tutsi rebel forces grew larger </li></ul>
  8. 8. More nations join… <ul><li>Kabila calls upon the help of Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Chad, Libya and Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to the assassination of Laurent Kabila in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>His son, Joseph, gets elected president </li></ul><ul><li>Peace talks start to happen; UN finally gets “involved” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Failed Peace, more war <ul><li>In 2002, Kabila attempts peace talks </li></ul><ul><li>Is somewhat successful (stops official fighting) </li></ul><ul><li>Most fighting wasn’t official; terrorist and rebel groups did most of the massacres </li></ul><ul><li>Rape started to become a prominent tactic; degraded women </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rebel Groups <ul><li>LRA – Lords Resistance Army </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Joseph Kony </li></ul><ul><li>FDLR – Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>These two groups together have assassinated and raped over 2,000,000 citizens </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>EFFECTS </li></ul>
  12. 12. Death and Poverty <ul><li>Over 5.4 million people died throughout the course of the war </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3 million left homeless </li></ul><ul><li>Of those 3 million, 1.7 were children </li></ul><ul><li>Children were then forced to become child soldiers, joined rebel forces (Many members of the LRA are children) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Patriarchal Society <ul><li>Millions of women mass raped by rebel groups </li></ul><ul><li>Went against African culture, women were abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>Impregnated and left to die by their own family </li></ul>
  14. 14. Destruction of Land <ul><li>Little to no agricultural land to farm on </li></ul><ul><li>There was little farmland in the first place, rarity now </li></ul><ul><li>Exports have become even rarer </li></ul>
  15. 15. Transitional Government <ul><li>A temporary government (Joseph Kabila is still leader) has been put up as they refine their democracy and attempt to straighten out their government </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to stop corruption </li></ul>
  16. 16. Solution 1 – Stop the Rebels <ul><li>Cut the income flow to the rebel groups, make them get as little resources as possible (gold + salt) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide aid for the DRC to get back on track, help them at least get into stable condition </li></ul>
  17. 17. Solution 2 – Get the UN involved <ul><li>Attempt to get the rebel groups to sign a cease fire through forceful means </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed by South Africa, if South Africa fails then the UN must get involved </li></ul>
  18. 18. My Choice <ul><li>Would be the least violent and would force the rebel groups to stop </li></ul><ul><li>Would directly help a country in dire need of money </li></ul><ul><li>Would benefit both the Congolese and American economies in the long run (gold + salt trade) </li></ul>
  19. 19. What you can do <ul><li>Be Aware </li></ul><ul><li>World Health Organization – Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Women for Women foundation – help rape victims </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF – Nutrition and agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Lutheran World Organization – Agriculture and Human Rights </li></ul>
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