The bubonic plague.
The disease mainly effects rodents, fleas can
transmit it to humans.
Once a human is infected it is easily spread to other
The name of the bacterium is yersinia pestis
The plague causes a high fever, the chills, swelling
of the lymph nodes called buboes, black pock
marks appear on the afflicted individual.
Origins of the plague
The plague was said to have started in the
early 1330s in China.
Since China was one of the busiest
nations in terms of trading, a trade
boat docked in Sicily with people
dieing of the plague aboard the boat.
Introduction of the plague
The plague was first introduced to Europe at a trading city
called Caffa, After a Protracted siege Mongolians
catapulted people with the plague over the city walls and
infected the cities inhabitants.
Governments in Europe had no response to the plague
because of their ignorance to its cause or how it spread
Effects of the Plague
Considering a third of englands population was killed, art, leisure
activities and life in general was changed by the plague.
The church had been affected greatly since Monasteries took in sick
people. Church after church was abandoned, a third of all cardinals
were killed by the plague
The wealthy all fled to the countryside
To slow the infection from spreading, leaders
prohibited trading with certain areas. Most
trade that took place was cut off by pirates
and looters and put into circulation on the
Growth during this time period.
It was very hard for children too during the plague.
Baby girls were left for dead and boys were cared for to carry
on the families name.
Children witnessed death on a daily basis thus leading to
dementia when older.
A nursery rhyme was based around the plague, Ring around
the rosey pocket full of poesy's ashes, ashes we all fall
Some people believed the plague was a
manifestation of divine anger.
From this theory developed the flagellants,
they wander from town to town whipping
themselves atoning for the sins of the world,
as jesus did. They also killed any jew or
Clergyman that opposed them.
It was an age old English custom to bury people
in their respected family graves.
As the body count rose higher and higher, the
church ran out of places to bury the dead.
Therefore the idea of mass graves came about.