Starter Task• Read through Roger Ebert’s review of the film ‘La Haine’• Highlight all references to: What do you – Nationality think ‘La Haine’ is about? – Race – Representation (pick specific scenes to support your – French Society opinions)• Do you agree with this review?
Module Objectives• During this module we will be looking at many different aspects of French Law and Culture, as well as perfecting our analytical skills learnt during FM1 Did you know:• Throughout our study we must always be aware that the French French policy towards non- white ethnic groups has always culture is Alien to us. been one of ‘assimilation’ with• We can compare the experiences people expected to take on French cultural norms and of the characters with our own life values. experiences, but we must also research the ‘alien’ culture if we are to fully appreciate the messages and values of the film...
Module Objectives• During this module we will be looking at many different aspects of French Law and Culture, as well as perfecting our analytical skills learnt during FM1 Did you know:• Throughout our study we must • How is this different from always be aware that the French Britain? culture is Alien to us. • What are the possible• We can compare the experiences implications of such a policy? • How will this impact our of the characters with our own life reading of the film? experiences, but we must also research the ‘alien’ culture if we are to fully appreciate the messages and values of the film...
Area’s of study Gentrification French Narrative Immigration Law Gender Roles / Policies Culture vs. Sub- Culture French Empire and Imperialism Representations: La Ethnicity Stereotypes in Haine Youth the French Racism Media Police & Racism Les Banlieues French Politics Specifically: In-depthSocial Exclusion Jean-Marie Le Pen character studies
Learning Objectives• Introduce the background to ‘La Haine’• Analyse representations of Paris in both contemporary films and La Haine• Identify the key themes of La Haine
La Haine• La Haine (HATE)• Dir: Mathieu Kassovitz• Cast: – Vincent Cassel – Hubert Koundé – Saíd Taghmaoui• Release: 31/5/95 (France) 17/11/95• Winner Best Director at the 1995 Cannes film festival
• Which of the following phrases would you use to describe La Haine? Exciting Hopeless Bleak Heroic Pessimistic Action - Packed Tense Menacing Real Sexist Enjoyable• For each word chosen, explain your reasoning• What other words would you add to this list?
La Haine• Kassovitz has said the idea of La Haine came to him when a young black man named Makome MBowole was shot and killed whilst in police custody• Makome MBowole had been chained to a radiator and shot at point blank range after allegedly arguing with a police officer• The police officer involved stated that the gun had went off by accident as he was trying to intimidate M’Bowole• This murder resulted in a mass protest and even terrorist activities against the police.• M’Bowole’s “accidental” death is just one of over 300 mortal “slip-up’s” that have plagued the police since 1981
Bomb’s in Paris“A bomb exploded in a smart In retaliation torestaurant in Montmartre, an M’Bowole’s death aunexploded grenade was found inside bomb was detonatedand the name of an African teenager in Montmartre, Pariskilled by police inscribed on a wall, AFP soon after.reports from Paris.An anonymous caller claimed thegrenade was destined for the police,but did not claim responsibility for thebombing or for any group. Makomewas written on the wall outside,referring to Makome MBowole, a Monday, 19 April 1993Zairean youth shot dead this monthwhile being interrogated.”
La Haine• The case of Malik Ouessekine is another important influence on the production of La Haine and direct references to this case can be seen during the opening montage• The real riot footage was shot in 1986 in response to Ouessekine’s death• Malik Oussekine was beaten to death by police during a mass protest against proposals to give Universities more power in student selection• Jacques Chirac, President at the time of Oussekine’s death withdrew the plans as a result
La Haine• Filmmaker Matthew Kassovitz stated ‘La Haine is an anti-police film and that is how I meant it to be understood.’ Indeed, when it was premiered at Cannes, the police on security duty there turned their back on the cast and crew of the film. Kassovitz’ portrayal of the French police leaves no doubt as to how he sees them and their role in the violence in La Haine.
Did La Haine predict the riots of 95?• Hubert’s ongoing joke of “A man jumped off a building...” is essential to our understanding of the film• What or who do you think Hubert is “Heard about the guy who fell off referring to when he says this? the sky scrapper? On his way past each floor he kept saying to reassure himself• On June 8 and 9, 1995, shortly after “So far, so good... the release of the film, there were So far, so good...” violent riots in the Butte-Verte cité, in Noisy-le-Grand, east of Paris, provoked by yet another death of a young beur, Belkacem Belhabib, who crashed his motorbike while being chased by the police.
Paris Vs. paris• For a century films have stamped in to our brains the Seine, Notre Dame, the Arc De Triomphe, and the Eiffel Tower.• They have become symbols of ‘The City of Lights’• Make notes on how Paris is represented in the following trailer and extracts from ‘Casablanca’ (1942)• How do these representations of Paris differ from those seen in La Haine? • Complete all sections of your facebook profile pages using the clips, trailers and La Haine as evidence
Summary• La Haine is an anti-police film inspired by the deaths of African immigrants Makome MBowole & Malik Ouessekine whilst in police custody• The death of both men led to riots and mass protests in Paris city centre and highlighted the injustices being carried out against non-white members of French society• In France people are defined as either citizens or non-citizens• An person born in France to foreign parents must wait until adulthood before they can apply for their French Citizenship• The film prophesised the 1995 Paris riots and as a result received fierce criticism from many areas of the French, middle classes
Paris Vs. paris• Watch the following clips from – Midnight in Paris – Casablanca
• The Parisian banlieues, long absent from the dominant French imaginary, have materialized as spatialized, racialized markers of political- economic crisis, social fragmentation, crime and violence.
The Director• Mathieu Kassowitz• Born in Paris 1967