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Buddhism Pt  2

Buddhism Pt 2



World Religions class for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College class, Spring 2010.

World Religions class for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College class, Spring 2010.



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    Buddhism Pt  2 Buddhism Pt 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Buddhism pt. 2
    • Two ways of following the Buddha
      • Theravadin Buddhism
      • Mahayana Buddhism
      • Comparison
    • philosophies within Buddhism
      • The Madhyamika School
      • The Yogacara School
    • Buddhism in Asia:
      • Ashoka (273 B.C.E-232 B.C.E )
      • He saw the suffering of his troops and of those he defeated.
      • 5 actions were done as a result of his observations about suffering.
    • Buddhism in China:
      • Ming Ti
      • Theravadin Buddhism was not well embraced by the Chinese.
    • Buddhism in China:
      • New schools were founded to teach different routes to salvation.
        • Tian Tai (Tyian-Tai) = heavenly Terrace
        • Hua-Yen
        • Jingtu (ching-T’ U) = pure land Buddhism
        • Chan (Ch’AN)
    • Buddhism in Japan
      • Around 552 C.E. Buddhism entered Japan
    • Buddhism in Japan
      • Groups of Buddhist spread throughout Japan most of which were centralized around a charismatic leader.
        • Tendai (9th century C.E.)
        • Shingon (9th century C.E.)
        • Jodo
        • Shinran
        • Zen
        • Nichiren
    • Buddhism in Tibet
      • introduced into Tibet around 630 C.E.
      • Tibetan Buddhism has three vows: (1) monastic vows, (2) progressive path of the bodhisattva, (3) esoteric precept of the tantras.
      Dalai Lama
      • Creation happened through pairs of deities who produce the universe by sexual intercourse.
      • Whole universe moves in cycles
      • Goal is the heightening of energies rather than relaxation.
      • Red monks were more liberal in practice
      • Yellow monks were more conservative
      • The head of the monastery was the lama and he would be reborn after he died
    • Buddhism and the West
      • How do we define the Sangha in the US?
      • What does democracy do to the Buddhist traditions?
      • Ethnicity?
      • Gender equality?
      • Level of orthodoxy?
      • Sectarian issues?
    • Worldview
    • The Absolute:
      • Buddha did not believe in traditional gods but he is not an atheist.
      • He taught that belief in gods were not essential to the core mission of life.
      • All humans have the opportunity of becoming buddhas.
    • The world:
      • world of experience is only appearance the real world is that of enlightenment.
      • Debate as to whether one can experience this reality while living or only after death.
    • Humans:
      • human body is not permanent.
      • Choices that we make can change the future.
    • The problem for Humans:
      • suffering is the problem for humans.
      • Humans are ignorant of their impermanence.
      • Suffering is caused by ignorance.
    • The Solution for Humans:
      • Knowledge is the solution.
      • They learn the cause of suffering and learn that something can be done about it.
      • Middle path leads to release from suffering.
      • Buddha is the model to follow and his eightfold path takes discipline.
    • Community and Ethics:
      • Sangha was a well organized body of monks
      • Individual responsibility in community living.
      • Karma is recognized by Buddhist.
      • There is no self to be reborn but one’s actions affect others.
      • One must live an exemplary life now.
      • Strong social concern.
      • Impersonal goodwill toward all human beings.
      • Morality: avoid theft, drunkenness, injury to others…etc.
      • Celibacy for monks (except in the tantric rituals)
      • Make no caste distinctions.
    • Women in Buddhism
      • women can become nuns.
      • They were considered lower than their male counterparts.
    • Interpretation of History
      • no vision of the end of history.
      • More concerned with the progress of the individual than the whole of history.
    • Rituals and Symbols
      • central figure is the Buddha pictured in a meditative state.
      • Bowing or kneeling before the image of the Buddha.
      • Wheel of dharma that stands for the Buddha’s teaching.
      • Followers take refuge in the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha
      • Rigorous and extensive initiation into the order.
    • Life after Death:
      • In theory, there is nothing to carry over from one life to the other.
      • An individual’s moral impact in personal and social life carries over.
      • Some forms of Buddhism focuses on the individual’s experience after death.
    • Buddhism and other Religions:
      • ready to cooperate rather than condemn