The caste system, the prevalent social system of the Aryans, had already been mentioned in the Rig Veda.
The caste system receives further religious approval in the Bhagavad Gita, which recognizes that there are different types of people and that their ways to perfection will differ, depending on their personality type and role in society.
Is the most complicated of the gods , both in origin and in conception.
The horned figure, sitting in yogic meditation posture and found on seals from the Harappa period, may be an early form of Shiva, meaning that some aspects of the present-day god may extend back to pre-Aryan India.
Shiva’s connection with destruction may be hard for many non-Hindus to appreciate.
destruction is considered to be simply another part of the divine energy at work in the world.
a type of recycling, the necessary loss of form, which occurs so that new forms may appear, and death is always thought of as leading to a new life.
Hinduism strongly recognizes the female aspects of divinity.
The Great Mother, also called Devi (“goddess”), is worshipped throughout India but particularly in the northeast.
Durga frequently represented with ten arms, full of implements used to destroy evil.
Kali is more fearsome still is often shown wearing a necklace of human skulls, and her fanged teeth drip with blood. Her many arms are full of weapons, which are thought to be dangerous to enemies but protective of her children.