It is their work, always
taken extremely seriously and “is the hallmark of the paradoxically useful uselessness of extended immaturity” From butterﬂy to caterpillar: How children grow up by Alison Gopnik
There is much we do
not recognise and there is so much we ignore from our immature days of play, learning and discovery
The object then disappears and
then reappears. If the pattern is ʻpredictableʼ they will look for X time. If the pattern is broken, say for example it appears higher or lower than anticipated, the baby will look for X + Y time (longer) and can be said to be more interested in the object
(Up until the age of
approximately 12-15 months) The human is the only mammal that does this. This is a ﬁne example of not taking for granted that everyone sees what you expect them to see (or hope they will see)
There are two places to
hide a ball: either behind point A or behind point B. To begin with a ball is hidden behind point A. Then while the child is watching, take the ball and hide it behind point B. Then ask the young child: “Where is the ball?” The young child will ﬁrst look behind point A and then move onto looking behind point B. As they mature, they will ﬁnd the object behind point B at the ﬁrst attempt.
It is a huge development
in small children when they learn that people see things in a different way and from different angles than themselves
Jean Piagetʼs A, not-B error:
Person A hides an object from Person B in Place X. B then goes away. A then moves it to Place Y. When B returns, A asks B where he will look for the object. Up to a certain age, children will say X
In front of a 5
year old child, pour the same amount of milk into one squat glass and one tall glass and then ask the child which glass has the most in it? The child will say the tall glass. Again in front of the child, pour the milk out of the squat glass into a new tall glass and the milk out of the ﬁrst tall glass into a new squat glass. Again, ask the child which glass has the most in it and it will say the tall glass.