John is concerned with end-time judgment and salvation.
Includes a concrete historical situation.
John sees behind the scenes from the perspective of God’s throne room.
Tends to be repetitive.
As an apocalypse Revelation answers the question, “Who is Lord over the world and all created things?”
“ The apocalyptists sought to maintain the faith of God’s people in the one, all-powerful and righteous God, in the face of the harsh realities of evil in the world, especially the political evil of the oppression of God’s faithful people by the great pagan empires. The answer to this problem was always and essentially, that, despite appearances, it is God who rules his creation and the time is coming soon when he will overthrow the evil empires and establish his kingdom.” Bauckham, Theology, 8-9