FM2 – Section CComparative Analysis of TWO US films from the same genre
LearningIntroduce FM2 Section C Objectives Begin background research in to our focus films Complete ‘People on the Move’
GenreWhat is a ‘Genre’?Genre is a method of film categorisationGenre refers to films that share similarities in theirnarrative construction, themes, character types,scenarios and aesthetic “POP QUIZ HOT SHOT!” You have 60 seconds to note down as many film Genres as you can! Aesthetic; Visual style (what is pleasurable to the eyes)
GenrePick ONE Genre from the list below and create alist of elements you would expect to see in films ofthat typeFor example,In Westerns we expect to see Cowboys andIndiansOrIn Fantasy films we expect to see Magic,wizards and fantastical events
Pick ONE Genre from the list below and create a list of elements youwould expect to see in films of that type
ConventionEach Genre is made up of characteristics andrecognisbale aspects – these are called Codes & Conventions Elements that are typical of a genreThese codes & conventions make films instantlyrecognisableCodes and conventions can include: specific use of themicro elements, settings, props, character types,themes, costumes and music
GenreGenre is not only a term applied to film!The concept of Genre has been around since theearliest days of ArtFilm Genres came into existence during the earliestdays of Classical HollywoodDuring their earliest history Studios would utilisegenre to maximise the number of films producedeach year Warner Bros. Star James CagneyThis allowed Studios to r-use the same sets, portraying adirectors, crews, writers etc for multiple gangster. A role heproductions would reprise many times in Warner Bros.
GenreThe codes and conventions of a Genre can be splitin to Three Distinct groups: Technical Symbolic Written/Audio Camera Use of colour Music Techniques Shot Types Costumes/Props DialogueEditing Transitions Mise-en-scene Sound Effects Directorial style Performance Script
Watch the following trailers and complete your Genre handoutYou put each convention/element in to ONE of the THREEcategories
Genre & AudienceIf a film audience is to understand and appreciate a genre film, theymust first be able to recognise the codes and conventions of thatgenreWhy is this understanding important to: The Audience? The filmmakers?Genre acts as a loose set of rules or guidelines for both filmmakers,and the audienceBefore we see a movie we have certain expectations.We expect to see certain character types and conventions that wefind familiar.
Genre & AudienceIf our expectations are not met, we may be confused and disappointedby the filmA filmmaker can follow the ‘rules’ (codes and conventions) of a genreand in doing so appeal to a specific target audience.Cinema-goers who like a certain genre of filmmaking will go in to thecinema expecting to see elements that are familiar to themFor example, fans of Horror, will expect:To be frightenedDark, oppressive lighting‘Monsters’ or elements of the super-naturalGore / “Blood and Guts”Usually a female protagonist / victim
Science FictionAs a genre, Science Fiction gives filmmakers more scope, morepossibilities and more chance to explore taboo subjects and socialissues than any otherMany iconic Sci-Fi films are allegorical tales that contain manydifferent meaningsExample: Allegory;Robots and Aliens are A story, poem, or picturecommonly used to that can be interpreted torepresent unknown reveal a hidden meaning,threats, or threats to typically a moral orsociety political one
Dystopian Alternative Futuristic future: Future setting State in whichthe conditions of Robots / Aliens Armageddon life are extremely bad (oppression/terr or/deprivation) Advanced Time Travel Technology / SCI FI A.I. Visionary Isolation In Groups CreateWhat if...? a mind-map listing as many Exploration of conventions (consistent elements) of the Unforeseen cultural issues Sci-Fi genre consequences High Concept of industrial advancement Fear of the Space Travel unknown
SummaryA Genre is a type or film or film styleGenres are made up of codes and conventionsthat act as a rough set of guidelines for filmsAudiences expect certain codes andconventions to be present in GenresIf these things are missing they will be leftdisappointed and the film will suffer at the boxofficeThe Sci-Fi genre has long been used tocomment upon society or its conventions usedas allegorical devices