Buddhism Pt 1

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World Religions class for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College class, Spring 2010.

World Religions class for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College class, Spring 2010.

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Transcript

  • 1. The Beginnings of Buddhism The Life of the Buddha
  • 2. Early years of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama)
      • He would follow his father’s footsteps, inheriting the position and becoming a great king, a “ world ruler ”; or,
      • if he were exposed to the sight of suffering, he would become a great spiritual leader, a “ world teacher .”
  • 3. Four passing sights:
    • A. an old man, crooked and toothless (everyone ages)
    • B. a sick man, wasted by disease (everyone gets sick)
    • C. a corpse being taken for cremation (everyone dies)
    • D. a wandering holy man (a renunciate) who had no possessions but seemed to be at peace. (only solution to the suffering of humanity)
  • 4. Siddhartha decided to escape (29yrs old)
    • Great Going Forth :he abandoned his wife and newborn child
  • 5. Siddhartha finds enlightenment
        • Various traditions give different details
          • sat for a week
          • remained there forty-nine days
          • all say he struggled with hunger, thirst, doubt and weakness
          • legend says he saw his past lives, fathomed the laws of karma that govern everyone, and finally achieved insight into release from suffering and rebirth.
  • 6. The Buddha’s death
        • “You must be your own lamps, be your own refuges.
        • Take refuge in nothing outside of yourselves.
        • Hold firm to the truth as a lamp and a refuge, and do not look for refuge to anything besides yourselves.”
  • 7. Basic Teachings of Buddhism
  • 8. Monks in the Buddha’s order practiced ten precepts
    • 1. Not taking life 6. Eat moderately and not after noon
    • 2. Not stealing 7. Avoiding spectacles such as singing or drums
    • 3. Being chaste 8. Not using flowers, perfumes, or jewelry
    • 4. Not lying 9. Using simple beds
    • 5. Not drinking intoxicants 10. Accepting no gold or silver
  • 9. The two most important questions about existence:
      • How can we minimize suffering: our own and that of others?
      • How can we attain inner peace?
  • 10. The Three Marks of Reality
    • Constant change
    • Lack of permanent identity
    • The existence of suffering
  • 11. The Four Noble Truths
    • To Live Is To Suffer (suffering = dukkha [duk-kah])
    • Suffering Comes From Desire (craving = tanha [tan-ha]
    • To End Suffering, End Desire
    • Release From Suffering Is Possible and Can Be Attained by Following the Noble Eightfold Path
  • 12. The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to Inner Peace
    • Right understanding
    • Right intention
    • Right speech
    • Right action
    • Right work
    • Right effort
    • Right meditation
    • Right contemplation
  • 13. Three Jewels.
    • Buddha
    • Dharma
    • Sangha