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Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback
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Chapter 19 : Infertility and Assisted Reproductivity Technologies Teachback

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Chapter 19: Infertility and Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Chapter 19: Infertility and Assisted Reproductive Technologies

Published in: Health & Medicine
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  • 1. BY: MATTI DORVAL WOMEN’S HEALTH ISSUES, HE 210 Chapter 19: Infertility and Assisted Reproductive Technologies
  • 2. “ Many of us grow up dreaming about the day when we will have children. The forces that contribute to these desires are complex, powerful, spiritual, and sometimes unexplainable. Our longing for children is a deep primal need, and being unable to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term can be devastating.” (P.474)
  • 3. Social Infertility Used to describe postmenopausal women, singles, and same-sex couples who turn to fertility treatments and/or adoption for family building.
  • 4. What is Infertility? Medically defined as the inability to become pregnant after twelve months of regular sexual intercourse without birth control, or for women age 35, six months. Also refers to women who are unable to carry a pregnancy to term. The Center for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) estimates that at least 1 in 10 U.S. women age 15 to 44 has difficulty pregnant or staying pregnant.
  • 5. Why Males Experience Infertility Abnormal sperm production or function Problems with the delivery of sperm Overexposure to certain chemicals and toxins. Damage related to cancer and its treatment
  • 6. Why Women Experience Infertility Ovulation disorders Uterine or cervical abnormalities Fallopian tube damage or blockage Endometriosis Primary ovarian insufficiency Pelvic adhesions, Thyroid problems Cancer and its treatment Certain medications
  • 7. What Maximizes Fertility Alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs Weight Sleep and relaxation Environment Overall health Healthy Sperm
  • 8. The Infertility Workup A general and medical history of the woman and the male partner, if there is one. Semen analysis A thorough gynecologic examination Monitoring ovulation Hormonal Profile Ovarian reserve testing Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) Hysteroscopy Laparoscopy
  • 9. Treating Infertility Drugs- a variety of drugs is used to correct hormonal imbalances, induce ovulation, supress ovulation, and prepare the uterus. Surgery-surgical techniques can sometimes correct structural problems of the cervix, uterus, and tubes. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)-a relatively simple infertility treatment in which a very thin flexible catheter is used to place specially washed and prepared sperm directly into the uterus.
  • 10. Treating Infertility Cont’d Assisted reproductive technologies- (ARTs) are procedures used to treat infertility in which both eggs and sperm are manipulated outside the body. These procedures involve surgically removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries, combining with sperm in the laboratory, the returning the fertilized eggs or embryos to the women’s body or donating them to another woman.
  • 11. In Vitro Ferilization (IVF) A complex series of procedures used to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from your ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab.
  • 12. Collaborative (Third-Party) Reproduction The process when another person provides sperm, eggs, or embryos or when another woman provides her uterus so that a family can have a child. The donor’s or surrogate’s involvement is limited to the reproductive process and does not extend to raising the child. Can be complicated and involves a number of important considerations to ensure a safe and successful experience.
  • 13. Donor Sperm Insemination with donor sperm involves using the sperm of a man who is not your partner to conceive Families interested in donor sperm can use a known donor or find an anonymous donor through a sperm bank
  • 14. Donor Eggs A donor’s eggs have to be retrieved and fertilized by the partners or donors sperm, any resulting embryos will be placed within in the uterus or in the uterus of a gestational carrier.
  • 15. Surrogate and Gestational Carriers Surrogate- a woman who is willing to be impregnated using IVF and carry a baby for the intended parents to help them build their family. Traditional surrogacy- when a woman offers to use her own eggs and carry the child as well for the intended parents Gestational surrogacy- when an egg is fertilized outside the body and then implanted into the gestational surrogate, who has no genetic connection to the child.
  • 16. Discussion Question Should most health insurances cover infertility treatment costs?
  • 17. References Our Bodies, Ourselves. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011. Print.

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