Genocide in the democratic republic of congo[1]

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  • 1. Matt Joseph
  • 2. The DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
  • 3. The Genocide
    • Largest Genocide since the Holocaust
    • Conflict between Hutus and Tutsis
    • Uganda got involved for land
    • MONUSCO attempting to create peace
  • 4. How did it start?
    • Rwanda’s Tutsi government feared Hutu forces
    • Both engaged in violent acts vs. each other
    • Rwandan genocide of 1994 forced Hutus to flee to Zaire (DRC)
    • Rwandan genocide spread to DRC
    • Poor Economy
    • Kabila
  • 5. Poor Funding of Armies
    • Zaire was a poor country at the time
    • No funding for armies
    • No consistent export, too many imports (unfavorable balance of trade)
    • Poor country = bad government
    • Anarchic period until 1995, KABILA
  • 6. Laurent Kabila
    • Overthrew current leader Mobutu
    • Came to power due to Tutsi support
    • Became suspicious of other ethnic groups: Ugandans, Rwandans
    • Rwandan government ordered mass killings, supported rebel troops
    • First Congolese War (1996-1998)
  • 7. Ethnic Favoritism
    • Second Congolese War began due to increasing Hutu-Tutsi tension
    • DRC – Hutu
    • Ugandan, Rwanda – Tutsi
    • Laurent Kabila started anti-Tutsi campaigns
    • Tutsi rebel forces grew larger
  • 8. More nations join…
    • Kabila calls upon the help of Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Chad, Libya and Sudan
    • Leads to the assassination of Laurent Kabila in 2001
    • His son, Joseph, gets elected president
    • Peace talks start to happen; UN finally gets “involved”
  • 9. Failed Peace, more war
    • In 2002, Kabila attempts peace talks
    • Is somewhat successful (stops official fighting)
    • Most fighting wasn’t official; terrorist and rebel groups did most of the massacres
    • Rape started to become a prominent tactic; degraded women
  • 10. Rebel Groups
    • LRA – Lords Resistance Army
    • Led by Joseph Kony
    • FDLR – Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda
    • These two groups together have assassinated and raped over 2,000,000 citizens
  • 11.
    • EFFECTS
  • 12. Death and Poverty
    • Over 5.4 million people died throughout the course of the war
    • Over 3 million left homeless
    • Of those 3 million, 1.7 were children
    • Children were then forced to become child soldiers, joined rebel forces (Many members of the LRA are children)
  • 13. Patriarchal Society
    • Millions of women mass raped by rebel groups
    • Went against African culture, women were abandoned
    • Impregnated and left to die by their own family
  • 14. Destruction of Land
    • Little to no agricultural land to farm on
    • There was little farmland in the first place, rarity now
    • Exports have become even rarer
  • 15. Transitional Government
    • A temporary government (Joseph Kabila is still leader) has been put up as they refine their democracy and attempt to straighten out their government
    • Attempt to stop corruption
  • 16. Solution 1 – Stop the Rebels
    • Cut the income flow to the rebel groups, make them get as little resources as possible (gold + salt)
    • Provide aid for the DRC to get back on track, help them at least get into stable condition
  • 17. Solution 2 – Get the UN involved
    • Attempt to get the rebel groups to sign a cease fire through forceful means
    • Proposed by South Africa, if South Africa fails then the UN must get involved
  • 18. My Choice
    • Would be the least violent and would force the rebel groups to stop
    • Would directly help a country in dire need of money
    • Would benefit both the Congolese and American economies in the long run (gold + salt trade)
  • 19. What you can do
    • Be Aware
    • World Health Organization – Disease
    • Women for Women foundation – help rape victims
    • UNICEF – Nutrition and agriculture
    • Lutheran World Organization – Agriculture and Human Rights