Narrative – Part 2                                   What are ‘Binary Opposites’?French structural theorist Claude Levi-St...
Draw up a list of binary oppositions in the focus films’ narratives. War of the Worlds or IOTBSFilm Title:                ...
Character                                               Character Purpose    Title  The Hero The Villain The Donor    The ...
Film Title:HERO              4
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Narrative work booklet prt 2

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Narrative work booklet prt 2

  1. 1. Narrative – Part 2 What are ‘Binary Opposites’?French structural theorist Claude Levi-Strauss argued that meaning-making systems (such as narrative) usesets of binary oppositions’BinaryOppositesFrench structural theorist Claude Levi-Strauss argued that meaning-making systems (such as narrative) usesets of binary oppositionsThese are conflicts between two qualities or terms, which are expressed as opposites.Binary oppositions help to make narratives easier to understand.The absence of clearly defined characters and values may confuse audiences who are expecting them. Draw up a list of Binary Oppositions that you think are typical of the Science Fiction genre film V E R S U S 1
  2. 2. Draw up a list of binary oppositions in the focus films’ narratives. War of the Worlds or IOTBSFilm Title: EXAMPLES FROM TEXT V E R S U S Vladimir ProppVladimir Propp developed a theory about characters and their actions or roles within anarrative.Characters, according to Propp, have a narrative ‘function’; they provide a structure for thetext.He also identified the role that character interaction plays in setting a narrative in motion,pushing it along, and finally bringing it to a ‘satisfying’ conclusion.He suggested that the number of characters in a narrative was limited to 31, although wewill consider the seven main ones.His work has also been applied to films, and it is possible, for example, to use Proppstheory to fit the character types in a range of feature films. 2
  3. 3. Character Character Purpose Title The Hero The Villain The Donor The Dispatcher The HelperThe Princess The False- HeroCharacter motivation is an important aspect to consider when we are analysing a film.Characters come into conflict with other characters that may be acting out differentmotives and are intent on achieving different goals.Conflict is central to the functioning of narrative, not least because it is conflict that invitesus, the audience, to take sides. All others characters motivations are governed by the Hero Character! 3
  4. 4. Film Title:HERO 4

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