South America - Intro PPT

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The introductory PowerPoint for South America.

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South America - Intro PPT

  1. 1. SOUTH AMERICA
  2. 2. COUNTRIES <ul><li>Venezuela </li></ul><ul><li>Guyana </li></ul><ul><li>Suriname </li></ul><ul><li>French Guiana </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Paraguay Uruguay </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina Columbia </li></ul><ul><li>Chile Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>Peru Ecuador </li></ul>
  3. 3. MAJOR CITIES (a few, not all) <ul><li>Buenos Aires </li></ul><ul><li>Santiago </li></ul><ul><li>La Paz </li></ul><ul><li>Sucre </li></ul><ul><li>Lima </li></ul><ul><li>Asuncion </li></ul><ul><li>Montevideo </li></ul><ul><li>Brasilia </li></ul><ul><li>Recife </li></ul><ul><li>Salvador </li></ul><ul><li>Georgetown </li></ul><ul><li>Paramaribo </li></ul><ul><li>Caracas </li></ul><ul><li>Bogota </li></ul><ul><li>Quito </li></ul><ul><li>Cayenne </li></ul><ul><li>Rio de Janeiro </li></ul>
  4. 4. BODIES OF WATER <ul><li>Amazon River </li></ul><ul><li>Orinoco River </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay River </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Rio de la Plata </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Maricaibo </li></ul>
  5. 6. FAMOUS PHYSICAL FEATURES <ul><li>Strait of Magellan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Links the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Falkland Islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought over by Argentina and United Kingdom </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Angel Falls </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World tallest waterfall </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aconcagua (22831ft) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second tallest peak in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atacama Desert, Chile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imperceptible rainfall on a yearly basis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cape Horn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Southernmost tip of South America </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Andes Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South America’s longest mountain chain. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. ANGEL FALLS
  7. 11. ATACAMA DESERT
  8. 14. POPULATION <ul><li>Ethnically diverse population </li></ul><ul><li>379,500,000 approx. in 12 countries (5th out of 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Buenos Aires, Argentina -11.92 million (#3 in the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Sao Paulo, Brazil -10.26 million (#8 in the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Lima, Peru - 8.38 million (#14 in the world) </li></ul><ul><li>Most indigenous groups live in the Andes region of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish and Portuguese were first, then enslaved Africans (to work) </li></ul>
  9. 15. DENSITY AND DISTRIBUTION <ul><li>High rate of population growth </li></ul><ul><li>People live on the continent’s edge </li></ul><ul><li>” Populated Rim” because of physical geography ( Rainforests, deserts, and mountains dominate the interior ) </li></ul><ul><li>To draw people away from the coast, Brazilian Government moved capital from coastal Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia ( located in interior ) </li></ul>
  10. 16. BRAIN DRAIN <ul><li>People are looking for better wages and living conditions…so many people leave South America </li></ul><ul><li>Countries such as Guyana, Ecuador, and Columbia, are experiencing a large brain drain </li></ul><ul><li>Brain Drain  loss of their more highly educated and skilled workers to other countries </li></ul>
  11. 18. EARLY CULTURES <ul><li>Early societies based primarily on agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Inca developed a highly developed civilization in the Andes ( stretched from present-day Ecuador to central Chile ) </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled through a central government headed by an emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical society  emperor, high priest, and army commander had complete authority over everyone else </li></ul>
  12. 19. INCA’S <ul><li>Skilled Engineers  built temples and fortresses. Network of roads that crossed mountain passes </li></ul><ul><li>No written language  knowledge was passed on to each generation through storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>To keep financial and historical records, they used a Quipu  series of knotted cords of various colors and lengths </li></ul>

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